Social Studies Chapter One Review The Civil War 1861-1865 Lesson 1 Vocabulary Sectionalism



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Social Studies Chapter One Review

The Civil War 1861-1865

Lesson 1 Vocabulary



Sectionalism

A loyalty to a section or part of the country rather than to the whole country



Point of view

The way a person looks at or thinks about a topic or situation Lesson 1 Review:



Two Regions

North

  • More populations living in cities (Urban Areas)

  • 9 out of 10 largest cities

  • Larger population total

  • More factories

  • Wanted higher tariffs on Great Britain’s imported goods to encourage more purchases for American-made items

  • Caused sectionalism

South

  • More populations living in rural (farms and small towns)

  • Smaller population total

  • Less factories

  • Wanted lower tariffs on Great Britain’s imported goods so their costs would be low

  • Caused Sectionalism

Slavery in the South

North

  • Outlawed slavery in most northern states by 1850

  • Northern factory workers worked long hours, under difficult conditions, for low pay

  • Even free African Americans still did not have the same voting rights as whites; some had to own land before voting

  • Still no rights to full citizenship

South

  • 6 out of 10 slaves worked in the field

  • Crops were cotton, tobacco, and rice

  • Many slaves lived on small farms and worked alongside a small group of slaves or even the owner

Different Views on Slaves

Abolitionist

  • David Walker

  • “How would they like us to make slaves of …them?”

  • Argued the wrongs of owning slaves

Slave Owners

  • Believed that the evils of the plantations were better for their slaves than the low pay that Northern factory workers received

  • 1860 – about 4 million slaves in the United States

Lesson 2 Vocabulary

Slave codes

Laws to control the behavior of slaves and make life difficult for them



Underground Railroad

An organized, secret system set up to help enslaved people escape from the South to freedom in the North or Canada

Lesson 2 Review:

Slaves had no rights


  • No choices

  • Could be moved when they were sold

  • Couldn’t control to whom they were sold

  • Families could be broken up

  • Were told when to stop and start work

  • Could not leave the plantation without permission

  • Slave owners decided whether slaves could marry

  • Slave owners decided the age of children to begin work

  • Not allowed to own property

  • Few were allowed to buy and sell goods

  • Slave Rebellion

Nat Turner- Southampton County, Virginia

He and his followers killed about 60 whites

Captured and hanged

Joseph Cinque – Amistad

Took over a Spanish Slave Ship

Was tricked by a Spanish Sailor who sailed them to the coast of the US.

US voted to send the surviving 35 Africans back to Africa

African Americans Resist Slavery p. 2

African Americans Resist Slavery


  • Refused to obey owner

  • Holding back on the amount of work that they did

  • Worked slowly

  • Pretended to be sick

  • Broke the tools that they needed to do work

  • Breaking rules to read and write

  • Underground Railroad

Conductors

People or guides helping runaway slaves escape

Guided by the North Star or the moss on the north side of a tree

Faced the risk of capture, severe beating, and even death



Harriet Tubman – most famous conductor because she was a former slave herself that would return to the south 19 times to lead more than 300 slaves to freedom

Levi and Catherine Coffin – helped more than 2,000 slaves escape to freedom

Free African Americans

  • Free African Americans faced losing their freedom

  • Had to have a certificate of freedom so they wouldn’t be transported back to the South

  • Finding work was difficult due to threats and violence from white workers

  • New Orleans- More African Americans owned land than anywhere else

Do I KNOW???

1. Where did most Southerners live by the mid-1850s?

2. In what region of the United States were most of the nation’s cities located by the 1850s?

3. What was the North’s point of view on slavery by the 1850s?

4. Which of the following describes slavery’s role in the Southern economy?

5. Which of the following is one way in which slaves resisted slavery?

6. Which of the following was a slave rebellion that ended in the slaves returning to Africa?

7. What means did Harriet Tubman and others use to help slaves reach freedom in the North?

8. Which of the following describes the lifestyle of free African Americans?

9. What problem did the Missouri Compromise solve?

10. What led to violence in Kansas in 1854?

11. Why were people outraged at the Supreme Court’s decision in the Dred Scott case?

12. Which statement represents Lincoln’s and Douglas’s views on slavery?

13. Which of the following is a reason Southern states seceded from the Union?

14. What officially started the Civil War?

15. What did the North hope to achieve by fighting the Civil War?

16. Why did Southern states fear the outlawing of slavery?

17. Explain how the Underground Railroad was able to be so successful in its fight against slavery.

Vocabulary:

  • sectionalism

  • states’ rights

  • secede

  • slave codes

  • Missouri Compromise

  • Confederacy

  • Underground Railroad

  • Fugitive Slave Law

  • Union

  • free state

  • Compromise of 1850

  • border state

  • slave state

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • civil war


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