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Statement of Inquiry- The actions and influences of prominent historical figures in the world impact our nation.

Lesson 3: Rise of Nazi Germany

Objective: Determine the impact of the Treaty of Versailles and how it provided for the rise of Nazi Germany

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  • Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany

  • Struggles of the Weimer Republic

    • In November 1918, Kaiser William of Germany resigned because .

    • A moderate group took power of the German Government and signed the Treaty ending World War I.

    • They created a democratic republic which because known as the

  • Treaty of Versailles and its impact on Germany

    • The League of Nations was formed.

    • Germany was forced to accept for causing WWI.

    • Germany territorial losses: I

      • In Europe, Germany lost about 25,000 square miles with some six million inhabitants.

      • Lost all her Islands

      • All spheres of influence and colonies in and .

  • Treaty of Versailles and its impact on Germany

    • Military items affecting Germany:

      • The Rhineland was demilitarized

      • Germany army reduced to 100,000 men

      • Navy restricted to 36 vessels (submarines forbidden)

      • Air force prohibited, all planes

      • Large guns and small guns limited

      • Restrictions placed on the production of armaments, and their support and import prohibited

  • Treaty of Versailles and its impact on Germany

    • Germany had to pay huge to the Allies

      • Forced to sell or destroy: ships, railway stock, automotive equipment, farm machinery, livestock, etc.

  • The Weimar’s struggles

    • Political Unrest

    • Many Germans blamed Weimar for signing the Treaty of Versailles.

    • Inflation

      • In order to pay the reparation payments the Weimar government printed huge amounts of marks, paper money.

      • Money became

      • 1924, The U.S. stepped in to help Germany with the Dawes Plan, in which reparation payments were reduced, France withdrew forces from the Rhine and American loans helped with the economy.

  • Dawes Plan and the Great Depression

    • Because of the Dawes Plan, Germany began to prosper

    • Until American fell into the and demanded their loans be paid back

    • Adolf Hitler begins to gain popularity unemployment

  • Adolf Hitler Emerges

    • Born in

    • Hitler fought in the German army during .

    • He despised the Jews, Serbs, Poles, and Weimar Government.

    • After WWI, Hitler is jailed for attempting to overthrow the government

  • Hitler in Jail

    • Hitler was charged with treason.

    • Punishment was usually death.

    • The judge did not like the Weimar Republic

    • Hitler was sentenced to 5 years.

    • He only served 9 months.

  • Mein Kamph (My Struggle)

    • While in jail Hitler wrote

    • In the book he wrote Nazi and ideology

      • Extreme

      • Racism

      • anti-Semitism

    • He blamed socialist, Jews and corrupt politicians

  • Hitler gains support

    • Did not blame the German people for the loss of WWI

    • Hitler found enthusiastic followers/support among who felt frustrated about the future of Germany

      • The Great Depression helped Hitler because

      • His promises to Germany to end reparations create jobs and rearm Germany.

  • Hitler as a leader

    • Hitler gained popularity in the Reichstag, and conservative politicians planned to use him for their own means. Hitler became head of state through legal means.

    • By 1933 Hitler, assumes the role of Chancellor (President)

  • Hitler’s Third Reich

    • Hitler ruled Germany as totalitarian state meaning the Nazi’s controlled all areas of German life

      • From government to religion to schools.

      • Elite, black-uniformed SS troops enforced Hitler’s will.

      • His secret police, the Gestapo got rid of opposition.

    • Hitler begins to rearm Germany

Classroom Activity

  • Hitler Public speaking

    • Listen:

  1. What do you notice about Hitler’s public speaking?

  1. How did people react when he spoke?

. . . On the night of May 10, 1933, thousands of Nazi students, along with many professors, stormed universities, libraries, and bookstores in thirty cities throughout Germany. They removed hundreds of thousands of books and cast them onto bonfires. In Berlin alone, more than twenty thousand books were burned. The book burnings were part of a calculated effort to “purify” German culture. Since April 12, the Nazi German Student Association had been purging libraries, working from lists of books deemed “un-German.” The authors of some of the books were Jews, but most were not. . . .

    • Source: Michael Berenbaum, The World Must Know: The History of the Holocaust as Told in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Little, Brown and Co.

  1. According to Michael Berenbaum, what was one way the Nazi Party attempted to control the thoughts of the German people?

  • Hitler’s Youth

. . . The Hitler Youth movement was formed for the express purpose of creating loyal subjects to the state. By 1935, over three million boys and girls aged 10 and older were enrolled. “We were born to die for Germany” was one of their popular slogans. In addition to a strenuous physical fitness program, they received training in the use of weapons and heard lectures on Nazi ideology.

-Source: Chartock and Spencer eds., Can It Happen Again?, Black Dog & Leventhal

  1. According to the editors of Can It Happen Again?, what was one method used by the Nazi Party to influence the thinking of the young people of Germany?


  • Hitler’s Propaganda

    • Translated: End it now, VOTE Hitler

  1. How is the Nazi party portrayed in the propaganda poster?

  1. What might the Nazis have been referring to in the phase “end it now”?

  1. What do you think the broken chains represent in the poster?

  1. Why did the photographer use children for the picture?

  • Famous Quotations-The Power of Hitler

In this world we believe in Adolf Hitler alone… We believe that there is Lord God in heaven, who has made us, who leads us, who guides us and who visibly blesses us. And we believe that this Lord God has sent us Adolf Hitler, that Germany might be established for all eternity.

-Schulungsbrief, April 1937. Bibl. 1, 35, p. 222 Nathaniel Micklem, National Socialism and the Roman Catholic Church, OUP 1939

He who serves our Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, serves Germany and he who serves Germany, serves God.

-Baldur von Schirach (speech to Hitler Youth, 25 July 1936)

Hitler stood unmoved...The audience was breathless under his spell. This man expressed their thoughts, their feelings, their hopes; a new prophet had arisen- many saw in him already another Christ, who predicted the end of their sufferings and had the power to lead them into the promised land of they were only prepared to follow him. Every word he said was true.

-Excerpt from Restless Days: A German Girl's Autobiography (1935)

  1. Why do you suppose the people compared Hitler to God?

  1. What feeling might this create in the German people about Hitler and the Nazi party?

3-WWII-BC-Rise of Hitler

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