Section from Chinese Exclusion Act



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Directions: You will each be assigned a group and sections of the Chinese Exclusion Act (CEA) to examine/analyze. Each group member will be responsible for reading their assigned section from the CEA and providing an analysis or understanding of the section, as well as any quote(s) from that express the main idea of the text. Be prepared to share your understanding and quotes from your assigned sections in tomorrow’s class.

Section from Chinese Exclusion Act

Vocabulary & Terms to Know

Analysis, Understanding & Quotes

An Act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese.

Whereas in the opinion of the Government of the United States the coming of Chinese laborers to this country endangers the good order of certain localities within the territory thereof: Therefore,



Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the expiration of ninety days next after the passage of this act, and until the expiration of ten years next after the passage of this act, the coming of Chinese laborers to the United States be, and the same is hereby, suspended; and during such suspension it shall not be lawful for any Chinese laborer to come, or having so come after the expiration of said ninety days to remain within the United States.

Stipulation: a condition or requirement that is specified or demanded as part of an agreement.

Localities: the position or site of something.

Expiration: the ending of the fixed period for which a contract is valid





SEC. 2. That the master of any vessel who shall knowingly bring within the United States on such vessel, and land or permit to be landed, any Chinese laborer, from any foreign port or place, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars for each and every such Chinese laborer so brought, and maybe also imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year.

Vessel: a ship or boat

Permit: to allow

Port: a dock for ships/boats, place of commerce, trade and transportation

Misdemeanor: a felony or crime

Imprisoned: put in jail




SEC. 3. That the two foregoing sections shall not apply to Chinese laborers who were in the United States on the seventeenth day of November, eighteen hundred and eighty, or who shall have come into the same before the expiration of ninety days next after the passage of this act, and who shall produce to such master before going on board such vessel, and shall produce to the collector of the port in the United States at which such vessel shall arrive, the evidence hereinafter in this act required of his being one of the laborers in this section mentioned; nor shall the two foregoing sections apply to the case of any master whose vessel, being bound to a port not within the United States, shall come within the jurisdiction of the United States by reason of being in distress or in stress of weather, or touching at any port of the United States on its voyage to any foreign port or place: Provided, That all Chinese laborers brought on such vessel shall depart with the vessel on leaving port.

Foregoing: the things just mentioned or stated.

Expiration: the ending of the fixed period for which a contract is valid

Vessel: a ship or boat

Hereinafter: further on in this document.

Jurisdiction: the official power to make legal decisions and judgments.

Distress: being in a state of pain, seeking help

Misdemeanor: a felony or crime

Voyage: a journey or long trip

Port: a dock for ships/boats, place of commerce, trade and transportation




SEC.7. That any person who shall knowingly and falsely alter or substitute any name for the name written in such certificate or forge any such certificate, or knowingly utter any forged or fraudulent certificate, or falsely personate any person named in any such certificate, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor; and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisoned in a penitentiary for a term of not more than five years.

Forge: to knowingly produce a false document

Fraudulent: obtained, done by, or involving deception, especially criminal deception

Imprisoned: put in jail

Misdemeanor: a felony or crime

Penitentiary: jail




SEC. 11. That any person who shall knowingly bring into or cause to be brought into the United States by land, or who shall knowingly aid or abet the same, or aid or abet the landing in the United States from any vessel of any Chinese person not lawfully entitled to enter the United States, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, be fined in a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year.

Abet: encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular, to commit a crime or other offense.

Aid: to help or assist

Misdemeanor: a felony or crime

Imprisoned: put in jail





SEC. 12. That no Chinese person shall be permitted to enter the United States by land without producing to the proper officer of customs the certificate in this act required of Chinese persons seeking to land from a vessel. And any Chinese person found unlawfully within the United States shall be caused to be removed therefrom to the country from whence he came, by direction of the President of the United States, and at the cost of the United States, after being brought before some justice, judge, or commissioner of a court of the United States and found to be one not lawfully entitled to be or remain in the United States.

Vessel: a ship or boat





Name: ____________________________________ Date: ___________

Mr. Armstrong SS8 | Aim #: _____

The Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)

Directions: Read the historical overview below. Highlight or underline information that helps you understand the exactly what the Chinese Exclusion Act was and why it was being enforced. You should also highlight or underline reasons why Chinese immigrants where coming to America and the reactions some Americans had regarding their arrival.

Historical Overview & Background Information

Passed in 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was a climax to more than thirty years of progressive racism. Anti-Chinese sentiment had existed ever since the great migration from China during the gold rush, where white miners and prospectors imposed taxes and laws to inhibit the Chinese from success. Racial tensions increased as more and more Chinese emigrated, occupied jobs, and created competition on the job market. By 1882 the Chinese were hated enough to be banned from immigrating; the Chinese Exclusion Act, initially only a ten year policy, was extended indefinitely, and made permanent in 1902. The Chinese resented the idea that they were being discriminated against, but for the most part they remained quiet. In 1943, China was an important ally of the United States against Japan, so the Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed; however, a lasting impact remained. The act was both cause and effect: it came from decades of Chinese discrimination, and initiated decades of Chinese exclusion.

The Chinese flocked to America in search of opportunities; most fled from their collapsing empire for economic reasons. The Gold Rush happened during a period of poverty in China, which both pushed and pulled the Chinese to emigrate. In California, the Chinese newcomers soon became an exploited work force, especially since they were predominantly male, but the wages they received in the burgeoning 1850's economy were still "considerably higher than they could earn at home" (Daniels 15). Many Chinese became miners, and some developed the laundry business (highly lucrative in overpopulated San Francisco).

But opposition in California was both immediate and strong. During the Gold Rush, thousands of Americans from the East, where they had opposed European immigration, frequently came with nativist attitudes. And non-American whites (Irish, Russian), who had suffered from Eastern nativism, saw that in attacking the Chinese, they elevated their own (shaky) status. Thus, Chinese immigrants faced discrimination from many different groups, including American miners, who felt that the hard-working and low-paid Chinese were reducing their wages.




The Chinese Exclusion Act Political Cartoons

DO NOW: Answer the following questions as they pertain to the political cartoons below:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f1/the_only_one_barred_out_cph.3b48680.jpg

  1. According to this political cartoon, what groups of immigrants are allowed to come into the United States and which are not?

  2. Where have we seen or heard the phrase “Golden Gate of Liberty?”

http://digitalhistory.hsp.org/sites/exhibits.hsp.org/files/styles/sig_media/public/27896_ca_object_representations_media_5573_mediumlarge_0.jpg

  1. According to this political cartoon, which group or organization wanted Chinese immigrants to leave California?

  2. What may be the reason for this?

http://www.mhso.ca/tiesthatbindfr/images/headtax_gallery/exclusion_act_xl.jpg

  1. According to this political cartoon, which group of immigrants were allowed to enter the United States with far less restrictions?

  2. What does this political cartoon say about the mindset or ideals of those responsible for creating immigration laws?



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