State Papers Online – Part III A Resource for German History State Papers Online is an online archive of English/British State documents with Part III covering the 17th century. There is an enormous range of documents available, providing an insight into the people and politics of the various provinces within the Holy Roman Empire, and the devastating religious conflicts that started the Thirty Years War after the Protestant Reformation, with the adoption of the Lutheran church as the official religion in many German states. State Papers Online includes many manuscripts of correspondence between the Royal Houses and nobility of Europe, such as the Prince Electors of Bavaria, Hanover, and Prussia, showing the delicate relationships that influenced this period in history.
Searches performed on the subject of ‘Germany’_________________________________ Search on Full text: “Germany” = hits in 561 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Germans” = hits in 56 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Hamburg” = hits in 1023 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Bohemia” = hits in 648 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Palatinate” = hits in 318 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Brandenburg” = hits in 235 entries with manuscripts
(“Brandenburg*” returns 274 hits)
Search on Full text: “Cologne” = hits in 204 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Bavaria” = hits in 195 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Brunswick” = hits in 561 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Saxony” = hits in 99 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Frankfort” = hits in 81 entries with manuscripts
(with wildcard “Frankf?rt” returns 83 hits)
Search on Full text: “Hesse” = hits in 80 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Hanse” = hits in 51 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Lubeck” = hits in 49 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Baden” = hits in 45 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Hanover” = hits in 42 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Prussia” = hits in 40 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Heidelberg” = hits in 39 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Westphalia” = hits in 14 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Elector” = hits in 693 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Palatine” = hits in 475 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Prince w3 Elector*” = hits in 273 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Elector Palatine” = hits in 168 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Prince Palatine” = hits in 159 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Sophia and Princess/Electress” = hits in 53 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Electress” = hits in 33 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Luther” = hits in 34 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Lutheran” = hits in 21 entries with manuscripts
Search on Full text: “Lutheran*” = hits in 33 entries with manuscripts
Search on Language: “German” = hits in 12 entries with manuscripts
*denotes searches performed where * has followed the search term to ensure instances of both the search term and longer forms of that word, such as ‘Monmouth’ and then ‘Monmouthshire’ have been included in the results
Full text searches on Germany and other aspects of 17th century German history include the following titles with manuscripts:
Germany__________________________________________________________________ “Discourse by a converted Romanist, headed “Consultatio Pontificis de Sacro Bello,” describing the state of Germany…” (undated)
SP 14/11 f.81
Discourse by a converted Romanist, headed “Consultatio Pontificis de Sacro Bello,” describing the state of Germany and the neighbouring nations. The plans of Pope Clement VIII. and the Emperor to put down the evangelical Princes and the reformed religion. The workings of the Jesuits. List of names of the Pope's spies at Rome.
“Opinion against a Spanish match for the Princess of England as dangerous to the life of the King...” (1611)
SP 14/67 f.111
Opinion against a Spanish match for the Princess of England as dangerous to the life of the King…arguing that she should marry into Protestant Germany, and naming the Palatine house as most suitable. (Italian)
“Council of State. Day's Proceedings .” ([May] 1649)
SP 18/1 f.181
Extract from Paul Grebner's prophecy…When the Roman Empire shall be brought to great ruin by the House of Austria, and that house be violently opprest by the Germans and other foreigners,—French, English, Danes, and Swedes,—a horrible, bloody, and cruel war shall arise, with which all Europe shall be amazed, and being diversely rent, shall be subject to notable alterations.
Extract from Paul Grebner’s prophecy. SP 18/1 f.181
“Jas. Hugessen, jun., to Lord Zouch .” (12 Mar. 1621)
SP 14/120 f.27
Wreck of the Ark Noah, a large Hamburg ship, laden with sugar, spices, coin, &c., on the Godwin Sands. Can do nothing with the goods, having incurred his Lordship's displeasure.
“Petition of Heinrick Reck, master of the ship Neptune, of Hamburg, to Prince Rupert” (1643?)
SP 16/498 f.165 The said ship being driven by stormy weather into the Severn, and coming into Hung-road, was seized by some of Sir John Pennington's officers, and stayed a month, to petitioner's great damage. It was bound for Hamburg only, and the money and goods therein belong to merchants of Hamburg and Lubec, as by his letters, bills-of-lading, and other writings will appear…petitioner beseeches your Highness to interpose for release of his ship, money, and goods.
