Chapter 11 Study Guide
1. Who help the secrets of the British textile industry and made it possible to build the first successful water-powered textile mill in America. Samuel Slater
2. A factory system is when workers and machines came together under one roof, usually near a source of water to power the machines.
3. Robert Fulton was responsible for the steamboat that improved transportation by carrying people and goods faster, even against a river current or a strong wind.
4. Samuel F. B. Morse invented the telegraph that allowed a person to communicate almost instantly with other people in distant places.
5. The Industrial Revolution was when machines replaced hand tools, and large-scale manufacturing replaced farming as the main source of work.
6. Young girls lived in company-owned boardinghouses and worked in factories for 12 hours a day located at Lowell.
7. The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney.
8. What invention encouraged Southerners to grow more cotton? Cotton Gin
9. The songs in which enslaved people of the South expressed their religious beliefs or passed coded messages were called spirituals
10. Who led an armed revolt of some 70 slaves? Nat Turner
11. Hoping to build a stronger economy for the nation, Kentucky congressman Henry Clay proposed a plan of action that he called the American System.
12. In an 1823 statement known as the Monroe Doctrine, the United States announced that the Americas would be closed to any more colonization by European nations.
13. The United States's victory in the War of 1812 brought a spirit of nationalism that inspired Americans to work together.
14. In the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Congress settled an argument over the issue of slavery in new states to be admitted to the Union.
15. As each region of the country developed differently, a spirit called sectionalism grew, in which people put the interests of their own region ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole.
16. Samuel F. B. Morse created the telegraph which allowed people to communicate over long distances.
17. What idea of Eli Whitney transformed manufacturing by making each copy of a manufactured item exactly alike? interchangeable parts
18. Where were most of the nation's early factories built? New England
19. Improvements in transportation changed life in the 1800s by making the movement of people and products cheaper and easier.
20. About which region did Monroe specifically direct part of his Monroe Doctrine? Latin America
21. The "American System" was a plan to make the United States economically self-sufficient.
22. The Missouri Compromise was a plan to allow slavery to spread into some areas but not others.
23. In 1818 and 1819, the United States settled border disputes with which countries? Britain and Spain
24. There was a great deal of trade between the Northeast and the Midwest.
25. The Supreme Court rule in the case Gibbons v.Ogden stated that only the federal government had the right to control interstate commerce.
26. About 8 percent of African Americans in the South were free. In the South in the 1840s?
27. The Supreme Court's rulings in such cases as McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v Ogden helped to create a stronger federal government.
28. The Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 gave Florida to the United States
29. The Missouri Compromise maintained the balance of power between Free states and slave states in the U.S. Senate.
30. Most of the nation's early factories were located in New England because swift-moving streams and rivers provided a source of power.
31. The War of 1812 encourage the growth of U.S. manufacturing when Americans had to make their own products because a British blockade kept European products out of the United States.
32. The invention of the cotton gin affected Native Americans by forcing them from their lands as cotton farming spread westward.
33. Slaveholders tried to control African Americans in the South by passing laws that severely limited the rights of free blacks.
34. The Erie Canal stimulated the growth of what city? New York City
35. John Deere created the Steel Plow
36. What was the most important crop in the South? Cotton
37. According to the Missouri Compromise Maine would enter the Union as a Free State.
38. According to the Missouri Compromise Missouri would enter the Union as a Slave state.
39. What country did the Unites States sign the Rush- Bagot Agreement with? Great Britain
40. Francis Cabot Lowell brought the power loom from Britain to the United States.
41. Lowell girls worked 12 hours a day in deafening noise.
42. In 1837, Samuel F.B. Morse first demonstrated his telegraph.
43. Erie Canal created a water route between New York City and Buffalo.
44. Form of production in which many supervised workers tend machines under one roof. Factory System
45. James Monroe won the presidency in 1816 one Boston newspaper called the Era of Good feelings.