Standard 1 pass review Multiple Choice



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Name_________________ Date__________
Standard 1 PASS Review
Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. During the early 1500s, the coast of South Carolina became one of the first areas of the New World to be explored by the French and Spanish. Which of the following geographic features made it easy for Europeans to arrive to South Carolina?


a.

South Carolina is bordered to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.


b.

The Coastal Regions of South Carolina are extremely flat.


c.

A number of Native American trails cross through the mountains of South Carolina.


d.

The Mississippi River runs near the western part of the South Carolina.

____ 2. In the early 18th century, the city of Charleston became one of the leading port cities in the country. It remains a major port city today.


Which of the following geographic features of Charleston makes it such an effective port city?


a.

Charleston is located in the center of the state, making it a logical place for shipping goods across the state and nation.


b.

Charleston is close to the Atlantic Ocean, so goods can arrive to the port from anywhere in the world.


c.

Charleston is one of the industrial centers of the nation, so it is important that the goods produced in the city can be shipped to other areas of the world.


d.

It rarely snows in Charleston, so the docks can stay open all year long.

____ 3. It is believed that the Natives reached North America by crossing a land bridge at the Bering Strait (between Alaska and Russia). Today it is covered with water.


Which of the following explains why the Natives were able to cross it 15,000 years ago?


a.

Even today, the Bering Strait is less than one mile wide, and a person can easily swim across it.


b.

It was during the Ice Age, which lowered sea levels and gave the Natives a solid foundation of ice and sand to walk across.


c.

It is believed that a major drought dried up the Bering Strait for a period of several decades, and the Natives came over during that time.


d.

The Bering Strait is a man-made canal created in the last century. When the Natives crossed it in pre-historic times, it was a solid land mass.

____ 4. The arrival of European settlers in the 16th and 17th century resulted in a drastic decline of the Native American population.


Which of the following best explains why the Native Americans suffered such a drop in population?


a.

Disease (such as smallpox) brought by the Europeans were deadly to the Natives.


b.

Upon arrival, the Europeans immediately killed thousands of Natives (both for security and for recreation).


c.

Frustrated that their homeland was being overrun, the Natives moved to other areas.


d.

The Native Americans quickly intermixed with the European community until there was no distinction between the Natives and European settlers.

____ 5. Some time after 5,000 BC, Native Americans stopped living a nomadic lifestyle and began living in small villages for longer periods of time. Which of the following occurrences made this development possible?




a.

Freedom from disease (as immune systems grew stronger, Natives found that it was easier to survive in one location)


b.

A knowledge of agriculture (this enabled food to brown in one location for extended periods of time)


c.

Change in weather (a warmer climate helped Natives stay in one area without having to run from cold weather)


d.

Destruction of enemies (the stronger tribes were able to gain military victories, which enabled them to lead a more relaxed lifestyle)

____ 6. During the 18th century, the number of Native American tribes in South Carolina drastically decreased. In many cases, the tribes were destroyed by European diseases.


Aside from disease, which of the following is another reason why the number of Native American tribes dropped so much?


a.

After being introduced to the technology and culture of the European settlers, most Native American children refused to carry on their heritage.


b.

As populations decreased, smaller Native American tribes combined with larger tribes to avoid complete distinction.


c.

Most of the friendly Native American tribes set aside their customs and traditions and united with the European settlers.


d.

The majority of the Native American tribes in South Carolina moved to other areas of the country when the Europeans arrived.

____ 7. Before the arrival of Europeans to America, it is believed that between 10 and 15 million Native Americans lived in the United States. Comparing that with the population in the United States today, which of the following is true?




a.

There were vast areas of sparsely populated and unoccupied land when the Native Americans lived in the United States before the Europeans arrived.


b.

Despite the struggles of Native Americans since the arrival of Europeans, their population has actually increased over the past three centuries.


c.

There were nearly as many Native Americans in the United States at the time as there are people living in country today.


d.

The population of South Carolina today is greater than the number of Native Americans living in the United States prior to the arrival of Europeans.

