Social Sciences and Humans Review


Kahina GOUDJIL / Hachemi ABOUBOU



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An Alteration within American National Security Strategy Post - 9 11 Attacks (1)

Kahina GOUDJIL / Hachemi ABOUBOU
326

contrary, the United States believed that the world order imposed unilateral leadership to secure stability and liberal democracy. The Bush administration strongly believed in the indispensable urge fora unique and strong leadership to reestablish the world order, and it will be fulfilled only when the US. acts hegemonically (Jervis, 2003, p. 367).

3.2. Preemptive and Preventive War :
Defining both terms "preemption" and "preventive" is required to understand its military implication in American national defense. The preemptive war was defined as "a military attack or war launched in anticipation of a serious military threat that can be reasonably construed as an imminent attack. It is a form of self-defense or defense of a third party. Seemingly, the presence of an immediate threat defines military actions as a preventive war.
(Butler, 2012, p. 14)
. Fundamentally, preventive war enacted the use of power and military interventions to eradicate an imminent peril of an unforeseen war that will be perceived under unpredictable circumstances. Thus, it was a tactical response to a long-term menace to anticipate the prevailing aggression of a dangerous armament and stop its expansion. Though the evidence of striking first was not seeable, still, the preventer could act to secure 'the margin of safety provided by the preventer's military superiority (Brailey, 2012, pp. The US. considered the 9/11 attacks as a global war on US. NS. This unequivocal threat has one interpretation it is a "war The two noncontroversial terms, "war" and "global threat" were highly qualified to spark the US. altered foreign defense policy in the aftermath of the
9/11 attacks (Butler, 2012, p. The US. applied a strategic, operational plan against the terrorist attacks as an act of preemption to deter terrorism and the unperceivable evil of their intentions. The core of the Bush doctrine was a "preventive war against terrorism" founded on military primacy and superiority. One of the Bush doctrine aims was to deter the threat posed by terrorism and the rogue states. The US. believed strongly in its role in making the world safer. Consequently, Bush supported the imminence of acting promptly to halt this threat as it was growing more dangerous if not forestalled he stated in his West Point address on June 1, 2002:
Today our enemies see weapons of mass destruction as
weapons of choice. For rogue states, these weapons are tools



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