first comprehensive general psychological theory of the mind and behavior.
One of the first to emphasize the importance of early childhood experience, sex, the unconscious, and dreams.
Demonstrated how physical and physiological disturbances can have psychological origins.
Demonstrated the importance of anxiety to psychological disorders
Comments, criticisms, and evaluation
Psychological conflict is 'normal'; same processes that cause normal behavior cause 'abnormal' behavior
Revealed "defence mechanisms" and their connection to pathology and everyday life.
The ‘discovery’ of unconscious processes
His emphasis on childhood influences on adult behavior, and a comprehensive theory of dreams
Since Freud, the clinical theory as been much more successful than the metapsychology.
Recent psychoanalytic thought has developed the clinical theory along the lines of object relations, self psychology, and narrative theory.