. . . On the night of May 10, 1933, thousands of Nazi students, along with many professors, stormed universities, libraries, and bookstores in thirty cities throughout Germany. They removed hundreds of thousands of books and cast them onto bonfires. In Berlin alone, more than twenty thousand books were burned. The book burnings were part of a calculated effort to “purify” German culture. Since April 12, the Nazi German Student Association had been purging libraries, working from lists of books deemed “un-German.” The authors of some of the books were Jews, but most were not. . . .
Source: Michael Berenbaum, The World Must Know: The History of the Holocaust as Told in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Little, Brown and Co.
According to Michael Berenbaum, what was one way the Nazi Party attempted to control the thoughts of the German people?
. . . The Hitler Youth movement was formed for the express purpose of creating loyal subjects to the state. By 1935, over three million boys and girls aged 10 and older were enrolled. “We were born to die for Germany” was one of their popular slogans. In addition to a strenuous physical fitness program, they received training in the use of weapons and heard lectures on Nazi ideology.
-Source: Chartock and Spencer eds., Can It Happen Again?, Black Dog & Leventhal
According to the editors of Can It Happen Again?, what was one method used by the Nazi Party to influence the thinking of the young people of Germany?
Translated: End it now, VOTE Hitler
How is the Nazi party portrayed in the propaganda poster?
What might the Nazis have been referring to in the phase “end it now”?
What do you think the broken chains represent in the poster?
Why did the photographer use children for the picture?
Famous Quotations-The Power of Hitler
In this world we believe in Adolf Hitler alone… We believe that there is Lord God in heaven, who has made us, who leads us, who guides us and who visibly blesses us. And we believe that this Lord God has sent us Adolf Hitler, that Germany might be established for all eternity.
-Schulungsbrief, April 1937. Bibl. 1, 35, p. 222 Nathaniel Micklem, National Socialism and the Roman Catholic Church, OUP 1939
He who serves our Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, serves Germany and he who serves Germany, serves God.
-Baldur von Schirach (speech to Hitler Youth, 25 July 1936)
Hitler stood unmoved...The audience was breathless under his spell. This man expressed their thoughts, their feelings, their hopes; a new prophet had arisen- many saw in him already another Christ, who predicted the end of their sufferings and had the power to lead them into the promised land of they were only prepared to follow him. Every word he said was true.
-Excerpt from Restless Days: A German Girl's Autobiography (1935)
Why do you suppose the people compared Hitler to God?
What feeling might this create in the German people about Hitler and the Nazi party?