Skip key issue 1 Ch. 7 Ki 2: Why have ethnicities been transformed into nationalities?

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Ch. 7 Guided Reading


Ch. 7 KI 2: Why have ethnicities been transformed into nationalities? (pgs. 217-224)

Skipped Sections: none

  • Leading Questions

    • Compare and contrast nationality and ethnicity.

    • What is a nation-state? Why do they exist?

    • Explain why Denmark is an example of a nation-state.

    • When did Europe divide into nation-states?

    • What is nationalism? How do states promote it? How does it relate to centripetal force?

    • Compare and contrast multiethnic and multinational states. What are some examples?

    • Describe what happened to the Soviet Union. What states emerged after its fall? What are some problems they still face?

    • Why is Russia considered today’s largest multinational state?

    • Where is the Caucasus region? What are the three countries in the Caucasus and what have been their problems?

    • How has ethnic identity seen a revival? Where has this occurred?
    Must Know Terms: nationality, nation-state, self-determinism, nationalism, centripetal force, multiethnic state, multinational states

  1. Rise of Nationalities

    1. Nation-States

    2. Nationalism

  2. Multinational States

    1. Former Soviet Union: the Largest Multinational State

    2. Russia: Now the Largest Multinational State

    3. Turmoil in the Caucasus

  3. Revival of Ethnic Identity

Ch. 7 KI 3: Why do Ethnicities Clash? (pgs. 224-229)

  • Leading Questions

    • What is meant by competition to control a nationality?

    • For Ethiopia/Eritrea, Sudan, and Somalia you need the following information:

      • What groups are conflicting

      • Causes and effects of the competition

    • Why is there ethnic competition in Lebanon? Who is involved?

    • For the India and Pakistan example you will need the following:

      • Why was India and Pakistan separated?

      • What groups are involved?

      • What was the effect of the partition of the two states?

    • Describe the conflict between the Sinhalese and Tamil in Sri Lanka. What has been the effect?
    Skipped Sections: none

Must Know Terms: none

  1. Ethnic Competition to Dominate Nationality

    1. Ethnic Competition in the Horn of Africa

      1. Ethiopia and Eritrea

      2. Sudan

      3. Somalia

    2. Ethnic Competition in Lebanon

  2. Dividing Ethnicities Among More Than One State

    1. India and Pakistan

    2. Sinhalese and Tamil in Sri Lanka

    3. Case Study: Dividing the Kurds (pg 227)

Ch. 7 KI 4: What is Ethnic Cleansing? (pgs. 229-235)

  • Leading Questions

    • What is ethnic cleansing? What are its causes and effects?

    • Summarize the WWII era European examples.

    • Where is Yugoslavia? Briefly describe its history.

    • What is meant by the quote by Josip Tito?

    • What led to the destruction of Yugoslavia?

    • In both “Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia” and “Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo” you need to include which groups are involved, what caused it, and what its effects were.

    • What is balkanization?

    • Describe which countries were effected, which groups were involved, and the outcome of ethnic cleansing in Central Africa.
    Skipped Sections: Case Study: Documenting Ethnic Cleansing (pg 234)

Must Know Terms: ethnic cleansing, Balkanized, balkanization

  1. Ethnic Cleansing In Europe

    1. Creation of Multiethnic Yugoslavia

    2. Destruction of Multiethnic Yugoslavia

      1. Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia

      2. Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo

      3. Balkanization

  2. Ethnic Cleansing in Central Africa

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