Until recently a country of emigration, Spain now receives more immigrants than any other country in Europe.
Because of its location in the Iberian Peninsula, the territory has always been at the crossroads of human migration.
In the past, the Spanish Empire was one of the first global empires and one of the largest in the world, and throughout the years people from these lands have emigrated to Spain
In 2010, there were over 6 million foreign residents in Spain, corresponding to 14% of the total population. Of these, 4.1 million (8.9% of the total population) were born outside the European Unionand 2.3 million (5.1%) were born in another EU Member State.[
According to the Spanish government, there were 5,598,691 foreign residents in January 2010. Of these, well over one million and a half were from Latin America (especially from Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina and Brazil), three quarters of a million were Moroccan, while immigrants and expatriates from the European Union amounted more than two million especially from: Romania, United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and Bulgaria.
Chinese are estimated to number 145,425, while South East Asian groups such as Filipinos—whose country was a former Spanish possession—created a small community in Spain.
Immigrants from several sub-Saharan African countries have also settled in Spain as contract workers, although they represent only 4.08% of all the foreign residents in the country.
Record numbers of Africans risk death on unsafe, really dangerous boats (pateras) to reach its shores,
Fear of foreigners. Some people think that the rate of crime increases as a consequence of the arrival of immigrants.
Why are they necessary in Spain? The population of Spain is ageing at an alarming rate and the birth rate is really low. We will not be able to pay penssions in the future.
For the first time in a decade, more migrants are leaving Spain than entering it, because of the serious economic crisis in this country and in the rest of the European Union. In recent years, the number of Ecuadorean and Bolivian people living in the southern city of Málaga, for example, has dropped by 30 percent
Many Spanish graduates cannot find a job and are emigrating to countries such as Germany or Norway where qualified professionals can find a job more easily than in Spain. Rising unemployment has led to an exodus of young Spaniards looking for better opportunities abroad on a scale not seen since the 1960s