Stalin and the soviet economy



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STALIN AND THE SOVIET ECONOMY

Background
We are fifty to a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years. Either we will do it, or they crush us”.
Stalin – 1931.

What is the significance of when Stalin said this ?
The famous quotation from Stalin shown above reflects the

Reality that his economic policy had one aim – the modernisation of the Soviet Union. Hence, whilst it had two dominant themes…..




  1. Collectivisation of farming

and

  1. Industrialisation

These were in fact two sides of the same policy. As such, the collectivisation of farming which ended the peasant proprietorship of the NEP was intended to serve the needs of the industrialisation drive, which began with the first Five Year Plan in 1928. In 1929 Stalin defined collectivisation as….

the setting up of Kolkozy and Sovkhovy in order to squeeze out capitalist elements of the land”




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