____ 8. When the first European explorers arrived in South Carolina, they found that there were other people already living in the area. Who were they?




a.

European merchants who were gathering valuable natural resources in the area.

b.

Other Europeans who had originally settled in Barbados, but had traveled north to find better farmland.

c.

Castaways from pirate ships and other boats that were sailing up and down the Atlantic.

d.

Local Native American tribes who had lived in the area for generations.

____ 9. What main advantage did the British explorers to South Carolina in the 1600s have over the French and Spanish explorers of the 1500s?




a.

The English had more respect for the Native Americans living in South Carolina.

b.

The English had a better knowledge of the New World because the French and Spanish had already explored parts of it.

c.

Navigational technology had drastically improved from the 16th century to the 17th century.

d.

The Spanish and French explorers lacked experience, and were not committed to learning about South Carolina and the Americas.

____ 10. Christopher Columbus discovered the New World in 1492, and several European explorations took place over the next several decades. Why were there no serious explorations to the New World before that time?




a.

A competitive spirit among European nations, along with new navigational tools, prompted the "Age of Exploration" in the 15th century.

b.

By the mid-15th century, there were several European settlements on the American continent, but only in South America. Columbus was the first to discover what would later be the United States.

c.

Climatic changes during the Middle Ages altered the tides of the Atlantic Ocean. Prior to that time, it was impossible to sail from Europe to America with 15th century technology.

d.

Hundreds of explorers traveled to the New World before Columbus, but none returned. That's why the people of Europe thought the world was flat (they believed that the explorers had fallen off the edge).

____ 11. The population of the Aztec Civilization decreased rapidly when the Spanish arrived in present-day Mexico during the 16th century. Which of the following was the leading reason why the Aztec population declined so quickly?




a.

Frustrated that their homeland was being overrun, Aztecs moved to other areas, and eventually settled in South America (present-day Argentina).

b.

Diseases (such as smallpox) brought by the Spanish were deadly to Aztecs.

c.

The Aztec population quickly intermixed with the Spanish community until there was no distinction between the Natives and European settlers.

d.

Upon arrival, the Spanish immediately killed thousands of Aztecs to send a message to other natives in the area.

____ 12. In 1562, the French build a fort named Charlesfort near present-day Parris Island in South Carolina. The fort, however, was abandoned in less than a year. Which of the following explains the primary reason why the French abandoned Charlesfort?




a.

They were not prepared for the harsh and snowy winters of South Carolina.

b.

They ran out of supplies, and were going to starve to death if they remained.

c.

They were under heavy attack from the local Native Americans.

d.

They returned to Europe to bring additional settlers back to Charlesfort, but they never returned.

____ 13. Jean Ribault was a French explorer who attempted to establish a settlement on the coast of South Carolina. In 1562, Ribault traveled to France to get new supplies for his settlement. What was going on in France at the time that delayed Ribault's return to the New World?




a.

The poor citizens of France were rebelling against the rich monarchy.

b.

A major war was raging in France between the Catholics and the Hugeunots (or French Protestants).

c.

France was suffering from a series of great storms, which made it impossible for Ribault to sail back to the New World.

d.

The French government had no money because it had attempted to fund so many failed settlements in the New World.

____ 14. By the late 17th century, the religious beliefs of English citizens differed from that of the rest of Europe. Which of the following is true about religion in England and Europe during that time?




a.

The English were Catholic; most of Europe was Protestant.

b.

The English were Protestant; most of Europe was Catholic.

c.

Most English citizens did not believe in God; the rest of Europe was Catholic.

d.

Most English citizens did not believe in God; the rest of Europe was Protestant.

____ 15. In 1584, a group sent by Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to form a colony in Roanoke (in the Outer Banks of present-day North Carolina). This group later disappeared, and has since been known as the Lost Colony. What happened to these colonists?




a.

They were attacked and slaughtered by Native Americans in the area.

b.

They intermixed with the local Native Americans, and eventually became part of the tribes.

c.

Nobody knows for sure what happened to the lost colonists.

d.

