US Constitution vs Texas Constitution - Both constitutions established three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) and included a bill of rights guaranteeing basic rights. The Texas Bill of Rights established civil, political, and religious freedom in Texas. The Texas Constitution differed from the U.S. Constitution in some of its features that were influenced by Spanish and Mexican law courts. For instance, the Texas Constitution recognized that both husband and wives were able to own community property. It also had protections for people in debt. Certain property couldn't be seized as payment of debts. A unique provision to Texas at the time was barring ministers and priests from holding office.