Casualties for both sides reached 1.25 million. When the battle ended five months after it began, only a few miles of land had been gained. The Newfoundland Regiment suffered 90% casualties. 23 Canadian men were executed because they would or could not return to the front.
WHERE: Somme, France
WHAT: Allied commanders tried to end trench warfare with a large attack on the German trenches at the Somme.
OUTCOME: The Germans were not driven back and over 20,000 Canadian soldiers were killed.
The objection of the Canadian Commander, General Arthur Currie was overruled and his troops were forced into battle. Many Canadian soldiers lost their lives: only one in five survived. In the end, the battle proved futile as the Germans soon won back their land.
WHERE: Passchendale, Belgium
WHAT: Canadian troops were asked to attack the Germans.
OUTCOME: Canadians gained 7km of land and held their position until reinforcements arrived. However, the Germans soon gained back their lost land.