Status of Convention on International Civil Aviation



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Status of Convention on International Civil Aviation

Formulated at Chicago December 7, 1944


Date of Deposit Date of Receipt

Date of of instrument of Notification Date of Entry

State Signature of Ratification of Adherence into Force *


Afghanistan Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 4, 1947 May 4, 1947
Albania March 28,1991 April 27,1991
Algeria May 7, 1963 June 6, 1963
Andorra Jan. 26, 2001 Feb. 25, 2001
Angola Mar. 11, 1977 Apr. 10, 1977
Antigua and

Barbuda Nov. 10, 1981 Dec. 10, 1981


Argentina June 4, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Armenia June 18, 1992 July 18,1992
Australia Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 1, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Austria Aug. 27, 1948 Sept. 26, 1948
Azerbaijan Oct. 9, 1992 Nov. 8, 1992
Bahamas May 27, 1975 June 26, 1975
Bahrain Aug. 20, 1971 Sept. 19, 1971
Barbados Mar. 21, 1967 Apr. 20, 1967
Bangladesh Dec. 22, 1972 Jan. 21, 1973
Belarus June 4, 1993 July 4, 1993
Belgium Apr. 9, 1945 May 5, 1947 June 4, 1947
Belize Dec. 7, 1990 Jan. 6, 1991
Benin May 29, 1961 June 28, 1961
Bhutan May 17, 1989 June 16, 1989
Bolivia Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 4, 1947 May 4, 1947
Bosnia Herzegovina Jan. 13, 1993 Feb. 12, 1993
Botswana Dec. 28, 1978 Jan. 27, 1979
Brazil May 29, 1945 July 8, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Brunei Dec. 4, 1984 Jan. 3, 1985
Bulgaria June 8, 1967 July 8, 1967
Burkina Faso Mar. 21, 1962 Apr. 20, 1962
Burma July 8, 1948 Aug. 7, 1948
Burundi Jan. 19, 1968 Feb. 18, 1968
Cambodia Jan. 16, 1956 Feb. 15, 1956
Cameroon Jan. 15, 1960 Feb. 14, 1960
Canada Dec. 7, 1944 Feb. 13, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Cape Verde Aug. 19, 1976 Sept. 18, 1976
Central

African


Republic June 28, 1961 July 28, 1961
Chad July 3, 1962 Aug. 2, 1962
Chile Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 11, 1947 Apr. 10, 1947
China 24(a), 5, 54, 58 Dec. 7, 1944 Feb. 15, 1974 5
Colombia Oct. 31, 1947 Oct. 31, 1947 Nov. 30, 1947
Comoros, The Jan. 15, 1985 Feb. 14, 1985
Congo Apr. 26, 1962 May 26, 1962
Congo, Dem.

Republic of July 27, 1961 Aug. 26, 1961


Cook Islands Aug. 20, 1986 Sept. 19, 1986
Costa Rica Mar. 10, 1945 May 1, 1958 May 31, 1958
Côte d’Ivoire Oct. 31, 1960 Nov. 30, 1960
Croatia Apr. 9, 1992 May 9, 1992
Cuba Apr. 20, 1945 May 11, 1949 June 10, 1949
Cyprus Jan. 17, 1961 Feb. 16, 1961
Czech Rep 47 Mar. 4, 1993 Apr. 3, 1993
Denmark Dec. 7, 1944 Feb. 28, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Djibouti June 30, 1978 July 30, 1978
Dominican

Republic Dec. 7, 1944 Jan. 25, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947


Ecuador Dec. 7, 1944 Aug. 20, 1954 Sept. 19, 1954
Egypt Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 13, 1947 Apr. 12, 1947
El Salvador May 9, 1945 June 11, 1947 July 11, 1947
Equatorial

