Social Sciences and Humans Review


Unilateralism and Hegemony



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An Alteration within American National Security Strategy Post - 9 11 Attacks (1)

3.1. Unilateralism and Hegemony


An Alteration within American National Security Strategy Post PP 319-332

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The landmark of the Bush doctrine was his Unilateral action as
Jervis demonstrated in his article "Understanding the Bush Doctrine," the Bush administration confidently declared the nation’s readiness to act preemptively against any perceived threat with less consideration to the Allies consent or disapproval. The Bush administration declared its readiness to use US. military primacy to spread freedom, liberal democracy, and a free-market economy (Tarzi., 2014, p. 28). Unilateralism complemented the Bush doctrine of preventive war on terror the US. government, acting unilaterally, unveiled little attention to the public opinion rather, it stood by its interests. They saw the shared leadership as a hindrance to obtaining tangible international results since none of the participating nations would accept to take the lead and the responsibility for the alleged actions. Eventually, toppling Saddam
Hussein's dictatorship and waging war on Afghanistan without the allies' or the UN's consent was the US. evidence of its unilateral action. Ideological supremacy was the US. slogan after the 9/11 attacks. Bush Administration adopted hard power imperialism. The main objective of the US. new policy was to reveal its strategy of hegemony explicitly to the world the main intention was based on military dominance and unchallenged power (Dalby, 1990, p. 3). In the NSS, the US. stated its intention to have an invincible global military control. However, the US. dominance strategy is not ordained to US. legitimacy exclusively. Ina pivotal attempt, the US. coordinated with other nations as part of its strategy the role of other nations was a minor role suppressed by the U.S.'s overwhelming and forceful dominance indecision making (Quinn, 2016, p. Undeniably and clearly announced by Condoleezza Rice, the National Security Advisor of the Bush Administration, that
The United States will build and maintain twenty-first
century military forces beyond challenge. We will seek to
dissuade any potential adversary from pursuing a military
build-up in the hope of surpassing, or equaling, the power of
the United States and our allies. (Rice, 2005)
The Bush doctrine imposed the primacy of one nation over the others, an act that brought new terms of leadership and order in the world. His administration did not seethe intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan without the consent of the UN or the allies as an act that would encourage other nations to behave the same if circumstances transpire. On the



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