“A short relation of that which John Dury has prosecuted in the work of ecclesiastical pacification in High and Low Germany since the 2nd day of May 1634” (Feb. 1634-5)
SP 16/283 f.215
…The narrative comprises an account of his dealings with the divines of Hamburg, Amsterdam, Leyden, and the Hague, as well as with the Diet at Frankfort, and separately with the ambassadors from Saxony, who abstained from attending the meeting of the diet in which his proposals were discussed. He mentions many of the most celebrated divines of Germany and Holland, and explains their feelings and opinions with reference to Dury's proposal.
“George William, Duke of Brunswick and Luneberg to the King.” (15/25 June 1691)
SP 8/9 f.161
On account of the rumour concerning Hamburg, and the interest be has in its preservation, he has given up his design of going near where the King is, and has resolved to stay in Zell.
Bohemia___________________________________________________________________ “Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia to Archbishop Laud.” (Sept. 5/15 1635)
SP 16/197 f.150
…At that time her son will be in his majority, and in the meantime she will know the opinion of his friends in Germany. She fears it will cause nothing but delays. The Emperor either will deny it or not answer it. She would he would do the first, but she fears he will do the latter, and desire [of] the King, her brother, to have time to take deliberation…How is it possible the Emperor can go back from his word? Having given the investiture to Bavaria…
“Sir Fras. Cottington to [Naunton].” (17 Sept. 1618)
SP 14/104 f.59
Has received his letters of Aug. 9 and 11, informing him of the business of Bohemia, and of Sir Walter Raleigh's intended escape.
“John Dinley to [Sir Thomas Roe].” (14/24 Feb. )
SP 16/534 f.12
…Her Majesty (of Bohemia), the most afflicted of women, and yet the greater for her trials, has passed through fire and water, sighs and tears, though not without some marks of her agony…The Elector of Brandenburg is earnest in the cause, all our doubt is of the Duke of Saxony, lest strife should fall between him and Sweden, for direction of the war. Sir Robert Anstruther has gone by Maestrecht to the Administrator and from him into Saxony, unless the Chancellor prove in his way.
Palatinate:__________________________________________________________________ “Sir Thos Lake to the same [the Earl of Salisbury].” (18 Oct. 1610)
SP 14/57 f.185
Returns Sir Ralph Win wood's letters and other papers, signed, The King pities the Count of Emden and wishes the States to assist him. He defers declaring for the Princes of the German Union, till the administration of the Palatinate be settled between the Dukes of Neuburgh and Deuxponts, Incloses a German letter from the former, for translation.
“List of contributions in defence of the Palatinate” (4 Oct. 1620)
SP 14/117 f.2
List of contributions in defence of the Palatinate,
from noblemen, gentlemen, officers of state,
“List of contributions paid for defence of the Palatinate…”
since Oct. 4, by sundry noblemen and gentlemen; total,
“Account of contributions…” (10 Jan. 1621)
SP 14/119 f.19
Account of contributions from noblemen and gentlemen
towards the defence of the Palatinate; total, 32,361l. 13s.
4d., of which 31,500l. is already paid away.
Brandenburg_______________________________________________________________ “[The Sec. Conway] to Lord Brooke.” (23 Nov. 1624)
SP 14/144 f.6
The French match being concluded, and the dispensation in the hands of the Nuncio, the French King is in earnest about assisting Mansfeldt. The Marquis of Brandenburg is constant to the Prince Palatine. Most of the German princes are longing for a force to countenance their efforts.
“Instructions by Charles II to George Earl of Norwich.” (5/15 Feb. 1652)
SP 18/23 f.81
7. You shall desire our dear sister to give us her advice how to promote our designs in Germany, and which of those Princes she conceives to be best affected to us; and since it is very evident that the Princess Dowager of [Orange], by her influence on the Elector of Brandenburg, and her interest in several other Princes of Germany, will have credit enough to do us good or harm…
“Project given in by the Brandenburg Ambassador…” (6 Jan. 1679)
SP 29/411 f.22a
Project given in by the Brandenburg Ambassador for a peace between Sweden and Brandenburg, of which the most important article is that Sweden should cede to Brandenburg that part of Pomerania which the Elector had conquered and occupied. (Latin)
Further references to the German states and wars________________________________
“[Edmund Rossingham to Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh.] News Letter.” (1 April 1639) SP 16/417 f.6
The lower circles of Saxony have absolutely refused to contribute any assistance to the Emperor to continue the German wars, dismissed the Emperor's ambassador, declared their neutrality with Sweden, and have sent an ambassador to the Emperor to require a general amnesty. The King of Poland and the Marquis of Brandenberg have met in council in Prussia, and have concluded how to lay taxes upon all foreign commodities…
“Frederick, Elector of Prussia, to the King.” (16/26 Mar. 1692)
SP 8/12 f.98
Thanks his Majesty for informing him of his arrival at the Hague. Will inform the King's ministers at the Hague and Field-Marshal Fleming as to his movements and of the operations of the next campaign. Holograph.