Guinea Feb. 22, 1972 Mar. 23, 1972


Eritrea Sept. 17, 1993 Oct. 17, 1993
Estonia Jan. 24, 1992 Feb. 23, 1992
Ethiopia Feb. 10, 1947 Mar. 1, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Fiji Mar. 5, 1973 Apr. 4, 1973
Finland Mar. 30, 1949 8 Apr. 29, 1949
France Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 25, 1947 Apr. 24, 1947
Gabon Jan. 18, 1962 Feb. 17, 1962
Gambia, The May 13, 1977 June 12, 1977
Georgia Jan. 21, 1994 Feb. 20, 1994
Germany 45 May 9, 1956 9 June 8, 1956
Ghana May 9, 1957 June 8, 1957
Greece Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 13, 1947 Apr. 12, 1947
Grenada Aug. 31, 1981 Sept. 30, 1981
Guatemala Jan. 30, 1945 Apr. 28, 1947 11 May 28, 1947
Guinea Mar. 27, 1959 Apr. 26, 1959
Guinea-Bissau Dec. 15, 1977 Jan. 14, 1978
Guyana Feb. 3, 1967 Mar. 5, 1967
Haiti Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 25, 1948 Apr. 24, 1948
Honduras Dec. 7, 1944 May 7, 1953 June 6, 1953
Hungary Sept. 30, 1969 Oct. 30, 1969
Iceland Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 21, 1947 Apr. 20, 1947
India Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 1, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Indonesia Apr. 27, 1950 May 27, 1950
Iran Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 19, 1950 May 19, 1950
Iraq Dec. 7, 1944 June 2, 1947 July 2, 1947
Ireland Dec. 7, 1944 Oct. 31, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Israel May 24, 1949 June 23, 1949
Italy Oct. 31, 1947 13 Nov. 30, 1947
Jamaica Mar. 26, 1963 Apr. 25, 1963
Japan Sept. 8, 1953 14 Oct. 8, 1953
Jordan Mar. 18, 1947 Apr. 17, 1947
Kazakhstan Aug. 21, 1992 Sept. 20, 1992
Kenya May 1, 1964 May 31, 1964
Kiribati Apr. 14, 1981 May 14, 1981
Korea, Rep.

of Nov. 11, 1952 Dec. 11, 1952


Korea, Dem. People's

Rep. of Aug. 16, 1977 Sept. 15, 1977


Kuwait May 18, 1960 June 17, 1960
Kyrgyzstan Feb. 25, 1993 Mar. 27, 1993
Laos June 13, 1955 July 13, 1955
Latvia July 13, 1992 Aug. 12, 1992
Lebanon Dec. 7, 1944 Sept. 19, 1949 Oct. 19, 1949
Lesotho May 19, 1975 June 18, 1975
Liberia Dec. 7, 1944 Feb. 11, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Libya Jan. 29, 1953 Feb. 28, 1953
Lithuania Jan. 8, 1992 Feb. 7, 1992
Luxembourg July 9, 1945 Apr. 28, 1948 May 28, 1948
Macedonia,

Former Yugoslav

Republic of Dec. 10, 1992 Jan. 9, 1993
Madagascar Apr. 14, 1962 May 14, 1962
Malawi Sept. 11, 1964 Oct. 11, 1964
Malaysia Apr. 7, 1958 May 7, 1958
Maldives Mar. 12, 1974 Apr. 11, 1974
Mali Nov. 8, 1960 Dec. 8, 1960
Malta Jan. 5, 1965 Feb. 4, 1965
Marshall Is. Mar. 18, 1988 April 17, 1988
Mauritania Jan. 13, 1962 Feb. 12, 1962
Mauritius Jan. 30, 1970 Mar. 1, 1970
Mexico Dec. 7, 1944 June 25, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Micronesia,

Fed. States of Sept. 27, 1988 Oct. 27, 1988


Moldova June 1, 1992 July 1, 1992
Monaco Jan. 4, 1980 Feb. 3, 1980
Mongolia Sept. 7, 1989 Oct. 7, 1989
Morocco Nov. 13, 1956 Dec. 13, 1956
Mozambique Jan. 5, 1977 Feb. 4, 1977
Namibia Apr. 30, 1991 May 30, 1991
Nauru Aug. 25, 1975 Sept. 24, 1975
Nepal June 29, 1960 July 29, 1960
Netherlands Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 26, 1947 Apr. 25, 1947
New Zealand Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 7, 1947 Apr. 6, 1947
Nicaragua Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 28, 1945 Apr. 4, 1947
Niger May 29, 1961 June 28, 1961
Nigeria Nov. 14, 1960 Dec. 14, 1960
Norway Jan. 30, 1945 May 5, 1947 June 4, 1947
Oman Jan. 24, 1973 Feb. 23, 1973
Pakistan Nov. 6, 1947 Dec. 6, 1947
Palau Oct. 4, 1995 Nov. 3, 1995
Papua New

Guinea Dec. 15, 1975 Jan. 14, 1976


Panama Jan. 18, 1960 23 Feb. 17, 1960
Paraguay July 27, 1945 Jan. 21, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Peru Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 8, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Philippines Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 1, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Poland Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 6, 1945 Apr. 4, 1947
Portugal 57 Dec. 7, 1944 Feb. 27, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Qatar Sept. 5, 1971 Oct. 5, 1971
Romania Apr. 30, 1965 May 30, 1965
Russia Oct. 15, 1970 34 Nov. 14, 1970
Rwanda Feb. 3, 1964 Mar. 4, 1964
Samoa Nov. 21, 1996 Dec. 21, 1996
San Marino May 13, 1988 June 12, 1988
Sao Tome and

