An Alteration within American National Security Strategy Post - 9 11 Attacks (1)
Kahina GOUDJIL / Hachemi ABOUBOU 328 of an armed attack this latter was not attributed to another state it was aggression committed by a group of people categorized as non-state actors. The full-scale militarization manifested in Bush's strategy and employed after the 9/11 attacks were a threat to small states. This latter was antagonized by the war on terror led by a hegemonic power like the US. Opposing any US. decision making would risk them being labeled 'enemies of humanity and a risk to be marginalized in international affairs. In this context of a unipolar hegemony, and under these circumstances, small states will be underprivileged and prevented from any inherent right of state's sovereignty. These States are left without an alternative and a limited level of national freedom. In other words, the new doctrine not only infringed nations right to sovereignty and self- determination, but it also established new paradigms of duplicity on state sovereignty the right and the privilege of being a sovereign state can be segmented and attributed to states depending on how far they serve American interests, aright which will be contested by a preponderance power (Koechler, 2002, p. 5). The US. gave itself the prerogative to act on behalf of humankind, aright exclusively reserved for the UN and SC. This act seriously violated the norms of IL and legitimated uncontrolled and anarchistic interstates relations (Kohen, 2003, p. 3). Igniting the state of self- defense by the United States on Afghanistan under the slogan of war on terror and later on other countries. US. 'self-defense' prerogative opened gates to a very contemporary crisis of an analogous pathology of use of force by other states. States worldwide will use force as their main solution to settle their disputes with their adversaries. (Kohen, 2003, p. 4). The fatal result of the propagation of Bush doctrine under the whim of war on terror revealed his grand strategy blatantly to the world. President Bush envisaged his specific spectrum of power and hegemony by announcing his unilateral defense system. The rhetoric of expanding and defeating terrorism created unrealistic expectations in the Middle East, the Arab world, and the world. Bush's doctrine of defeating terrorism and spreading freedom was a double standard policy, if not a disillusionment his administration sent a message that the democracy and freedom agenda was first and foremost based on self-interest aimed at transforming societies for American interest. The concept "Indispensable Nation" expressed by Madeline K.