Harriet Tubman grew up as a slave living on a plantation. She was a bit rebellious; she always did things her way. So, she was sent to work in the fields-plowing and digging, cutting hay and tobacco, and chopping would instead of working in the big house. She became strong and tough and ran away from her life in slavery. She used the Underground Railroad to reach freedom. The Underground Railroad was a system of secret routes and hiding places to help enslaved people escape from slavery in the South to freedom in the North. Once Harriet became free, she missed her friends and family and wanted to help them become free, too. So, she became a conductor on the Underground Railroad. A conductor guided runaway slaves, leading them through secret paths and taking them to safe houses. She returned to the South nineteen times, helping many enslaved Africans escape to freedom. She also worked as a nurse and sometimes as a spy for the Union Army. Because she knew all of the roads and secret trails, she was able to spy on the Confederate Army, telling Union generals which direction they were going and how many men they had. After the war, Harriet Tubman moved to Washington D.C., helping newly freed African Americans find jobs and homes and worked for women’s rights to vote.
Describe what Harriet was like as a young girl.
What did Harriet Tubman decide to do after she became a free woman? Why did she do that?
Look carefully at Document B 1. Describe the people that you see. What are the people doing in that picture?
Besides being a conductor on the Underground Railroad, what else did Harriet Tubman do during the Civil War?
What heroic qualities did Harriet Tubman have? What details support this?
Robert E. Lee was the son of a hero from the Revolutionary War who had fought bravely alongside George Washington. Robert E. Lee was born and raised in Virginia. He joined the army at age seventeen and fought in the Mexican-American War. He lived in a plantation home in Virginia, a Confederate state, with his wife, Mary. He did not think that the South should secede from the Union, and at first refused to join the Confederate Army, even when President Jefferson Davis asked him to. But, after Virginia seceded from the Union, he became Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia because he hated the thought of fighting against his home state. All of his soldiers loved him and called him “Old Man” out of respect. His men would cheer and wave their hats whenever Lee rode past to greet them. He tried to keep their spirits high. General Lee won many battles during the Civil War, but eventually surrendered by offering his sword to Ulysses S. Grant. After the war, he moved back to Virginia, but was never the same again. He died five years later, sad and regretful, haunted by all the things he could have or should have done differently during the war, but was still proud to have fought for Virginia.
Describe Robert E. Lee’s youth.
What happened when President Jefferson Davis asked Lee to join the Civil War?
Why did Lee eventually join the war?
How did General Lee’s men feel about him? How can you tell?
Explain what happened to Lee after the Civil War ended.
What heroic qualities did Robert E. Lee have? What details support this?