Principe Feb. 28, 1977 Mar. 30, 1977


Saudi Arabia Feb. 19, 1962 25 Mar. 21, 1962
Senegal Nov. 11, 1960 Dec. 11, 1960
Serbia and Montenegro 59 Dec. 14, 2000 Jan. 13, 2001
Seychelles Apr. 25, 1977 May 25, 1977
Sierra Leone Nov. 22, 1961 Dec. 22, 1961
Singapore May 20, 1966 June 19, 1966
Slovak Republic 47 Mar. 15, 1993 Apr. 14, 1993
Slovenia May 13, 1992 June 12, 1992
Solomon Islands Apr. 11, 1985 May 11, 1985
Somali Republic Mar. 2, 1964 Apr. 1, 1964
South Africa June 4, 1945 Mar. 1, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Spain Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 5, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Sri Lanka June 1, 1948 July 1, 1948
St. Kitts and Nevis May 21, 2002 June 20, 2002
St. Lucia Nov. 20, 1979 Dec. 20, 1979
St. Vincent

and the


Grenadines Nov. 15, 1983 Dec. 15, 1983
Sudan June 29, 1956 July 29, 1956
Suriname Mar. 5, 1976 Apr. 4, 1976
Swaziland Feb. 14, 1973 Mar. 16, 1973
Sweden Dec. 7, 1944 Nov. 7, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947
Switzerland July 6, 1945 Feb. 6, 1947 27 Apr. 4, 1947
Syria Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 21, 1949 Jan. 20, 1950
Tajikistan Sept. 3, 1993 Oct. 3, 1993
Tanzania 29 Apr. 26, 1964 May 26, 1964
Thailand Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 4, 1947 May 4, 1947
Togo May 18, 1965 June 17, 1965
Tonga Nov. 2, 1984 Dec. 2, 1984
Trinidad

and Tobago Mar. 14, 1963 Apr. 13, 1963


Tunisia Nov. 18, 1957 Dec. 18, 1957
Turkey Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 20, 1945 Apr. 4, 1947
Turkmenistan Mar. 15, 1993 Apr. 14, 1993
Uganda Apr. 10, 1967 May 10, 1967
Ukraine Aug. 10, 1992 Sept. 9, 1992
United Arab

Emirates Apr. 25, 1972 May 25, 1972


United Kingdom

of Great Britain

and Northern

Ireland 55 Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 1, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947


United States

of America Dec. 7, 1944 Aug. 9, 1946 Apr. 4, 1947


Uruguay Dec. 7, 1944 Jan. 14, 1954 Feb. 13, 1954
Uzbekistan Oct. 13, 1992 Nov. 12, 1992
Vanuatu Aug. 17, 1983 Sept. 16, 1983
Venezuela Apr. 1, 1947 May 1, 1947
Vietnam 40 Mar. 13, 1980 Apr. 12, 1980
Yemen, Republic of 46 Apr. 17, 1964 May 17, 1964
Zambia Oct. 30, 1964 Nov. 29, 1964
Zimbabwe Feb. 11, 1981 Mar. 13, 1981

Status of


INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT
and
INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT AGREEMENT
Formulated at Chicago December 7, 1944

Date of

Date of Signature of Acceptance of
Transit Transport Transit Transport

State Agreement Agreement Agreement Agreement
Antigua and

Barbuda Nov. 16, 1988 7


Afghanistan Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 May 17, 1945 May 17, 1945 1
Albania Oct. 21, 1997
Algeria Apr. 16, 1964
Argentina June 4, 1946
Armenia May 29, 1996
Australia July 4, 1945 Aug. 28, 1945
Austria Dec. 10, 1958
Azerbaijan Mar. 3, 2000
Bahamas, The June 26, 1975 3
Bahrain Oct. 12, 1971
Bangladesh Feb. 9, 1979
Barbados July 10, 1970
Belgium Apr. 9, 1945 July 19, 1945
Benin Apr. 23, 1963
Bolivia Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 4, 1947 Apr. 4, 1947
Bosnia and Herzegovina Mar. 3, 1995 53
Brazil
Brunei Jan. 3, 1985 42
Bulgaria Sept. 21, 1970
Burkina Faso Sept. 25, 1992
Burma
Burundi Feb. 18, 1968 Feb. 18, 1968
Cambodia
Cameroon Mar. 30, 1960
Canada 44 Feb. 10, 1945 Feb. 10, 1945 44
Chile Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 24, 1974
China 4(b), 54, 56
Colombia
Costa Rica Mar. 10, 1945 Mar. 10, 1945 May 1, 1958 May 1, 1958
Côte d’Ivoire Mar. 20, 1961
Croatia June 12, 1993 51
Cuba Apr. 20, 1945 Apr. 20, 1945 June 20, 1947
Cyprus Oct. 12, 1961
Czech Republic 47 Dec. 13, 1994 50
Denmark Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 1, 1948
Dominican

