This essay identifies some key environmental issues in South Africa. It is unlikely to be comprehensive because the importance of various issues depends on the individual’s perspective e.g. Zackie Achmat of the Treatment Action Campaign is likely to consider AIDS more important than biodiversity loss. In my opinion, many of the environmental issues in this essay are at least partially the result of bad governance and lack of political will.
Many of these issues are interrelated with each other e.g. mining causing water pollution. I have grouped the selected environmental issues into biophysical and socioeconomic categories though many of the issues overlap.