Similarity between the goals of Mao Zedong


Creoles had replaced peninsulares but little else changed



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Creoles had replaced peninsulares but little else changed

  • The wars of independence in Latin America in the early nineteenth century resulted in few changes in social structure – as Indians and Africans were still landless workers – terribly exploited


    The End of Serfdom in Russia and the End of Slavery in the United States – Think Dates

    • In 1861, Tsar Alexander II freed the serfs in Russia

    • In 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment freed the slaves in the United States

    • Russia and the United States were countries that ended coerced labor in the decade of the 1860s

    • These coerced labor systems were ended

    • However, life for newly freed serfs and slaves were still difficult and exploitation of labor still occurred – yet freedom is important


    The May Fourth Movement in China

    • On May 4, 1919, Chinese students gathered and held a mass demonstration protesting the peace treaty at the end of World War I that transferred German concessions in China to Japan

    • The students were furious that the Chinese government had agreed to this transfer

    • In a way, the May Fourth Movement was a nationalist movement

    • Over the following weeks, demonstrations occurred throughout the country; several students died or were wounded in these incidents, and more than 1,000 were arrested

    • In the big cities, strikes and boycotts against Japanese goods were begun by the students and lasted more than two months

    • The May Fourth Movement arose out of dissatisfaction with the treaties ending the First World War



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