Social Sciences and Humans Review


The American National Security Strategy post 9/11 Attacks



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An Alteration within American National Security Strategy Post - 9 11 Attacks (1)

2. The American National Security Strategy post 9/11 Attacks
The Advocates of American hegemony were actively profiling the new America after the Cold War era, these organizations such as the Project fora New American Century (PNAC), which suggested new strategies featuring the new America, in the st century, with new policies and fundamental changes to be adopted after the 9/11 attacks on the US. territory. A galvanized idea was put into reality after the attacks. President Bush's Administration' boosted its documents, series, and speeches to reinterpret the act as what it became known as 'The War on Terror' which symbolized the succeeding American new strategy of engagement in the world (Jervis, 2003, p. 156). This Doctrine can be summarized in the following elements
The Bush Doctrine has four elements a strong belief in the
importance of the state’s domestic regime in determining its
foreign policy and the related judgment that this is an
opportune time to transform international politics the
perception of great threats that can be defeated only by new
and vigorous policies, most notably preventive war a
willingness to act unilaterally when necessary and, as both
a cause and the summary of these beliefs, an overriding
sense that peace and stability require the United States to
assert its primacy.

(Jervis, 2003, p. 356)

The key element in the U.S.National Security Strategy post the
9/11 attacks was extracted from a series of statements and speeches on what was later named 'the Global War on Terror (GWOT). By September
2002, Anew collection of ideas had become 'The National Security


An Alteration within American National Security Strategy Post PP 319-332

323

Strategy of the United States of America' this document was considered the official document that contains the strategies and geopolitics of the st century. The document depicted the Bush doctrine and the war on terror (Korb, 2003). The Bush doctrine is considered the cornerstone of the new American strategy of the st century. This document universalized liberal democracy as a unique political model to spread freedom and liberal values and provide Global Security. Undeniably, this document turned out to be the core value of the Bush doctrine in the st century. Not only did it underline the strategies and the policies to be directed to the rogue states and the terrorists, but it also projected the American rhetoric of the "city upon a hill' as an identity with a regenerated nationalism interwoven with supremacy and power (Bush,
2011). The 2002 NSS document elaborated on the landmarks of the American strategy fora new century. This distinctive document enacted a pathway to US. formulated strategy. First, the NSS raises global war on terrorist networks and outlaw regimes considered threats to the United States' security and stability. Second, the new strategy emphasized that the US. military forces must remain dominant for the foreseeable future. The United States should maintain military dominance and project it with a worldwide network of Forwarding Operating Bases. Third, the new strategy stresses cooperation among the Great Powers to preserve a unified front against terrorism. It advocates that this cooperation be carried out under the guidance of US. leadership. Fourth, the security strategy enunciates, for the very first time, a policy that specifically calls for removing the root causes of terrorism and tyranny (Korb, 2003). Unprecedentedly, the NSS no longer believes in deterrence by containment or any other traditional strategy instead, a preemptive military action will be the only solution to these tremendous threats to the world's security, and the risks would be immeasurable if the terrorists had access to Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD. Ultimately, in these circumstances, the US. was determined that the defensive war against terrorist acts must be unequivocal. The document encouraged free commerce and enterprise and ranked them as universals in NSS, with a detailed demonstration of the US. willingness to help and support the nations presumed to endorse this free economy and enterprise model. Last but not least, the 2002 NSS was more global in covering all the elements that will contribute to maintaining an international political and



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