Social Sciences and Humans Review


Kahina GOUDJIL / Hachemi ABOUBOU



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An Alteration within American National Security Strategy Post - 9 11 Attacks (1)

Kahina GOUDJIL / Hachemi ABOUBOU
330

Regardless of the democratization mission, 'Security interests' were the hidden gain the Bush Administration was seeking from its intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan. Bush's Administration announced its commitment to bring political change to these regimes. However, the call for democracy was ignited in some countries but not others
(Carothers, 2007, p. 9). The Bush team supported the Pakistani president
Pervez Musharraf as anally against terrorism the US. sustained this president despite his antidemocratic stance to go after Al-Qaeda and Taliban. In the east-central of Africa, Ethiopia was another case of seeking personal interests rather than spreading democratic principles. Prime Minister Meles Zenawi is an autocratic and powerful state man who manipulated and limited political freedoms in the country. Regarding the importance of the Ethiopian government to the US. as a security partner, especially with the US. struggle with Islamists in Somalia, the US. administration downplayed the democracy card for the sake of cooperative ties (8). A double standard' is an exceptional feature of American policy, said Michael Ignatieff in his article "American Exceptionalism and Human Rights" (7). The US. uses different standards when judging itself than those it uses to judge other countries US. friends and allies are also judged differently from those it considers enemies. The US. criticized other states for curtailing or ignoring the UN rights and rules while it abridged and curtailed international norms and law. This double standard policy had an enormous impact on American image worldwide when it called fora global war on terror after the 9/11 attacks, it did not have the estimated support from all nations. The US. faced bitter accusations and condemnation of culpability for its double standard foreign policy towards the civil rights of another country's citizens (Ignatieff, 2009, p.
8). The war in Afghanistan was a failure on an international scale because the US. infringed an international norm of 'state sovereignty which is obeyed and applied worldwide. Ina given crisis, such as applying the right of self-defense in Afghanistan, the US. prioritized its national security over the UN Charter of nonintervention. American unipolar engagement act of abridgment to the universal norms questioned its credible partnership in international relations with the world and the allies and its commitment to preserving human rights
(Ignatieff, 2009, p. 6). The American objective was to spread and



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