They tried to return to England for more supplies, but never made it.

____ 16. The city of Charleston sits between the Ashley River and the Cooper River. How did these two rivers get their names?




a.

They were named for two 17th century Kings of England.

b.

They were named for one of the Lords Proprietors who helped establish a settlement in the area.

c.

They were named for the two largest rice and indigo plantations in Charleston during colonial times.

d.

They were named for Native American tribes that lived in the area.

____ 17. The first settlements in South Carolina began to thrive in the 1680s. Which of the following is true about other settlements in America during that time?




a.

There were a few English settlements on the West coast (in present-day California) but the middle portion of the country was largely unoccupied.

b.

Many settlements further north, such as Jamestown and Boston, had already been established for several decades.

c.

While there were several million people in America, the population in all of South Carolina was just over 100,000 people.

d.

The largest English settlements at the time were in Florida.

____ 18. When it was originally settled, South Carolina was known as a "Proprietary Colony." What did this mean?




a.

South Carolina was not ruled directly by the King of England, but was instead ruled by a group of Lords Proprietors.

b.

South Carolina was the top priority of England, while the colonies in Virginia and Massachusetts became less significant.

c.

South Carolina settlers received a certain amount of property upon arriving to the new area.

d.

South Carolina only allowed citizens from a "proper" family to join the new settlements, helping it to become more civilized than earlier colonies.

____ 19. Native Americans were not the only threat to the first English settlers in South Carolina. Which of the following was also a great danger to South Carolinians during the late 1600s?




a.

The Aztecs--after being chased out of Mexico by Spanish settlers, the Aztec civilization attempted to move North and settle in South Carolina.

b.

The Spanish--the Spanish had settlements across Florida and in the South, and they did not want the English to build colonies in Carolina.

c.

African slaves--In 1680, the slave population in South Carolina greatly outnumbered the white population, which created the possibility of a slave revolt.

d.

Other American colonists--the settlements in Virginia and Massachusetts felt threatened by a colony in South Carolina and attempted to halt attempts to settle the area.

____ 20. Aside from creating a convenient timber industry, the abundant forests in South Carolina were also a source of naval stores. These were products distilled from the tree, like pitch and tar.


Why were these "naval stores" so valuable?


a.

Pitch and tar were used as a dye in fabrics.

b.

Pitch and tar were used to waterproof wooden ships.

c.

Pitch and tar were used as fertilizers on rice plantations.

d.

Pitch and tar were used as gunpowder in early muskets.

____ 21. European nations established colonies in the New World because they were relying on an economic system known as mercantilism. Which of the following "rules of thumb" provides the best summary of the theory of mercantilism?




a.

the bigger the population, the stronger the economy

b.

it's best to import raw materials and export finished products

c.

don't ever trade with nation's that are economic competitors

d.

human labor is cheaper than raw materials

____ 22. What was the purpose of Slave Codes during the early years of South Carolina's settlement?




a.

To protect the settlers from Native Americans

b.

To promote religious discipline in the new settlements.

c.

To prevent the large number of African slaves from rebelling against the plantation owners.

d.

To prevent plantation owners from abusing their African slaves.

____ 23. In the early 18th century, one of the largest threats along the Atlantic Coast was piracy. Which of the following describes the type of crime that the pirates usually committed?




a.

Pirates bribed government officials, thus determining which laws were passed in South Carolina.

b.

Pirates came into coastal towns under the cover of darkness and destroyed many of the public buildings before returning to the sea.

c.

Pirates raided merchant ships and stole whatever goods that the ship was carrying.

d.

Pirates spied on the local militias, and then sold the information to Spanish settlers who planned to invade South Carolina.

____ 24. Both pirates and privateers seized merchant ships that they came across their path in the Atlantic Ocean. They were not the same, however.


Which of the following points out the difference between pirates and privateers?


a.

Pirates sailed in the Atlantic Ocean. Privateers sailed in the Pacific Ocean.

b.

Pirates stole out of greed. Privateers were hired by a national government to interfere with merchant ships.

c.

