|SOL REVIEW—COLONIZATION AND EARLY INSTITUTIONS TAKE ROOT
What 2 things influence both the economics and politics of the colonies?
How did Indian and European ideas of property ownership differ?
4. Be able to recognize New England
5. Why didn’t New England colonists
farm on a large scale?
6. Note: subsistence farming means growing only enough to feed your family, not enough to sell for profit.
7. New England colonies were settled for religious freedom. What religion were New Englanders
and how did the values of their religion help them to prosper?
8. How did New Englander’s intolerance lead to the creation of Rhode Island?
9. What are the two important political characteristics of the New England colonies?
10. These are the “commercial” colonies and they also are
involved in small-scale farming.
12. Why are cities important in the Middle Colonies?
13. What is different about the social structure in these
14. They base their government on what principles?
15. What is important about Jamestown and
what was the purpose for this colony?
16. Why was the House of Burgesses a “big deal”
and what is it called today?
17. How do the economic characteristics of the
Coastal Plain differ from the inland part of
the Southern colonies?
18. Who were indentured servants?
19. When more workers were needed, who were
brought to do it and did they come voluntarily?
20. What was the ultimate outcome of this
southern slave-based system?
21. Which class of people were “in charge” of
southern colonial society?
22. Were they more or less like England than
the settlers of the other colonies?
23. What were the 2 major impacts of
the Great Awakening?
24. What kind of movement was the
25. Historians call it a foundation to what
major American event?
EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT AND COLONIES
Early European explorationcultural interactions
Redistribution of world’s population (African-Am, Native Am)
Indians died of disease
European strong belief in private propertyIndians lost traditional territories
Climate, soil conditions, and natural resourcesEconomic institutions
Geographic conditionsNE fishing, lumbering, small-scale subsistence farming, shipbuilding, later manufacturing
Middle shipbuilding, farming, bread-basket colonies, trade
Southern-large plantations for cash crops
MA Puritan intoleranceRhode Island founding and Connecticut
MA religious standing importantconnection of government and religion
Commercial focus, diverse population origins religious tolerance in Middle Colonies, flexible social structure, strong
Motive for settlementtype government, economics
Religious freedomclose connection gov’t and religion and intolerance
Economic opportunitygreater tolerance, belief in free enterprise
(NE religious freedom; Middle religious freedom, economic opportunity, South economic opportunity
Need for more cheap workers, laborers on a large scaleindentured servants and forcible importation of slaves
Differing labor systems (free/slave)conflict between North and South
Large plantation land grants to nobilityrigid social structure based on land and family status, strong allegiance to
Church of Eng.
Great Awakeninggrowth of new evangelical religions (Methodists, Baptists), challenged established religious and gov’t
order laid one of foundations for Am Rev. (with Enlightenment)
Puritans—religious group desiring to purify Anglican Church, large group migrated to MA for religious freedom
Puritan values--work hard and thrift
Covenant community-based on principles of Mayflower Compact and Puritan beliefs
Mayflower Compact—government agreement for MA. colony
Direct democracy/town meetings—each citizen participates directly, not through representative
Middle colonies (NY, NJ, MD, DE, PA) settled by Dutch, English, German
Commercial centers NYC, Baltimore, Philadelphia
Cavaliers-English nobility who got large land grants in eastern Virginia from King
Indentured servants--agreed to work on tobacco plantations for a period of time to pay for passage
Jamestown 1607—first permanent English colony in North America
Virginia House of Burgesses--first elected assembly
Great Awakening--religious movement in Europe and colonies mid 1700s
__ Colonial America A. Bread Basket, commercial, tolerant colonies of PA, NY, NJ, DE
__ Southern Colonies B. English nobility with royal land grants in eastern VA
__ New England Colonies C. Located in NE, NH, MA, CT, RI, Puritans, intolerant
__ Middle Colonies D. MD, VA, NC, SC, GA—tobacco, indigo, rice, more slavery
__ House of Burgesses E. Religious movement challenging gov’t order, foundation for Revolution
__ Tobacco F. Found home and religious freedom in “Penn’s Woods” (PA)
__ Mercantilism G. Economic theory—export > import, colonies benefit mother country
__ Quakers H. “That filthy weed” cash crop of VA, MD
__ Cavaliers I. Period of 13 colonies before Revolution
__ Great Awakening J. Legislative assembly of VA, first in colonies
Share with your friends: