Sectionalism loyalty to a section or part of the country rather than the whole country. David Walker

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Chapter 14 A Nation Divided grade 5 study guide Name:

  1. Sectionalism loyalty to a section or part of the country rather than the whole country.

  1. David Walker Abolitionist, free African American who argued against slavery

  1. Slave codes laws to control the behavior of slaves

  1. Nat Turner 1831 slave rebellion leader in Southampton County, Virginia (60 whites killed, 100 African Americans)

  1. Joseph Cinque A kidnapped African on board the Spanish “Amistad” slave ship who took control of the ship and demanded the captain to return to Africa. They were tricked, and later enslaved

  1. Underground Railroad Secret system that helped slaves escape to the north

  1. Harriet Tubman “Conductor” of the underground Railroad. An abolitionist

  1. Levi and Catherine Coffin Caucasian teacher who helped more than 2,000 slaves escape to freedom

  1. Missouri Compromise New states north of Arkansas territory would be free states, anything south could allow slavery

  1. Fugitive Slave Law Law that declared escaped slaves had to be returned to owners in the south

  1. Compromise of 1850 California became a free state, and the Fugitive Slave Law was passed

  1. Kansas-Nebraska Act Lets each territory decide if they want to be free or slave territories

  1. Harriet Beecher Stowe Wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin that described the cruelties of slavery (sold 300,000 copies its first year)

  1. Abraham Lincoln 16th President from Springfield, Illinois who was an abolitionist

  1. Secede Break away from the rest of the country. (The South wanted to secede from the North)

  1. Confederacy February 8th, 1861, the South created their own government called the Confederate States of America

  1. Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederate States of America

  1. Union States that remained loyal to the United States Government were called the Union

  1. Civil War War between the Union and Confederates, started at Fort Sumter

Essay Questions: Write all that you know

  1. What were some differences between the North and South that increased tensions between the two regions that would lead to war?

The North had an industrial economy while the south had an economy based on slavery. The North had more population, and better work in the cities. The South had more land, better sanitation, and slaves over populated whites.

  1. What compromises did Congress enact to try to keep the North and South from splitting apart?

Mention and explain 3 of the following:

Missouri Compromise

Compromise of 1850

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Fugitive Slave Laws

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