Ratification by the King of the treaty concluded at Hanover 20 Dec. last between the King of France and John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg.
“Ernest Augustus Duke of Brunswick
and Lunenburg to the King.”
(3/13 Mar. 1689) SP 8/5 f.7
Letter of credence for the Baron
de Schutz who is sent as an envoy
to congratulate the King on his
accession to the throne.
“The Prince of Waldeck to the King.” (14 April 1689)
SP 8/5 f.37
Enclosing a statement as to the condition of affairs as on the continent. There is some apprehension at Berlin that the Poles may invade Prussia.
“R. Yard to Sir John Williamson.” (6 Aug. 1696)
SP 32/6 f.255
Thoughts are now turned towards Germany, where the siege of Philipsburg will be undertaken. It is late in the year; but Prince Louis of Baden is full of hopes to succeed in it. This is yet only an intention, and is not publicly spoken of.
“Review of the troops of Hanover.” (13 Aug. 1692)
SP 8/12 f.233
Review of the troops of Hanover.
“Paper by Durie, headed S. R.” ([4 Feb. 1632?])
SP 16/534 f.8
…The armies are thus divided—The Landgrave William of Hesse is with 14,000 men in Westphalia pursuing Gronsfeld, who is not far from Dusseldorf, with 5,000 men or thereabout. Baudisson is a little below Coblenb, with a small army, which now Birkefeld [von Birkenfeld] is going to command. Kniphausen is in the land of Brunswick; the Chancellor Oxenstiern is gathering troops about Halle; there is an army in Silesia, partly Swedish, partly Saxon, of about 30,00, and another marching towards Bamberg out of Saxony, under Duke Bernard of Weimar, who is sickly. There are troops sufficient hereabouts to block up Heidelberg and keep the Elsass, and the Field-Marshal is in Bavaria with a victorious army…We hope that in a few days Heidelberg will be rendered to Prince Ludovic, and that some, such as Wolfenbuttel and Hamelin in Brunswick, will be forced to seek conditions at last. You may tell S. R. that the King of Sweden never published any edict against the Calvinists, but all the evil they got was that in the Palatinate some Lutherans were brought in by authority in places where a congregation of Lutherans had been formerly.
“Plan of Bavarian and Luneburg batteries.”
(1691) SP 8/11
Plan of Bavarian and Luneburg batteries.
“Lady Elizabeth Palatine to Sir Thomas Row.” (17 Aug. 1641) SP 16/483 f.109
I have ever thought the Diet but a comedy, where the
chief actors, the Electors and Princes of Germany,
think themselves great and powerful men upon the
stage, but off will find they are all servants to the
House of Austria;
“Proposition of the Elector Palatine Charles Louis to the King.” (7 Mar. 1640–41)
SP 16/478 f.37
…1. That it would please his Majesty, in the preamble of the foresaid treaty of confederation with the States of the United Provinces, a declaration might be inserted, that one of the principal ends aimed at by his Majesty is the resettlement of public liberty, oppressed in Germany, and especially of the Prince Elector Palatine and his house in all their possessions, rights, and dignities. 2. That there may be an express article to comprehend the entire restitution of the Elector Palatine and his house in any their general or particular treaties either of peace or alliance…
“Charles Louis Elector Palatine to Sir Thomas Roe.” (15 July 1640)
SP 16/460 f.25
I have charged the bearer to acquaint you with all that passed in my affairs here, and to take your advice upon them.
“Maximilian Emmanuel, Elector of Bavaria, to the King.” (19/29 Mar. 1691)
SP 8/9 f.42
Asks if he will use his influence to obtain the government of Flanders for him; he says that the Court of Spain will present the most difficulties to prevent his obtaining it. Hopes that the States General will consider that he has not only made himself useful, but essential to the public good…Discusses the means of establishing communication between the various heads of affairs in the war.
