This study project is funded with support from the Energy Foundation (www.ef.org), the Kresge Foundation (www.kresge.org) and the Turner Foundation (www.turnerfoundation.org). The support of these three foundations is greatly appreciated.
American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. (2009). The 2009 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard. Retrieved from http://aceee.org
Chandler, J. and M.A. Brown. (2009). Meta-Review of Efficiency Potential Studies and Their Implications for the South. Retrieved from the Georgia Institute of Technology School of Public Policy website at: www.spp.gatech.edu/faculty/workingpapers/wp51.pdf
A power plant is approximated as a 500 MW power plant as defined by Koomey, J. et al. (2009). Defining a standard metric for electricity savings. Environ. Res. Lett. 4 (2009)
The Wal-Mart equivalencies are calculated using information from Courtemanch, A. and L. Bensheimer. (2005). Environmental Impacts of the Proposed Wal-Mart Supercenter in Potsdam. Conservation Biology
Energy Star. (2009). Save Money and More with ENERGY STAR Qualified Heat Pump Water Heaters. Retrieved from: http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=heat_ pump.pr_savings_benefits
HD-Supply. (2009). HD Supply Utilities offers new GE® hybrid water heater with energy efficiency and demand response capability. Retrieved from: http://www.hdsupply.com/pressroom/downloads/ HD%20Supply%20GE% 20Press%20Release.pdf
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (2008). Benefits of Geothermal Heat Pump Systems. Retrieved from: http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/space_heating_cooling/index.cfm/ mytopic=12660
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Industrial Technologies Program. (2008). Super Boiler: A Super Hero of Steam Generation. http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestpractices/ energymatters/archives/winter2008.html#a265
Energy Information Administration. (2009). State Energy Data System. Retrieved from: http://www.eia.doe.gov/ emeu/states/_seds.html.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2010) Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and selected area, seasonally adjusted (Last modified: January 22, 2010, Accessed: March 9, 2010). http://www.bls.gov/news.release/laus.t03.htm
2007 GSP in 2007$: Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2008). GDP by State. Retrieved from: http://www.bea.gov/ newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/gsp_newsrelease.htm.
Jagged industrial energy consumption, particularly natural gas, in the East South Central division causes the baseline forecast to fluctuate.