Key: * = Indicates that the photographic process has not been identified.
** = Indicates that the photographic process has been identified, but the entry itself is otherwise incomplete (director hasn't been verified, original title missing, etc.).
bw = Black and white.
CGI = Animated films which employ computer graphics rather than 'traditional' hand-drawn animation.
col = Colour.
D: = Director.
DV = Indicates a film shot on standard-definition Digital Video cameras.
HD = Indicates a film shot with HD cameras at a native 1.78:1 ratio, subsequently cropped to produce a 2.39:1 release print (35mm and/or D-Cinema).
HD Widescreen = Indicates a film shot with HD cameras that employ a mechanism to alter the shape of the pixels that make up the HD image, thereby 'squeezing' a 2.33:1 or 2.37:1 image into the native 1.78:1 frame. This is subsequently 'unsqueezed' and rendered as a 2.39:1 release print (35mm and/or D-Cinema).
(I) = Indicates a film produced for Internet distribution rather than cinema or home video, though such films may also be distributed across other platforms after their initial 'Net-only' premiere.
(LF) = Large Format: This refers to any gauge larger than 5-perf 70mm, though not including VistaVision, Technirama or the various widescreen formats employed on certain movies throughout the 1920's and early 30's.
seq(s) = Sequence(s).
S16 = Indicates a film shot in Super 16.
(TV) = TV movie: Sometimes a film is produced specifically for television with a view to condensing the material for theatrical exhibition in non-domestic markets. With the dominance of 16:9 TV's and HD sets, allowing for easy letterboxing of 2.35:1 and 2.39:1 movies on wider TV screens, this has prompted some directors to use the scope frame for their TV productions. This is duly noted in the relevant entries.
(V) = This designates a movie produced for - and released directly to - home video. • Entries which do not list a photographic format were shot 'open frame' (usually 1.37:1 for 35mm and/or 1.78:1 for HD) and framed within that open space for a 2.39:1 release print. This is the same principle as 'flat' films which are framed and cropped for a 1.66:1 or 1.85:1 theatrical print, and has more in common with 'cropscreen' than widescreen, though the results are often indistinguishable from the real thing. Some filmmakers use this format to impose a rigorous scope frame, but most of them use it to shoot for a variety of ratios, thereby compromising all of them, especially the intended theatrical ratio. These films are 'widescreen' only in the sense that 2.39:1 is the primary ratio, but they are simply cropped from one frame shape to another and do not employ any special photographic process.