|Shaped by History: East Asia Chapter 25, Section 1
What are some of East Asia’s major achievements?
Great Wall of China; Chinese also invented paper, gunpowder, silk weaving, magnetic compass, and water wheel.
How did culture traits spread within East Asia and from East Asia to the West?
Chinese migrated to Korea around 1200 BC. Migration led to a transfer of Chinese knowledge and customs to the Koreans. Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese had many exchanges of culture and knowledge. In the 1800s Europeans and American began to produce great amounts of manufactured goods. Western trading ships sailed to Asian ports to begin trading.
How did Western trade pressure contribute to the rise of communist nations in East Asia after World War II?
The Chinese people blamed the emperor for the growing foreign influence, so a 1911 revolution replaced the emperor with a republic. A civil war broke out in China after WWII. Nationalists wanted to strengthen China so it could manage without foreigners; Communists wanted to break the power of the landlords and other wealthy people as well as drive out all foreign influence. Both wanted the same thing – foreign influence out of China, but the Communists also wanted to be free of powerful leaders within the country as well. The communists won the civil war.
civilization a society that has cities, a central government, workers who do specialized jobs, and social
emperor ruler of widespread lands and groups of people
dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
migration movement of people from one country/region to another to make a new home
clan group of families who claim a common ancestor
cultural spreading of ideas/culture through the movement of people
Chinese wanted to keep rest of the world out
Chinese migrated to Korean peninsula about 1200 B.C.
Chinese adopted Buddhism
Europeans and Americans produced many goods
Built Great Wall of China
Transfer of knowledge and customs to Koreans.
Buddhism spread to Korean and Japan as cultural diffusion
Began trading with East Asia
SUMMARY: Discoveries and advances in science, technology, and the arts spread within East Asia and to Western nations before conflicts within and beyond East Asia erupted during World War II.
Shaped by History: Southeast Asia Chapter 25, Section 2
How did culture traits spread from China, India, Southwest Asia, and Europe to Southeast Asia?
Early migration and missionaries primarily; later by trade and colonization.
How did colonial rule influence Southeast Asia?
Positive: colonial rulers built roads, bridges, railroads, schools, universities, hospitals, etc. Negative: colonial rulers demanded the farmers grow cash crops, which did not feed the people if the price of the crop dropped or the cash crop failed.
Angkor Wat Built by the Khmer in the rain forests of Cambodia about 1100 A.D., this is the
largest Hindu temple in the world (1 mile X 1 mile).
Cultural Diffusion in Southeast Asia
European Colonial rulers
Foreign Trades and Missionaries
Ideas of Confucius
Ways of farming
Hinduism (@.A.D. 100)
Chinese invaded Southeast Asia (Vietnam specifically) and ruled there for about 1000 years.
Chinese brought ways of farming and ideas of Confucius to run their government.
Confucius was a philosopher (ways of looking at life), not a religious leader.
Religion From where How it got there
Hindu India Trade
Buddhism China Chinese colonization
Islam SW Asia Trade
Christianity Europe Colonization
Before WWII, European colonies in SE Asia; during WWII, occupation by Japan; SE Asian countries hoped this would end colonization, but Japanese rule was as harsh as European rule; after WWII, European colonies again.
Many SE Asian countries fought for – and won! – independence after WWII.
SUMMARY: Culture traits spread from other countries to Southwest Asia through conquest, trade missions, and colonization.
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