Pirates were English-speaking. Privateers were Spanish-speaking.

d.

Pirates were interested in the goods that the ships were carrying (which they sold for profit). Privateers were interested in members of the crew (which they used for labor).

____ 25. In 1710, the Tuscarora Native American tribe began attacking settlers in North Carolina. A couple of years later, South Carolinians sent troops to crush the rebellion.


Which of the following explains why they agreed to send troops even though nobody in South Carolina had been killed and the rebellion was not an immediate threat to the colony?


a.

Most of the settlers in South Carolina had moved from North Carolina within the past two decades. They were determined to defend their home turf.

b.

South Carolinians knew that a victory for Native Americans in any colony would only unite the Natives in South Carolina to rebel against the white population.

c.

The land used to create the colony of South Carolina was purchased from North Carolina. By helping in the Tuscarora War, South Carolinians were able to erase this debt.

d.

The Tuscarora nation was so large that, if it was victorious in North Carolina, it would would immediately try to overtake the colony of South Carolina.

____ 26. Pirates were such a threat to colonists in the Carolinas, that they were usually sentenced to death (by hanging) when they were captured. Often times, the pirates were left hanging for several days before their bodies were removed and buried.


Why did the colonists do this?


a.

To send a message to other pirates.

b.

To give the water time to reach high tide, at which point the pirate's body was thrown into the sea.

c.

To allow the pirate's family to visit the dead body.

d.

To make sure that the pirate was really dead.

____ 27. In the early 1700s, most South Carolinians wanted to switch from a Proprietary Government (ruled by the Lords Proprietors) to a Royal Government (ruled by the King of England). However, not everyone shared this view.


Which of the following would be a logical argument for supporting the Proprietary Government?


a.

The Lords Proprietors are all experienced military leaders and can offer solid protection against Native Americans and Spanish invaders.

b.

The Lords Proprietors, who live in England, do not get involved in everyday affairs, which allows the colonists to do as they please.

c.

The Lords Proprietors do not have to answer to the King of England, which means that the colonies are free from English rule.

d.

The Lords Proprietors allow slavery to exist in the colonies. The King of England will not tolerate it.

____ 28. It took ten years for the Royal Government to officially take over from the Proprietary Government in South Carolina in the early 1700s. Which of the following explains why it took this long?




a.

At the same time that South Carolinians were pushing for a Royal Government, the United Kingdom was pushing for a new King. The colonists had to wait until the debate in England was settled.

b.

Arguments over government were still raging in South Carolina. To avoid a revolution, the Royal Government waited until it could peacefully purchase the colony from the Lords Proprietors.

c.

The Royal Charter that gave the Lords Proprietors control of South Carolina had to expire before the Royal Government could begin.

d.

The Lords Proprietors refuse to give up control of South Carolina. The Royal Government had to wait until all of the Lords Proprietors had died before it could step in.

____ 29. When the Royal Government took over in South Carolina, it established a number of townships across the colony. All settlers who moved into these townships received free land, tools, and even food for a certain time period.


Why did the government do this?


a.

To ease tensions between the Lowcountry of South Carolina and the Back Country.

b.

To demonstrate the new authority of the Royal Government by forcing people to live in areas other than Charles Town.

c.

To keep the Native Americans under control after the Yamassee War.

d.

To encourage new settlers to move into different parts of South Carolina (usually further inland than Charles Town).

____ 30. Which of the following statements is true about the changes in South Carolina's population between 1720 and 1760?




a.

South Carolina's "Back Country" went from having virtually no white population to being the home to several thousand people.

b.

The number of Catholic colonists became greater than the number of Protestant colonists as more settlers came from nations other than England.

c.

The African American population dropped rapidly as African slaves headed North to escape the cruelties of slavery.

d.

The population in the Low Country decreased as settlers moved to areas further inland.

____ 31. In the mid-1700s, the Royal Government offered free land and tools to settlers who moved into the nine Townships that it had created. While many settlers took advantage of this, other settlers chose to move to areas where the government gave them nothing in return.


