They lived in Present day: Oregon, Idaho, and Montana
Whites wanted this land because it was good for mining
They made a deal (Treaty) and moved them to a reservation
Reservation – It was a place where land was exchanged and given to natives for their previous tribal lands. On these lands they would receive annual payments of money, and sometimes just one time payments of money. The natives never liked their reservations.
The Nez Perce and Chief Joseph waged war to keep their land. Killing 13 whites.
Chief Joseph and some of his people tried to flee to Canada to escape. However they were caught.
Chief Joseph after his capture, “I will fight no more forever.”
The Nez Perce were moved to their new lands. But, many died… they were moved again to live with the Ponca Tribe… more died…
They died of diseases, lack of food, and bad conditions.