Social Studies 9 Chapter 3: Revolution in France



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Social Studies 9

Chapter 3: Revolution in France

Section 1

  • Extra Reading – France before the Revolution

  • Section 1: p56-61

  • Grievances Meeting (based on p59-61)


Section 2

  • Extra Reading – Causes of the French Revolution

  • Section 2: p62-72

  • What is a Revolution?


Section 3

  • Extra Reading – The French Revolution (1)

  • Section 3: p72-79

  • Section 3 Note

  • Wheel of Revolution: French Revolution


Section 4

  • Extra Reading – The French Revolution (2)

  • Section 4: p80-86

  • Section 4 Note


Additional

  • Ch. 3 Test (Fill in the Blank and Paragraph)

  • Revolutions Individual Research Project



Extra Reading - Section 1: France before the Revolution


  1. Describe Louis XIV’s aims.



  1. Describe the problems in France in the following areas:

The Nobles

The Army

Taxes

Government













Extra Reading - Section 2: Causes of the French Revolution


  1. Summarize the Social Causes of the French Revolution.

The Church and

the Nobles



The peasants and the middle class

Enlightenment Ideas

The American Revolution















  1. Summarize the Economic Causes of the French Revolution.

Overspending

Taxes

Bad Harvests











Chapter 3: Section 1 (p56-61) Study Guide
The Regions of France

1. Fill in the chart with a description of France.



Physical Description

Water Sources

Crops









2. What factors make France a strong agricultural country?

3. How was land owned? How did this affect farming?




French Society in the Seventeenth Century

4. Draw a small pyramid and label it to illustrate how French society was organized.


5. What privileges existed for the aristocracy and for the Church?

6. What was Paris like as a city?


7. In what ways was France not a unified country?

8. Fill in the chart to show what life was like for the majority of the French people.




Peasants

Urban Poor

Bourgeoisie

What difficulties did they face?











Why was it hard to get ahead?













French Society Grievances Meetings:

the Peasants, the Urban Poor, and the Bourgeosie
Name: ______________________ Block: _____ Date: __________________


  1. Meet in groups of 6 – 7 people. Divide roles evenly in your group so that there are representatives for the peasants, urban poor, and bourgeosie.

  2. Read p59-61. Pay special attention to your role.

  3. Meet in new role groups to come up with a list of grievances and solutions.

  4. Meet in original groups. Share your answers. Discuss your commonalities and differences. Come up with a plan. Note dissenting opinions.







Peasants

Urban Poor

Bourgeosie

Grievances











Solutions











Plan






Chapter 3: Section 2 (p62-72) Study Guide
1. Why was Louis XIV called the Sun King? How long did he rule?

2. How did he try to show his own importance?

3. How were his actions bad for France?

Finances

War

Politics

Huguenots











4. Why was Louis XVI probably not a good choice to be king?

5. What problems existed in France in the following areas?

Law

Economy

Class System








6. How was Marie Antoinette a bad queen in the following areas?



Attitude

Extravagance

Government









7. Who were the philosophes? What type of ideas did they have?


8. What did each of these three philosophes believe?



Voltaire

Montesquieu

Rousseau








Extra Reading - Section 3: The French Revolution (1)


  1. Describe the Estates General. Why had they been called?




  1. What was the Tennis Court Oath?


  1. What was the fall of the Bastille and why was it important?


  1. What changes did the National Assembly bring to France in 1789?


Extra Reading - Section 4: The French Revolution (2)


  1. Who were the Jacobins? What happened when they took over the republic?


  1. Why did other countries go to war against France from 1792-1802? What was the result of the wars?



  1. What was the Reign of Terror? Why did it begin?


  1. What was the Directory? How does the Directory help Napoleon’s career?


  1. Why do many people say that the Consulate mark the end of the Revolution?



Chapter 3: Section 3 (p72-79) Study Guide
1. a) Under the reign of Louis XVI, France’s problems became more intense. What problems existed in the following areas?

Government

Economy

Society








b) How did Louis XVI respond to these problems?

2. a) What was the Estates General? What were the three estates?

b) Why did the Third Estate not have more power?

c) Why did Louis XVI call the Estates General?

3. a) What was the National Assembly? What was their goal?

b) What was the Tennis Court Oath and what result did it have?

4. a) Why did the people of Paris attack the Bastille?

b) What results did this attack have?
5. What was the Great Fear? Why did it spread so quickly?

6. a) What laws did the National Assembly make on August 4, 1789?

b) Why were the people not impressed by these new laws?

c) What did the march on Versailles accomplish?


7. What did the National Assembly do in the following areas?



Citizen Rights

Constitution

Economy









8. Why did the royal family try to flee? Why was it a bad idea?



9. Why was the Legislative Assembly “doomed to failure”?


Chapter 3: Section 4 (p80-86) Study Guide


  1. What was the difference between the political clubs of the Girondists and the Jacobins?



  1. Who were the sans-culottes? What was their goal? How did the try to achieve their goal?



  1. Who were the radical leaders of the revolution and what did they want to accomplish in France?



  1. Why did war break out between France and Austria? What effect did the outbreak of war have on the royal family?



  1. What was “the Reign of Terror”? How did Robespierre use the Reign of Terror to solidify his position as dictator?



  1. What changes were made to France while Robespierre ruled?



  1. Why was Robespierre executed?



  1. Who did the Directory represent? How did it erase some of the advances of the Revolution?



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