School of management



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NEW JERSEY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT
HRM601 Organizational Behavior Dr. Naomi Rotter
Session 12: Organizational Structure & Design
I. Basic Characteristics of Organizational Structure

A. What is organizational structure

B. Division of labor

C. Hierarchy of authority

D. Span of control

E. Line vs staff positions

F. Decentralization
II. Differentiation and Integration

A. Differentiation

1. Simple structures

2. Functional structure

3. Product structure

4. Geographic structure

5. Market structure

6. Matrix structure

7. Virtual organizations

B. Integration

1. Hierarchy of authority

2. Direct contact and supervision

3. Liaison roles

4. Teams, committees, task forces

5. Standardization and formalization
III. Mechanistic and Organic Organizational Designs

  1. Mechanistic

  2. Organic design and dynamic conditions


IV. Organizational Effectiveness and Organizational Structure
A. Criteria of effectiveness

  1. Relationship of effectiveness to structure: Organizational size




  1. New Organizational Designs

    1. Joint Ventures, Networked Organizations, Virtual Organizations

    2. E-Commerce as an example of the Virtual Organizations

    3. . Enabling factors


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