Republic Dec. 7, 1944 Jan. 25, 1946 6


Ecuador Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 July 28, 1983
Egypt Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 13, 1947
El Salvador May 9, 1945 May 9, 1945 June 1, 1945 June 1, 1945
Estonia Aug. 16, 1995
Ethiopia Mar. 22, 1945 Mar. 22, 1945 Mar. 22, 1945 Mar. 22, 1945
Fiji Feb. 14, 1973 7
Finland Apr. 9, 1957
France Dec. 7, 1944 June 24, 1948
Gabon Jan. 15, 1970
Germany 45 June 8, 1956
Greece Dec. 7, 1944 Sept. 21, 1945 Feb. 28, 1946 10
Guatemala Jan. 30, 1945 Jan. 30, 1945 Apr. 28, 1947 11
Guinea Nov. 5, 1998
Guyana Apr. 28, 1986 43
Haiti Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944
Honduras Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Nov. 13, 1945 Nov. 13, 1945
Hungary Jan. 15, 1973
Iceland Apr. 4, 1945 Apr. 4, 1945 Mar. 21, 1947
India Dec. 7, 1944 May 2, 1945 12
Indonesia
Iran Dec. 7, 1944 Aug. 13, 1946 Apr. 19, 1950
Iraq Dec. 7, 1944 June 15, 1945
Ireland Nov. 15, 1957
Israel June 16, 1954
Italy June 27, 1984
Jamaica Oct. 18, 1963
Japan Oct. 20, 1953
Jordan Mar. 18, 1947
Korea, Democratic

People's Republic of Feb. 8, 1995


Korea,

Republic of June 22, 1960


Kuwait June 17, 1960
Laos
Latvia May 21, 1997
Lebanon Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 15 June 5, 1974
Lesotho Oct. 2, 1975
Liberia Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 19, 1945 Mar. 19, 1945
Libya
Luxembourg July 9, 1945 Apr. 28, 1948
Macedonia, Former

Yugoslav Republic of Jan. 4, 1995 48


Madagascar May 14, 1962
Malaysia May 31, 1945 16
Malawi Mar. 27, 1975
Mali May 27, 1970
Malta June 4, 1965
Mauritania May 11, 1979
Mauritius Sept. 13, 1971
Mexico Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 June 25, 1946
Moldova Nov. 21, 1994
Monaco Jan. 3, 1996
Morocco Aug. 26, 1957
Nauru Sept. 24, 1975
Nepal Nov. 23, 1965
Netherlands Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 17 Jan. 12, 1945 Jan. 12, 1945 18
New Zealand Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 19, 1945 19
Nicaragua Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 28, 1945 Dec. 28, 1945 20
Niger Mar. 16, 1962 21
Nigeria Jan. 25, 1961
Norway Jan. 30, 1945 Jan. 30, 1945
Oman Feb. 23, 1973
Palau Nov. 3, 1995
Pakistan Aug. 15, 1947 22
Panama Oct. 8, 1982
Paraguay July 27, 1945 July 27, 1945 July 27, 1945 July 27, 1945
Peru Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944
Philippines Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 22, 1946 24
Poland Dec. 7, 1944 Apr. 6, 1945
Portugal Sept. 1, 1959
Rwanda July 6, 1964
Senegal Mar. 8, 1961
Seychelles Oct. 16, 1979
Serbia and Montenegro July 10, 2002 60
Singapore Aug. 22, 1966
Slovakia 47 March 6, 1995 49
Slovenia Dec. 28, 1992 52
Somali

Republic June 10, 1964


South Africa June 4, 1945 Nov. 30, 1945
Spain Dec. 7, 1944 July 30, 1945
Sri Lanka May 31, 1945 26
Swaziland Apr. 30, 1973
Sweden Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Nov. 19, 1945 Nov. 19, 1945 41
Switzerland July 6, 1945 July 6, 1945
Syria July 6, 1945 July 6, 1945 28
Thailand Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Mar. 6, 1947 Mar. 6, 1947 30
Togo Sept. 16, 1965 31
Trinidad and

Tobago Apr. 13, 1963


Tunisia Apr. 26, 1962
Turkey Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 32 June 6, 1945 June 6, 1945 33
Ukraine Aug. 14, 1997
United Arab

Emirates May 25, 1972


United Kingdom

of Great Britain

and Northern Ireland 55 Dec. 7, 1944 35 May 31, 1945 36
United States

of America Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944 Feb. 8, 1945 37 Feb. 8, 1945 37


