Social Studies Key Concepts for Fifth – ileap study Guide Geography

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Social Studies Key Concepts for Fifth – iLEAP Study Guide


Know uses of various types of maps:

  • Political map (pg A4-5, A8, A12-13 in Textbook)

  • Physical map (pg A6-7, A9, A14-15)

  • Resource map (pg 68 activity book)

  • Precipitation/climate map (pg 9 activity book)

  • Topographical/elevation map (pg 7 activity book)

  • Grid system (pg 12 activity book, A3 in textbook)

Use of different types of map, including comparing two different types (as on page of 76 & 77, 144 &145, 116 & 117 in Activity book)

Be able to use map key/legend, map symbols, distance scale, compass rose, cardinal directions and intermediate directions, equator, lines of latitude/longitude (pg 28 activity book, pg A2-3 in textbook)

Know locations of major landforms and geographic features, places, and bodies of water in the U.S. (A18-19 in textbook)

  • Able to identify all 50 states by shape and position, know U.S. capital and other Major U.S. cities (A10-11 in textbook for review or the following website)

  • Able to identify Rocky Mountains, Appalachian Mountains, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Rio Grande River, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Great Lakes, Grand Canyon

United States History:

Identification and description of indigenous cultures and groups that existed in the Americas at the beginning of European exploration

  • Types of shelter

  • Agriculture and hunting techniques

  • Connection to the land

  • Spiritual beliefs

  • Various uses of animals

Triangular Trade that connected the Americas, Western Europe, and Western Africa, prior to 1620, including goods each supplied and where they were shipped.

Compare/contrast Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans converging in the Western Hemisphere after 1492

  • Spanish system of economienda

  • Indentured servitude versus slavery

Ways cultures change through cultural diffusion, invention, and innovation

  • Blending of ideas, religions, religions, literary traditions, foods music, and art, trade of various animals, crops and goods

Major early explorations and explorers and their reasons for exploration:

  • Magellan

  • LaSalle

  • Columbus

  • Balboa

  • Coronado

  • De Soto

  • Cabot and Hudson

  • Cartier

  • Pizzaro

  • Ponce de Leon

(Try reviewing using this website )

Impact of Spanish conquests in the Americas on the Aztecs, Incas, and other indigenous peoples

  • Loss of gold, wealth and land

  • Decrease in native populations due to foreign diseases and forced labobr

  • Invasion of Cortez

  • Spread of Christianity

Course and consequences of the Columbian Exchange, including the cultural, ecological, and economic impact

  • Goods, agricultural crops, and animals exchanged between Europe, the Americas, and West Africa

Influence of the arrival of Africans in the European colonies in the 17th century and the increase in the importation of slaves in the 18th century

  • Reason for Spanish importation of slaves into their American colonies

  • Reason for extensive use of slaves in the southern colonies

Societal impact of the immersion of Africans in the Americas

  • Food, religion, increased population in the South, culture

Instances of conflict and cooperation between American Indians and European settlers

  • Buying of American Indian land by settlers such as William Penn

  • Fur trade between American Indians and French settlers

  • French and Indian War

  • Shared farming and building techniques

  • King Phillip’s War

Role of religious groups in colonial American communities

  • Salem witch trials

  • William Penn

  • Roger Williams

  • Anne Hutchinson

  • Catholics in Maryland

  • Quakers in Pennsylvania

  • Puritans in New England

  • Congregationalists in Massachusetts

  • Anglicans in Virginia

  • Colleges founded by religious organizations

  • Great Awakening

Organization and structure of the 13 British colonies that became the United States

  • Economic – northern, middle, and southern colonies; royal colonies of the British crown

  • Political – governor, governor’s council, colonial assembly, right to vote and hold office granted only to white male landowners

  • Social – debtors prison in Georgia, religious culture

Reflections of European culture, politics, and institutions in American life

  • Names of colonies and cities based on names of British royalty

  • Legal concept of trial by jury

  • Legislative elections by the people

  • English language

  • Colonial assemblies

Origins, characteristics, and major achievements of ancient American empires and complex societies in the Americas

  • Inca

  • Maya

  • Aztec

  • Olmec

  • Anasazi

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