“Sophia, Electress of Hanover, to the King.” (8 Feb. 1691)
SP 8/8 f.135
Though my heart is full of grief at the loss of my second son [Frederick Augustus] I nevertheless express my joy on hearing of your safe arrival in Holland. I hope that you may soon accomplish everything to your satisfaction, and I have charged the Chevalier de Klenck to assure you of my sentiments and to tell you how grieved I am that I cannot come myself to see you. Holograph.
“Council of State. Day's Proceedings.” (13 April 1649)
SP 18/1 f.109
Princess Sophia to her brother Prince Rupert. We
have no news about “Rupert the devil” except what
comes out in print. My brother the Prince Elector is
here, and cares no more for those cursed people in
England, for he has done his duty to the King, which
he might have avoided, as his affairs require him at
Luther/Lutheran____________________________________________________________ “Notes on the doctrines of Luther and others…” ([undated] 1607?)
SP 14/28 f.222
Notes on the doctrines of Luther and others, relating to inherent and imputed righteousness,
“[Sir Thos. Roe] to Archbishop Abbot.” (20 July 1633)
SP 16/243 f.31
…The Churches of Sedan, Strasburg, and Nuremberg will shortly write to the Archbishop and the Bishop of London to move his Majesty to take the protection of so blessed a work. Letters from other Churches of Germany Mr. Durie will bring with him…instruction to him to negotiate with the Elector who is the first prince of the Lutheran confession…The temporal estate of the Protestant Princes could never be secure unless fenced by this union of ecclesiastical peace.
“Sir Thomas Roe to Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia.” (22 Oct. 1635)
SP 16/300 f.44
…Comments in very indignant terms upon the treaty between the Elector of Saxony and the Emperor. In the treaty between Poland and the Swedes thinks he sees revenge preparing. The Duke of Saxony can never be safe in adding greatness to the house of Austria, nor will they, the Pope or the Jesuits, more pardon a Lutheran (for Luther opened the departure) than a Calvinist, who did but refine and not make the breach…
“John Durie to Sir Thomas Roe.” (24 Aug. 1634)
SP 16/273 f.153
…The Lutherans of all sides, except Saxony, give him satisfaction. These have separate counsels from all the rest. They are not like to upon the point of satisfaction which the crown of Sweden for the chancellor demands Pomerania, besides the charges of defrayed, and a perpetual league betwixt Sweden and Germany.
“Copy of part of a letter [from Sir Thomas Roe] to the Bishop of Durham, concerning the affairs of Germany and the treaty of ecclesiastical peace.” (29 July 1634)
SP 16/534 f.241
I observe very specious intentions on the part of the Emperor to take off the Duke of Saxony…the Princes must take protection of the King of France, which would be a great evil to the Church and the Palatinate…Concerning the ecclesiastical, and peace of the churches, you will see the malice of the writing [Dr. Hoe's treatise] seeming to be made to satisfy the Elector in conscience but indeed striking at any accord, temporal or spiritual. Mr. Dury thinks it will do good; that the Lutherans are displeased at it…
German language___________________________________________________________ “Six certificates of Jungen Huckfeldt of Hamburg.” ([Nov.] 1625)
SP 16/522 f.87a
Six certificates of Jungen Huckfeldt of Hamburg. (German)
“Copies, in French and German, of letters from various writers on the subject of the proposed peace.” ([undated 1696])
SP 8/16 f.246
Copies, in French and German, of letters from various writers on the subject of the proposed peace.
“Council of State. Day's Proceedings” (13 April 1649)
SP 18/1 f.111
Princess Sophia to Prince Maurice. The Prince Elector is hero, and is now altogether, as we are, against the knaves; he will soon go to his country. Peace in France is made. My brother Edward has taken no employment….With note of compliment from Charles Louis, Elector Palatine. (German)
“Copies and extracts of letters from D'Avaux, Secretary Klippe, the King of France, Meyercron, the King of Denmark, and Bonrepos…” (Jan. 1697)
SP 8/16 f.476
Copies and extracts of letters from D'Avaux, Secretary Klippe, the King of France, Meyercron, the King of Denmark, and Bonrepos, dealing with the negociations for, and prospects of, peace. (French and German)
“Extracts from three letters from d'Avaux, Meyercron and Menken…” ()
SP 8/17 f.165
Extracts from three letters from d'Avaux, Meyercron and Menken, touching matters connected with the negotiations for peace. (French and German)
Clare Gazzard for Julia de Mowbray
Please contact Julia de Mowbray with any questions (firstname.lastname@example.org)