Uruguay Dec. 7, 1944 Dec. 7, 1944
Uzbekistan Feb. 17, 1997
Vanuatu Jan. 14, 1988
Venezuela Dec. 7, 1944 38 Dec. 7, 1944 38 Mar. 28, 1946 Mar. 28, 1946 39
Vietnam
Zambia Oct. 13, 1965
Notes:

1. Afghanistan denounced the International Air Transport Agreement March 18, 1948; effective March 18, 1949.


2. The participation of Austria effected in accordance with the provision of Article 93 of the convention and resolution of June 9, 1948, by Assembly of ICAO. Effective September 26, 1948.
3. Effective date of notification of succession by Bahamas.
4 (a) Instrument of ratification of the Convention deposited February 20, 1946, by the Republic of China. The Republic of China denounced Convention May 31, 1950, effective May 31, 1951. Another instrument of ratification of the Convention deposited by the Republic of China on December 2, 1953.
4 (b) Notification of acceptance of the International Air Transport Agreement deposited by the Republic of China on June 6, 1945; Republic of China denounced Agreement December 11, 1946, effective December 11, 1947.
5. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China notified the Secretary General of the International Civil Aviation Organization by a note dated February 15, 1974, that "the Government of the People's Republic of China has decided to recognize the Convention on International Civil Aviation which the then Government of China signed in Chicago on December 9 [sic], 1944, and of which an instrument of ratification was deposited by it on February 20, 1946... The Government of the People's Republic of China has also decided to participate in the activities of the International Civil Aviation Organization as from this date." The Minister's note further stated that "For reasons of safety of flight and public safety and in the light of the provisions of Articles 5 and 9 of Chapter II of the Convention, any foreign civil aircraft engaged in non-scheduled flight that wishes to fly into Chinese territory is required to make prior application to the Chinese Government. Such aircraft may enter Chinese territory only after receiving a reply of approval and must observe the regulation of following the assigned route and landing at the designated airport. Application of Chapter XVIII of the Convention must be based on the principle of not infringing on China's sovereignty."
The Secretary General of ICAO, by a communication of May 31, 1974, transmitted to the Department of State a copy of the above-mentioned note and referred to the Secretary General's letter of November 22, 1971, informing the Department of State of the ICAO Council's Resolution of November 19, 1971, in which the Council decided "for the matters within its competence, to recognize the representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China as the only legitimate representatives of China to the International Civil Aviation Organization."
6. The Dominican Republic denounced the International Air Transport Agreement October 14, 1946; effective October, 1947.
7. Date of notification of succession.
8. The participation of Finland effected in accordance with the provisions of Article 93 of the convention and resolution of June 9, 1948, by the Assembly of ICAO. Effective April 29, 1949.
9. The participation of the Federal Republic of Germany effected in accordance with the provisions of Article 93 of the convention and resolution of June 9, 1955, by Assembly of ICAO. Effective June 8, 1956.
10. Reservation accompanying acceptance of Greece: "In accepting this Agreement [transport] in accordance with Article VIII, paragraph two thereof, I am directed to make a reservation with respect to the rights and obligations contained in Article I, Section I, paragraph (5) of the Agreement, which, under Article IV, Section 1, Greece does not wish, for the time being to grant or receive."
11. Notification of denunciation by Guatemala of Convention on International Civil Aviation and International Air Services Transit Agreement received June 13, 1952. Guatemala cancelled its notification of denunciation of convention and transit agreement on December 8, 1952, and requested that denunciation be considered as withdrawn.
12. Reservation accompanying acceptance of India: "In signifying their acceptance... [transit], the Government of India... do not regard Denmark or Thailand as being parties thereto...." (Reservation respecting Thailand withdrawn by India June 6, 1947. Reservation respecting Denmark withdrawn by India February 14, 1950.)
13. The participation of Italy effected in accordance with the provisions of Article 93 of the convention and resolution of May 16, 1947, by Assembly of ICAO. Effective November 30, 1947.
14. The participation of Japan effected in accordance with the provisions of Article 93 of the convention and resolution of July 1, 1953, by Assembly of ICAO. Effective October 8, 1953.
15. Reservation accompanying signature of Lebanon: "Ad referendum concerning the fifth freedom enumerated in Article 1 Section 1." [transport]
16. The Minister of External Affairs of the Federation of Malaya informed the Secretary of State by a note dated December 31, 1959, that "The International Air Services Transit Agreement, was signed on December 7, 1944, and accepted on 31st May, 1945, by the Government of the United Kingdom on behalf of the United Kingdom and its territories, including the Federation of Malaya. By virtue of this the Government of the Federation of Malaya considers itself a party to this agreement as from 31st May, 1945."
17. Reservation accompanying signature of the Netherlands: "In accordance with the provisions of Article IV Section 1 of this agreement [transport] the Netherlands Delegation hereby accept only the first four privileges in Article I Section 1." (Reservation relinquished by the Netherlands September 21, 1945.)
