Stage 2: Prepare your report



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Stage 2: Prepare your report
Use your research table and the original sources in the case studies to help you answer this question.

Should President Truman authorise the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?





  1. Is the atom bomb likely to work? What are the differences in conditions between the test and the proposed attack on Japan?


  1. Are Hiroshima and Nagasaki military targets or will the main casualties be civilians? Could the bomb be used on an alternative target?


  1. What effect will this attack have on the people living in Hiroshima and Nagasaki?


  1. If conventional bombing that killed many thousands of Japanese civilians did not make them surrender, why will the atomic bomb be different?


  1. Will the Japanese surrender anyway, without the need to use atomic weapons?


  1. How will the Japanese be defeated without using the atomic bomb? At what cost in lives & resources?


  1. Will it be a waste if the USA doesn’t use the weapon they have spent so much time and money on?


  1. Japanese soldiers have committed war crimes against prisoners of war and people in occupied countries. Does that affect your decision about using the atomic bomb on them?


  1. The Japanese started the war by bombing Pearl Harbour. Do you think the American people will mind if you use the atomic bomb on Japanese people?


  1. What message will this send to the USSR, your ally in the war but soon to be your rival when the war is over? What message will it send to the world?





  1. What options can Truman take other than using the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?


  1. What is your final recommendation?






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