BINARY OPPOSITIONS??? "fixed always in the same way" is her definition (40). And this is a good definition. And because there is this idea of a binary opposition "woman/man" there is a problem. If you want to get at the problems under the category of female, you need to interrogate the category that it is somehow universally opposite something called "male." This is ahistorical. What we need to do in refuting binary oppositions is to not accept categories as somehow natural. What is needed is a deconstruction—looking at a binary opposition in context and asking questions of how it operates; that is, not merely accepting the existence of such phenomena, but analyzing how they were created by getting to their root, as JS says, "reversing and displacing its hierarchical construction" (41).