Sol review-colonization and early institutions take root

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  1. What 2 things influence both the economics and politics of the colonies?

  1. How did Indian and European ideas of property ownership differ?

4. Be able to recognize New England


5. Why didn’t New England colonists

farm on a large scale?

6. Note: subsistence farming means growing only enough to feed your family, not enough to sell for profit.

7. New England colonies were settled for religious freedom. What religion were New Englanders

and how did the values of their religion help them to prosper?

8. How did New Englander’s intolerance lead to the creation of Rhode Island?

9. What are the two important political characteristics of the New England colonies?

10. These are the “commercial” colonies and they also are

involved in small-scale farming.

12. Why are cities important in the Middle Colonies?

13. What is different about the social structure in these

14. They base their government on what principles?

15. What is important about Jamestown and

what was the purpose for this colony?

16. Why was the House of Burgesses a “big deal”

and what is it called today?

17. How do the economic characteristics of the

Coastal Plain differ from the inland part of

the Southern colonies?

  • Coastal Plain =

  • Inland =

18. Who were indentured servants?

19. When more workers were needed, who were

brought to do it and did they come voluntarily?

20. What was the ultimate outcome of this

southern slave-based system?

21. Which class of people were “in charge” of

southern colonial society?

22. Were they more or less like England than

the settlers of the other colonies?

23. What were the 2 major impacts of

the Great Awakening?

24. What kind of movement was the

Great Awakening?

25. Historians call it a foundation to what

major American event?



Early European explorationcultural interactions

Redistribution of world’s population (African-Am, Native Am)

Indians died of disease

European strong belief in private propertyIndians lost traditional territories

Climate, soil conditions, and natural resourcesEconomic institutions

Geographic conditionsNE fishing, lumbering, small-scale subsistence farming, shipbuilding, later manufacturing

Middle shipbuilding, farming, bread-basket colonies, trade

Southern-large plantations for cash crops

MA Puritan intoleranceRhode Island founding and Connecticut

MA religious standing importantconnection of government and religion

Commercial focus, diverse population origins religious tolerance in Middle Colonies, flexible social structure, strong

middle class

Motive for settlementtype government, economics

Religious freedomclose connection gov’t and religion and intolerance

Economic opportunitygreater tolerance, belief in free enterprise

(NE religious freedom; Middle religious freedom, economic opportunity, South economic opportunity

Need for more cheap workers, laborers on a large scaleindentured servants and forcible importation of slaves

Differing labor systems (free/slave)conflict between North and South

Large plantation land grants to nobilityrigid social structure based on land and family status, strong allegiance to

Church of Eng.

Great Awakeninggrowth of new evangelical religions (Methodists, Baptists), challenged established religious and gov’t

order laid one of foundations for Am Rev. (with Enlightenment)

Puritans—religious group desiring to purify Anglican Church, large group migrated to MA for religious freedom

Puritan values--work hard and thrift

Covenant community-based on principles of Mayflower Compact and Puritan beliefs

Mayflower Compact—government agreement for MA. colony

Direct democracy/town meetings—each citizen participates directly, not through representative

Middle colonies (NY, NJ, MD, DE, PA) settled by Dutch, English, German

Commercial centers NYC, Baltimore, Philadelphia

Cavaliers-English nobility who got large land grants in eastern Virginia from King

Indentured servants--agreed to work on tobacco plantations for a period of time to pay for passage

Jamestown 1607—first permanent English colony in North America

Virginia House of Burgesses--first elected assembly

Great Awakening--religious movement in Europe and colonies mid 1700s

__ Colonial America A. Bread Basket, commercial, tolerant colonies of PA, NY, NJ, DE

__ Southern Colonies B. English nobility with royal land grants in eastern VA

__ New England Colonies C. Located in NE, NH, MA, CT, RI, Puritans, intolerant

__ Middle Colonies D. MD, VA, NC, SC, GA—tobacco, indigo, rice, more slavery

__ House of Burgesses E. Religious movement challenging gov’t order, foundation for Revolution

__ Tobacco F. Found home and religious freedom in “Penn’s Woods” (PA)

__ Mercantilism G. Economic theory—export > import, colonies benefit mother country

__ Quakers H. “That filthy weed” cash crop of VA, MD

__ Cavaliers I. Period of 13 colonies before Revolution

__ Great Awakening J. Legislative assembly of VA, first in colonies
Directory: cms -> lib2 -> VA01000586 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 2679 -> sol-review-us
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