dividing Germany and installing a reactionary regime hostile to the Soviet Union.
The unlawful monetary reform threatens to disorganise the whole Soviet zone. The
Soviet military authorities find themselves compelled to tighten control of the
movement of people and goods between the Eastern and Western zones, including
SOURCE C: Part of a statement issued by the Soviet Union after the end of the
The crisis was planned in Washington, behind a smoke-screen of anti-Soviet
propaganda. In 1948 there was a danger of war. The conduct of the Western powers
risked bloody incidents. The self-blockade of the Western powers hit the West Berlin
population with harshness. The people were freezing and starving. In the spring of
1949 the USA was forced to yield, their war plans came to nothing
SOURCE D: Part of a statement made in June 1948 by General Lucius Clay the
US commander in Berlin
When Berlin falls, Western Germany will be next. If we withdraw our position in
Berlin, Europe is threatened. Communism will run rampant.
Communists and Finland was threatened. ‘But,’ he added, ‘if one should ask who will
be next, we can answer firmly and confidently: it will never be Berlin.’
SOURCE F: A photograph taken in West Berlin in 1948
The one millionth sack of coal being lifted from a US aeroplane in 1948
maintenance shops were a beehive of activity, the mess halls and clubs were open. It
was a twenty-four hour operation. The commanding officer stood in the control tower
with his stop-watch, checking the timing of the planes. To most people it seemed an
impossible task to meet the needs of 2,000,000 people by airlift. But, except for water,
Berlin was supplied with everything by air.
Attlee: The Berlin Airlift. I think that was the decisive thing. It wasn’t, I think, until
the Berlin airlift that American public opinion really wakened up to the facts of life. I
don’t think they really appreciated communist tactics until Berlin.
Name_______________________________ Date___________ Block_____
Directions: Use the sources to answer the questions below. Answer using complete sentences.