18. Reservation accompanying acceptance of the Netherlands: "... the signatures...affixed to the ... International Air Transport Agreement (with reservation set forth in Article IV Section 1) constitute an acceptance ... by the Netherlands Government and an obligation binding upon it." (Reservation relinquished by the Netherlands September 21, 1945.)
19. Reservation accompanying acceptance of New Zealand: "... the New Zealand Government does not regard Denmark or Thailand as being parties of the Agreement [transit] ...". (Reservation respecting Thailand is regarded as having been withdrawn by New Zealand January 31, 1947. Reservation respecting Denmark withdrawn by New Zealand December 13, 1949.)
20. Nicaragua denounced the International Air Transport Agreement October 7, 1946; effective October 7, 1947.
21. The Embassy of the Republic of Niger notified the Department of State by a note dated March 14, 1962, received on March 16, 1962, that "after acquiring independence, and pursuant to Article 76 of the Constitution, the Republic of Niger considers itself bound by the provisions of ... the International Air Services Transit Agreement, signed at Chicago on December 7, 1944, and ratified in due time by the French Republic." (translation)
22. The Ambassador of Pakistan informed the Secretary of State by a note No. F 96/48/1 of March 24, 1948 "... that by virtue of the provisions in Clause 4 of the Schedule of the Indian Independence (International Arrangements) Order, 1947, the International Air Services Transit Agreement signed by United India continues to be binding after the partition on the Dominion of Pakistan." The acceptance by India on May 2, 1945 of the Transit Agreement applied also to the territory, then a part of India, which later, on August 15, 1947, became Pakistan. The Ambassador of Pakistan informed the Secretary of State by note No. F 96/50/3 of November 28, 1950, of the withdrawal of the reservation made by India, as it applied to Pakistan after partition from India, with respect to Denmark in connection with the transit agreement, the withdrawal being effective August 15, 1947.
23. Adherence of Panama contains the following statement designated as a "reservation": "La Republica de Panama se adhiere a dicha CONVENCION con la Reserva de que la Republica de Panama no da su asentimiento a la palabra jurisdiccion que aparece en el Articulo 2 de la version espanola de la Convencion, como equivalente del termino suzerainty que aparece en el texto ingles".
24. Reservation accompanying acceptance of the Philippines: "The above acceptance is based on the understanding ... that the provisions of Article II, Section 2 of the International Air Services Transit Agreement shall become operative as to the Commonwealth of the Philippines at such time as the Convention on International Civil Aviation shall be ratified in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Philippines." (Philippine instrument of ratification of the Convention on International Civil Aviation deposited March 1, 1947.)
25. The note of the Embassy of Saudi Arabia transmitting the Saudi Arabian adherence contains the following statement: "The Saudi Arabian Government, in referring to Article 89, Chapter XIX of the Convention, intends to invoke the provisions of that Article vis-a-vis Israel."
26. The Chargé d'Affaires ad interim of Ceylon informed the Secretary of State by a note dated April 1, 1957, that "... the Government of Ceylon considers itself a party to the International Air Services Transit Agreement since 31st May, 1945, the date on which the United Kingdom Government accepted the Agreement..." Ceylon's name was changed to Sri Lanka on May 22, 1972.
27. The Minister of Switzerland made the following statement in the note transmitting the Swiss instrument of ratification: "My government has instructed me to notify you that the authorities in Switzerland have agreed with the authorities in the Principality of Liechtenstein that this Convention will be applicable to the territory of the Principality as well as to that of the Swiss Confederation, as long as the Treaty of March 29, 1923, integrating the whole territory of Liechtenstein with the Swiss customs territory will remain in force."
28. Reservation accompanying signature of Syria: "In accordance with Article IV section 1 of this agreement, Syria accepts only the first four privileges in Article I section 1." [transport]
29. Notification of adherence of Tanganyika received on April 23, 1962. On June 26, 1964, the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization noted that all Contracting States to the Convention would be notified by the Secretary General of ICAO that, "with effect from 26 April 1964, the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is a Contracting State, that is today, a party to the Convention [on International Civil Aviation] and Member of ICAO, in place of the former Republic of Tanganyika." On October 29, 1964, the name of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar was changed to the United Republic of Tanzania. In a note to the Secretary of State on March 22, 1966, the Ambassador of the United Republic of Tanzania confirmed that the Convention "is in force in respect of the whole territory of the United Republic of Tanzania from April 26, 1964."
30. Thailand denounced the International Air Transport Agreement March 18, 1953; effective March 18, 1954.
31. The Ambassador of Togo informed the President of the United States of America by a note dated September 16, 1965, that "My Government has instructed to me to notify the Government of the United States of America, as the depositary of that Agreement [Transit] and in accordance with Article 6, that the Republic of Togo considers itself bound by the provisions of the Chicago Convention and the aforesaid Agreement and requests the Government of the United States of America to communicate this declaration to the Secretary General of ICAO and all the member States." (translation) The Ambassador's note further stated that at the time of the conclusion of the Transit Agreement, Togo, which was then under the mandate of France, was represented by it in its international relations and, in depositing its instruments of ratification of the Convention [on March 25, 1947] and the Agreement [on June 24, 1948], France made no reservations concerning their application to the Territory of Togo; consequently, it follows that the Chicago Convention and the Transit Agreement were duly ratified for Togo on the dates on which France deposited its instruments of ratification and, therefore, it is not necessary for Togo to declare its adherence again.