Why did they do this?


a.

The townships were not always in the best locations, so many settlers moved to areas along the rivers or ocean, or to where there was better farmland.

b.

In exchange for free land and tools, the settlers who moved to the townships also had to serve for a certain time period in the Colonial Army.

c.

The government promised free land, but it rarely upheld its promise. It was cheaper and easier to purchase land on your own.

d.

The townships were created primarily to defend against the Native Americans, so they were always established in territories where the risk of Native American attack was the greatest.

____ 32. During the 18th century, the Southern colonies (such as Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas) were making profits by growing rice, indigo, cotton, and tobacco. How did these different crops shape the economy in these colonies in the same way?




a.

They all were useless to the colonists, but became very valuable when shipped to Europe.

b.

They all grew during different seasons of the year, enabling farmers to make money at all times.

c.

They all depleted the soil in a similar way, making it impossible to grow any other crops.

d.

They all were grown on large plantations, which required slave labor.

____ 33. South Carolina's Lowcountry was known for its high standard of living during the 18th century. However, despite the wealth, there were not many schools for the rich to send their children.


How was this problem overcome?


a.

The wealthy sent their children to Columbia and the Upstate of South Carolina to attend school.

b.

The wealthy used slaves to teach their children how to read and write.

c.

The wealthy hired private tutors or sent their children to Europe to go to school.

d.

The wealthy sent their children on a "tour" of the American colonies, where they were accompanied by a "traveling teacher."

____ 34. The Great Awakening religious revival had more of an impact in the Back Country of South Carolina than in the Lowcountry. Why was this the case?




a.

The leaders of the Movement refused to visit Charleston because they protested the art, music, and other "social excesses" of the city.

b.

There was no need for the Movement to come to the Lowcountry because it was already the most religious city in North America.

c.

The preaching style of the Movement appealed more to the "common man," and the preachers were often shunned by the more established and educated citizens of the Lowcountry.

d.

The majority of the population in Charleston was Jewish or Catholic, neither of which would welcome Methodist preachers.

____ 35. Which of the following statements is true about the population in the Lowcountry of South Carolina in the year 1750?




a.

The population in Charleston was lower than it had been since 1700 because of competition from other port cities like Savannah, Mobile, and New Orleans.

b.

For the first time in South Carolina's history, the population in the Back Country outnumbered the population in the Lowcountry.

c.

The population of Native Americans in the area was at an all-time high, and continuing to rise.

d.

African slaves outnumbered the white population almost 2 to 1.

____ 36. By the mid-1700s, it was becoming apparent that South Carolina was an agricultural colony, while the colonies in New England were leaning towards industry. Why was this the case?




a.

The Royal Government in South Carolina required each citizen to devote a certain amount of his land to agriculture.

b.

Slavery was legal in South Carolina and the other Southern colonies. It was illegal in New England.

c.

The soil in South Carolina was more suited to farming than rocky ground in New England.

d.

Developing industry was expensive, and South Carolina was one of the poorest colonies.

____ 37. In 1763, the British and French signed the Treaty of Paris, thus ending the French and Indian War. Which of the following describes the most significant result of this conflict?




a.

It created a friendship between the English and French that would be a key factor during the American Revolution.

b.

It forced the American colonists to build a great military that was able to overpower the British during the American Revolution.

c.

It ended all land disputes with white settlers and the Native Americans (who had sided with the French and lost the war)

d.

It established England as the dominant European presence in North America.

____ 38. Like the Lowcountry, many of the settlers in the Back Country relied on agriculture to make a living. Which of the following describes the difference between most Lowcountry farmers and Back Country farmers?




a.

Lowcountry farmers used mostly African slaves for labor; Back Country farmers used mostly Native American slaves for labor.

b.

Lowcountry farmers allowed the use of slave labor; Back Country farmers outlawed the use of slave labor.

c.

Lowcountry farmers grew crops like indigo and cotton; Back Country farmers did not grow crops, but raised livestock like cows and pigs.

d.

