“Europe today is a powder keg and the leaders are like men smoking in an arsenal…A single spark will set off an explosion that will consume us all…I cannot tell you when that explosion will occur, but I can tell you where…Some damned foolish thing in the Balkans will set it off.”
Military Reserve System: Military organization made up of ordinary citizens who are on standby to head off into war in the military as needed
Mobilization system: A system that prepared a country for war by conscripting young able-bodied men into the military to increase the army population. Often used propaganda to increase patriotism. (Britain only country w/o conscription)
War Colleges: Colleges designed for education of potential soldiers
Machine Gun: Automatic gun capable of firing bullets in rapid succession for as long as the trigger is held.
Breech loading rifle: A rifle where the bullet/shell is loaded into the barrel’s rear
Flamethrower: A weapon that uses fuel to shoot out flames
Schlieffen Plan: German plan of defense against the Russo-Franc alliance; Germany would attack France first while Russia was delayed trying to encourage mobilization, and would then have defeated France by the time Russia got to her aid.
Plan 17: French “scheme of mobilization and concentration” against Germany in WWI that included five decisive battles, that was designed without a fixed military strategy to remain flexible to offensives into foreign territory.
“Cult” of the Offensive: a military dilemma when the leaders or commanders of an army faction believe that the offensive advantages are so great that a defending force has no hopes of stopping an attack; this causes all states/countries to try and attack
Anglo-German Arms Race:
Dreadnought Battleship: A 20th century battleship that was bigger and quicker than previous armored battleship models, and also had large-scale guns as artillery.
Tirpitz: Navy Laws: Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz launched a campaign to bring Germany’s military up to par with the Royal Navy of Britain to ensure protection from any attack by sea.