PURPOSE OF THE WORK:
The objective is to restore the area’s heritage, in this case the
defensive elements in the “P Line”, with a view to offering them
to pilgrims and hikers in general as a mountain refuge. The
buildings to be restored are adjacent to one of the Camino de
Santiago’s variants (known as the Paseo de los Melancуlicos)
which recently received legal recognition from the Aragonese
Regional Government as forming part of the Camino de Santiago.
The goal is for the work camp to restore features which are
worthy of much greater recognition but which currently languish
abandoned and hidden from passers-by. In time, the buildings
could be used as temporary refuges by pilgrims who are caught in
the heavy downpours the area frequently experiences.
The project also has the symbolic value of converting buildings
to peaceful uses after they had initially been erected for
military purposes during a period when the two neighbouring
countries were in a state of confrontation.
A great many military positions were erected in the Canfranc
valley in the middle of the 20th C., but we have chosen one
particular post which is especially interesting and was included
in J. M. Clъa’s study of the “P Line” in the Canfranc valley
(Josй Manuel Clъa Mйndez, Cuando Franco fortificу los Pirineos.
La Lнnea P en Aragуn, Editorial Katia, Zaragoza, 2004, pp.
106-109). It consists of a bunker for various machine guns and a
Bren gun, making up the “Resistance Centre 111” and its “Support
Post No. 1”.
1. Familiarisation with the surroundings: walks, nature study,
landscape interpretation, study of fauna, flora, geomorphology,
2. Hiking activities: two treks in the Collarada-Ip area and the
Canal Roya - Anayet area.
3. Afternoon excursions: trips to Gabardito and Coll de Ladrones.
4. Trips to nearby towns: Villanъa, Castiello, Urdos and Jaca.
5. Mountaineering activities: Orienteering, map reading, walking,
6. Leisure activities: festivals, games, parties.
A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE AREA WHERE THE WORKCAMP WILL TAKE
the highest municipalities and most typically Pyrenean areas in
the whole province of Huesca.
The village is only a few kilometres away from the French border
and lies on the Camino de Santiago pilgrimage route. As a result,
Canfranc has historically been the recipient of huge investments
in public works as part of the defence of the realm, the creation
of transport links and infrastructure and the production of
electricity at hydroelectric stations.
With a view to protecting these structures and the population
that built and maintains them, the Government undertook some
striking work on the mountain sides, which tower up to 1,000
metres over Canfranc.
Two huge projects at the beginning of the 20th C. were intended
to ensure that avalanches of snow or rock would not destroy life
in the valley. The government built hundreds of ditches to
prevent hold back avalanches and it replanted millions of trees.
It was decided to defend the land to the south of Los Araсones by
putting up the so-called P LINE of Pyrenean bunkers, of which
there are several in the area.
The aim of the work camp is to repair, improve, clean these
bunkers and put them to some use, as they form part of the minor
heritage linked to the Camino de Santiago.