Test Review 1. One result of the rise of European imperialism during the 19th century included the establishment of a British empire that extended into all continents.
2. Using direct observation instead of relying on previous beliefs was a trait of the Scientific Revolution.
3. The emergence of a middle & working class was one way the Industrial Revolution changed European society.
4. Laws of motion = Newton
5. Marie Curie = advances in medicine
6. Robert Boyle = chemistry
7. Many European nations were able to exert power & economic dominance over societies in Asia because the Europeans were more technologically advanced.
8. New economic theories came about during the Industrial Revolution in response to the economic disparities between the wealthy & the working class.
9. Many inventions of the late 1700’s were created to increase the production of textiles (fabrics).
10. Many workers began demanding labor reforms in response to poor factory & urban conditions brought about by the industrialization of the 19th century.
11.Publication of new theories related to astronomy contributed most to the onset of the Scientific Revolution.
12. Copernicus = heliocentric model of the universe
13. Steam powered technologies helped advance industrialization by providing power to run machines & transport goods.
14. Most industrialized countries in Europe experienced a rise in the overall standard of living.
15. European colonization of Africa was driven by the vast natural resources found in Africa.
16. 19th century differed from 16th century colonization – European focus shifted from the Americas to economic domination of Africa & Asia.
17. Assimilation policies of European colonial powers in Africa affected the region because new cultural practices were introduced.
18. The Victorian Era – named after the British Queen Victoria (64-year reign at a time of major social, political, & economic change.)
19. Adam Smith = how market forces operate in economics.
20. The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx & Frederich Engels, proposed the idea that profits from industrialization should be shared by the working class (socialism).
21. Socialism developed in Europe because reformers wanted to improve working conditions.
22. Women & children became wage earners during the Industrial Revolution.
23. Many colonized people responded to European imperialism by organizing resistance movements against the Europeans.
24. During the Industrial Revolution the expansion of free enterprise principles resulted in the accumulation of wealth by factory owners.
25. The Panama Canal & Suez Canal were major canal projects of the era.
26. The canal projects listed above were intended to improve access to colonies & markets.
27. The British colony of India was a major source of cotton, tea, & silk.
28. The British considered control of Egypt critical to their empire because control of the Suez Canal meant quicker access to its colonies in Asia.
29. Because of industrialization the lives of Europeans changed from an agrarian (farming) lifestyle to an urban lifestyle.
30. Aristocrats began to lose its political influence as suffrage was extended to more middle-class men in Britain during the Industrial Revolution.