Lowcountry farmers often owned huge plantations with many slaves; Back Country farmers owned small farms with very few or no slaves.

____ 39. As more colonists came to the Back Country of South Carolina, they began to settle in lands that belonged to the Catawba Indian nation. Which of the following is the best summary of the Catawba's resistance to the settlements?




a.

Despite being outmanned, the Catawba put up a fierce fight against the white settlers. It lasted until the tribe was completely killed off.

b.

They became friendly with the white settlers and were able to negotiate a land treaty that limited new white settlements to a small reservation.

c.

They had less than 1,000 warriors, and most of them were killed off by smallpox, so they had little choice but to cooperate with the white settlements.

d.

They sided with the French, which warded off settlers in the Back Country until after the American Revolution.

____ 40. In 1763 and 1766, representatives from the Southern American colonies and the five major Native American nations met to discuss which of the following topics?




a.

What land should be reserved for Native Americans as the white settlers moved into the Back Country.

b.

How the Native Americans and white colonists can join forces to chase away French settlers.

c.

Whether or not to give Native Americans the right to vote in political elections in South Carolina.

d.

How long it would take the Native Americans to move out of South Carolina after being defeated in the French and Indian War.

____ 41. As more settlers flocked to the Back Country during the 1760s, concerned citizens launched the Regulator Movement. What was the purpose of this movement?




a.

To monitor the heavy immigration in the area and make sure that new settlers did not have smallpox or other dangerous diseases.

b.

To create a way for new settlers to quickly and easily communicate and do business with colonists in the Lowcountry.

c.

To put an end to crime and disorder in the area, and establish the control of government.

d.

To form an organized military to defend against the Native Americans.

____ 42. What type of climate does South Carolina have?




a.

Subtropical

b.

Tundra

c.

Tropical

d.

Frigid

____ 43. South Carolina is located on the:




a.

Southern Atlantic Coast

b.

Northern Atlantic Coast

c.

Midwestern Coast

d.

Gulf Coast

____ 44. This region of South Carolina contains the richest farmland:




a.

Outer Coastal Region

b.

Blue Ridge

c.

Piedmont

d.

Inner Coastal Plain

____ 45. Which of the following was the greatest killer of Native Americans in South Carolina during the 16th and 17th centuries?




a.

Poor diet and living conditions

b.

Changing climate conditions in the state

c.

New diseases brought by Europeans

d.

Wars between Natives and Europeans

____ 46. To reach North America, the Native Americans probably crossed the:




a.

Strait of Magellan

b.

Atlantic Ocean

c.

Pacific Ocean

d.

Bering Strait

____ 47. Native Americans began to settle into permanent villages when they:




a.

started to become food-producers.

b.

started to become traders.

c.

started to become hunters.

d.

started to become food-gatherers.

____ 48. A treaty between which two countries created the Line of Demarcation, thus dividing the New World between the two nations in the late 15th century?




a.

Portugal and Spain

b.

England and France

c.

Spain and France

d.

France and Portugal

____ 49. The Inca Empire was conquered by which Spanish explorer?




a.

Balboa

b.

Pizarro

c.

Ribault

d.

Cortes

____ 50. The man who started the Protestant Reformation in Europe during the early 1500s was:




a.

Hernando DeSoto

b.

Martin Luther

c.

John Calvin

d.

Prince Henry

____ 51. The Huguenots (French Protestants) were interested in South Carolina in part because they:




a.

wanted a safe place to live.

b.

wanted to conquer the Native Americans.

c.

wanted to fight the English.

d.

wanted to search for gold.

____ 52. In the 1560s, this Spanish town was established on the land that is present-day Parris Island, South Carolina.




a.

Santa Fe

b.

Santa Elena

c.

San Miguel

d.

St. Augustine

____ 53. The primary reason that the Puritans came to America had to do with:




a.

Religion

b.

Land grants

c.

Political gain

d.

Adventure

____ 54. The first permanent English settlement in America was located in which of the following colonies?




a.

Carolina

b.

Virginia

c.

Massachusetts

d.