32. Reservation accompanying signature of Turkey: "In accordance with the provisions of Article IV section 1 of this agreement [transport] the Turkish delegation hereby accept only the first four privileges in Article I section 1 and leave the acceptance of the fifth privilege to the discretion of their Government."
33. Reservation accompanying acceptance of Turkey: ".. the reservation made by the Turkish Delegation of the fifth freedom of the air contained in the International Air Transport Agreement is explained in the following article of the law by which the aforementioned instruments have been ratified: 'The Turkish Government, when concluding bilateral agreements, shall have the authority to accept and apply for temporary periods the provision regarding the fifth freedom of the air contained in the International Air Transport Agreement.'"
34. Notification of adherence of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics contains two statements reading, in translation, as follows:
"In adhering to the Convention referred to above, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics declares that:
'The provisions of Article 2 of the Convention, according to which the territory of a State is deemed to be the territory under its sovereignty, protectorate or mandate, are outdated and conflict with the U.N. General Assembly Declaration on Granting Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (Resolution 1514 (XV) of December 14, 1960);
‘The provisions of Articles 92 (a) and 93 of the Convention, pursuant to which a number of States are deprived of the opportunity to become parties to the Convention, are discriminatory in nature, and [the Soviet Union] considers that, in accordance with the principle of the sovereign equality of States, the Convention should be open to adherence of all interested States without any discrimination or limitation.”
35. Reservation accompanying signature of the United Kingdom: "I declare that, failing later notification of inclusion, my signature to this Agreement [transit] does not cover Newfoundland." (Reservation withdrawn by United Kingdom February 7, 1945.)
36. Reservation accompanying acceptance of the United Kingdom: "In signifying their acceptance of the said Agreement [transit], the Government of the United Kingdom ... neither regard the Governments of Denmark and Siam [Thailand] as being parties thereto...." (Reservations respecting Denmark and Thailand withdrawn by United Kingdom March 10, 1950.)
37. Reservation accompanying acceptance of the United States: "These acceptances by the Government of the United States of America are given with the understanding that the provisions of Article II, Section 2, of the International Air Services Transit Agreement and the provisions of Article IV, Section 3, of the International Air Transport Agreement shall become operative as to the United States of America at such time as the Convention on International Civil Aviation... shall be ratified by the United States of America." (The United States of America denounced the International Air Transport Agreement July 25, 1946; effective July 25, 1947. United States instrument of ratification of the Convention on International Civil Aviation deposited August 9, 1946.)
38. Reservation accompanying signature of Venezuela: "La Delegacion de Venezuela firma ad referendum y deja constancia de que la aprobacion de este documento pro su Gobierno esta sujeta a las disposiciones constitucionales de los Estados Unidos de Venezuela." (Transit and Transport Agreements accepted by Venezuela March 28, 1946.)
39. Venezuela denounced the International Air Transport Agreement June 3, 1954; effective June 3, 1955.
40. The Convention was signed by the Republic of Vietnam on October 19, 1954, and an instrument of ratification was deposited in the name of the Republic of Vietnam on November 18, 1954.
41. Sweden denounced the International Air Transport Agreement April 29, 1982, effective April 29, 1983.
42. Date of notification of succession by Brunei became effective.
43. Declaration accompanying acceptance by Guyana:
"THE GOVERNMENT OF GUYANA HEREBY DECLARES THAT ACCEPTANCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT DONE AT CHICAGO ON DECEMBER 4, 1944 SHOULD NOT IN ANY WAY BE CONSTRUED AS RECOGNITION OF ANY STATE OR GOVERNMENT WHICH THE GOVERNMENT OF GUYANA HAS NOT PREVIOUSLY RECOGNISED. THE GOVERNMENT OF GUYANA FURTHER DECLARES THAT NO TREATY RELATIONS OTHER THAN THOSE ENVISAGED BY THE 1944 INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICES TRANSIT AGREEMENT WILL ARISE BETWEEN THE CO-OPERATIVE REPUBLIC OF GUYANA AND ANY STATE OR GOVERNMENT UNLESS SUCH RELATIONS ARE CONTAINED IN A SEPARATE TREATY DULY CONCLUDED IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL LAW."
44. By note dated November 12, 1986, Canada gave notice of denunciation of the Transit Agreement, effective November 12, 1987.
45. By letter dated October 3, 1990, the Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany informed the Secretary-General of the United Nations that ". . . through the accession of the German Democratic Republic to the Federal Republic of Germany with effect from October 3, 1990, the two German States have united to form one sovereign State, which as a single Member of the United Nations remains bound by the provisions of the Charter in accordance with the solemn declaration of 12 June 1973 . . .."

