Bismarck engineered the war between Prussia and France but it must be noted that without the organisation of von Moltke it is possible that the victory over France may never have been secured. However, Bismarck took his opportunity to define the Western Border of ‘Germany’ and thus must be credited with the achievement of German unification.
EMS TELEGRAM: Hohenzollern candidate
CONFEDERATION –NORTH GERMANY
VON MOLTKE: Organisational genius – army
ZOLLVEREIN: “The mighty lever of German Unification” (William Carr)
CULTURAL NATIONALISM: Beethoven