Pennsylvania

____ 55. Planters in Colonial Virginia grew wealthy by growing which crop?




a.

Indigo

b.

Tobacco

c.

Rice

d.

Cotton

____ 56. Just as it is today, the English law making body during colonial times was known as:




a.

the House of Burgesses

b.

the Privy Council

c.

the Star Chamber

d.

the Parliament

____ 57. Lord Baltimore was the proprietor of which of the following colony?




a.

Maryland

b.

Carolina

c.

Massachusetts

d.

New Hampshire

____ 58. As a result of strange circumstances, the colony on Roanoke Island is commonly known as the:




a.

Separatist Colony

b.

Proprietary Colony

c.

Lost Colony

d.

Protestant Colony

____ 59. The first permanent English settlement in the New World was established in the year:




a.

1407

b.

1707

c.

1607

d.

1507

____ 60. While it wasn't realized at the time, the year 1619 was a major milestone in the American South. That year, a Dutch ship came to Jamestown with a shipment of:




a.

Gunpowder

b.

Women

c.

Cotton

d.

Africans

____ 61. An English colony that was established as a Royal Colony was:




a.

ruled by a corporation.

b.

ruled by the king.

c.

ruled by parliament.

d.

ruled by several individuals.

____ 62. Early in South Carolina's history, colonists shipped which of the following goods to the West Indies?




a.

beef and Native American slaves

b.

rum and sugar

c.

beef and sugar

d.

navel stores and barrel staves

____ 63. Written in 1669, the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina called for the:




a.

establishment of a new colony.

b.

creation of a Carolina nobility.

c.

establishment of the Church of England.

d.

creation of a new monarchy.

____ 64. The largest slave revolt of the 18th century took place on September 9, 1739. It was known as:




a.

St. Augustine Rebellion

b.

Nat Turner's Rebellion

c.

Stono Rebellion

d.

Santee Rebellion

____ 65. The Navigation Acts were designed to be enforced by the:




a.

Custom Official.

b.

Royal Governor.

c.

Colonial Legislature.

d.

Royal Navy.

____ 66. Known as "Blackbeard," this pirate's real name was:




a.

Nicholas Trott

b.

Stede Bonnet

c.

Richard Worley

d.

Edward Teach

____ 67. Which of the following Native American tribes from North Carolina became the sixth nation to join the Iroquois Confederation?




a.

Cherokee

b.

Westos

c.

Yamassee

d.

Tuscarora

____ 68. Which of the following was a major cause of the Yamassee War in the early 1700s?




a.

European settlers moving into lands claimed by the Yamassee

b.

A major crop failure

c.

British troops being sent to Carolina by the Parliament

d.

Outbreak of diseases among the Native Americans

____ 69. The Lord Proprietors failed to defend South Carolina from which of the following threats?




a.

Spanish, pirates, Native Americans

b.

French, indentured servants, African slaves

c.

African slaves, pirates, Spanish

d.

Native Americans, French, indentured servants

____ 70. How many white South Carolina settlers lost their lives in the Yamassee War?




a.

400

b.

4,000

c.

40,000

d.

40

____ 71. The Big House on a colonial plantation referred to the:




a.

planter's house

b.

sick bay

c.

plantation store

d.

slave quarters

____ 72. Which of the following women was one of the first female printers in America?




a.

Elizabeth Timothy

b.

Eliza Lucas Pinckney

c.

Rebecca Motte

d.

Henrietta Johnson

____ 73. By the mid-1700s, the two largest groups of non-English whites in the American colonies were the:




a.

Germans and French

b.

Scotch-Irish and Dutch

c.

Germans and Scotch-Irish

d.

French and Spanish

____ 74. The Scotch-Irish left Northern Ireland during the 18th century as a result of:




a.

religious persecution

b.

high taxes and rent

c.

deadly epidemics

d.

drought and crop failure

____ 75. In 1763, the Treaty of Augusta provided a reservation for which of the following Native American tribes?




a.

Cherokee

b.

PeeDee

c.

Catawba

d.

Santee




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