Prior to reunification, the German Democratic Republic status with respect to the Convention was as follows: The German Democratic Republic adhered to the Convention and accepted the Transit Agreement on April 2, 1990.


46. By note of May 19, 1990, the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) informed the Secretary General of the United Nations that the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen and the Yemen Arab Republic will merge in a single sovereign State called the "Republic of Yemen.". . . All treaties and agreements concluded between either the Yemen Arab Republic or the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen and other States and international organizations in accordance with international law which are in force on May 22, 1990 . . . between the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen and the Yemen Arab Republic and other States will continue . . ." [South Yemen had previously adhered to the Convention on January 28, 1970.]
47. Czechoslovakia signed the Convention and Transit Agreement on April 18, 1945. Czechoslovakia accepted the Transit Agreement on the date of its signature and deposited an instrument of ratification of the Convention on March 1, 1947. The Convention entered into force for Czechoslovakia on April 4, 1947. On December 31, 1992, at midnight, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and was succeeded by two separate and independent states, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
48. Notification of succession effective January 9, 1993.
49. Notification of succession effective April 14, 1993.
50. Notification of succession effective April 3, 1993.
51. Notification of succession effective May 9, 1992.
52. Notification of succession effective June 12, 1992
53. Notification of succession effective February 12, 1993.
54. By note of June 3, 1997, the Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China informed the Secretary of State of the application of the Convention to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, following that country’s resumption of the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect from July 1, 1997. The Ambassador’s note contained the following Declaration: “The execution of Chapter 18 must not, as a principle, prejudice the sovereignty of the People’s Republic of China.” In a separate note of June 3, 1997, the Secretary of State was informed as follows:
“...The International Air Services Transit Agreement done at Chicago on 7 December 1944 (hereinafter referred to as the “Agreement”), which applies to Hong Kong at present, will continue to apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region with effect from July 1997.
“Within the above ambit, responsibility for the international rights and obligations of a party to the Agreement will be assumed by the Government of the People’s Republic of China.”
55. By notes of June 11, 1997, the British Ambassador informed the Secretary of State of the restoration of Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China with effect from July 1, 1997, and that from that date the Government of the United Kingdom will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention and Transit Agreement to Hong Kong.
56. By note of October 6, 1999, the Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China informed the Secretary of State that “. . . the International Air Services Transit Agreement done at Chicago on 7 December 1944 (hereinafter referred to as the “Agreement”) which applies to Macao at present, will continue to apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999.”
57. By note of October 22, 1999, the Ambassador of Portugal informed the Secretary of State of the restoration of Macau to the People’s Republic of China with effect from December 20, 1999, and that from that date the Government of the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau.
58. By note of December 8, 1999, the Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China informed the Secretary of State of the following:
“The Convention on International Civil Aviation, signed at Chicago on 7 December 1944, which the Government of the People’s Republic of China informed its admission on 15 February 1974 (hereinafter referred to as the Convention) shall apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999. The Government of the People’s Republic of China also wishes to make the following declaration:

The statement made by the Government of the People’s Republic of China to the provisions of Articles 5 and 9 of Chapter II and the provisions of Chapter XVIII shall also apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.

The Government of the People’s Republic of China shall assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to the Macao Special Administrative Region.”
59. A notification of adherence by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (now Serbia and Montenegro) to the Convention was deposited with the U.S. Government on December 14, 2000. Previously, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (formerly the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia) had signed the Convention on January 6, 1954, deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on March 9, 1960, and the Convention had entered into force for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on April 8, 1960. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia dissolved in 1991.
60. A notification of succession by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (now Serbia and Montenegro) to the Transit Agreement was deposited with the U.S. Government on July 10, 2002, with effect from January 13, 2001 – the date of entry into force of the Convention on International Civil Aviation for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Previously, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia had accepted the Transit Agreement on May 17, 1976.

Department of State,



Washington, July 18, 2003.

* The Convention, in accordance with the provisions of Article 91 (b) thereof, entered into force initially April 4, 1947.


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