Source a: Part of a book on Soviet foreign policy, published in the Soviet Union in 1981



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SOURCE A: Part of a book on Soviet foreign policy, published in the Soviet

Union in 1981
The Western powers wanted a separate currency reform as part of their policy of

dividing Germany and installing a reactionary regime hostile to the Soviet Union.


SOURCE B: Part of a statement made by the Soviet Union in June 1948

The unlawful monetary reform threatens to disorganise the whole Soviet zone. The

Soviet military authorities find themselves compelled to tighten control of the

movement of people and goods between the Eastern and Western zones, including

Berlin.
SOURCE C: Part of a statement issued by the Soviet Union after the end of the

Berlin Blockade
The crisis was planned in Washington, behind a smoke-screen of anti-Soviet

propaganda. In 1948 there was a danger of war. The conduct of the Western powers

risked bloody incidents. The self-blockade of the Western powers hit the West Berlin

population with harshness. The people were freezing and starving. In the spring of

1949 the USA was forced to yield, their war plans came to nothing

SOURCE D: Part of a statement made in June 1948 by General Lucius Clay the

US commander in Berlin
When Berlin falls, Western Germany will be next. If we withdraw our position in

Berlin, Europe is threatened. Communism will run rampant.


SOURCE E: A report of a speech made by Ernst Reuter, the Mayor of Berlin, to

a crowd of about 300,000 people in March 1948
He pointed out that Prague, the capital of Czechoslovakia had been overrun by

Communists and Finland was threatened. ‘But,’ he added, ‘if one should ask who will

be next, we can answer firmly and confidently: it will never be Berlin.’

SOURCE F: A photograph taken in West Berlin in 1948

The one millionth sack of coal being lifted from a US aeroplane in 1948





SOURCE G: A description of activity at a US air base in Germany: this was

written by a US airman at the time
Planes were taking off every thirty seconds, soldiers were unloading trucks, the

maintenance shops were a beehive of activity, the mess halls and clubs were open. It

was a twenty-four hour operation. The commanding officer stood in the control tower

with his stop-watch, checking the timing of the planes. To most people it seemed an

impossible task to meet the needs of 2,000,000 people by airlift. But, except for water,

Berlin was supplied with everything by air.



SOURCE H: A cartoon published in Britain in 1948 – “The Birdwather”



SOURCE I: Part of an interview with Clement Attlee in 1960
Question: What would you put as the turning point in American policy?

Attlee: The Berlin Airlift. I think that was the decisive thing. It wasn’t, I think, until

the Berlin airlift that American public opinion really wakened up to the facts of life. I

don’t think they really appreciated communist tactics until Berlin.

Name_______________________________ Date___________ Block_____

Directions: Use the sources to answer the questions below. Answer using complete sentences.



  1. Describe relations between the wartime Allies from 1945-1948.



  1. Why did Stalin blockade Berlin in June 1948?



  1. What can you learn from Sources A and B about the reasons why the Soviet

Union started the Berlin Blockade?


  1. Use Source F and your own knowledge to help you describe how the West reacted

to the Blockade.


  1. Use Sources G and H and your own knowledge to explain the impact of the Berlin

Airlift on the people of West Berlin.


  1. Source I suggests that the Berlin Blockade was a turning point in relations

between the Superpowers. Do you agree that this was the case?

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