Sample Explorers DBQ During the age of exploration Spain built one of the richest and strongest empires in the world. Events such as the Renaissance, and Crusades gave European explorers the tools and motives to discover a new sea route to the Far East. As a result, Spain began to support explorers on expeditions to expand their empire. Three things that motivated Spanish explorers were gold, glory, and god. Theses three motives allowed Spain to grow and prosper, but also had a variety of negative effects on Native Americans.
One goal that motivated Spanish exploration was gold. Cortes, a Spanish Conquistador, did this when he killed Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, and took their gold for the Spanish empire. Over time, Cortes and other conquistadores forced thousands of natives to work in mines so that the Spanish empire could profit from their findings. Obtaining gold and riches was very important to conquistadors. Spanish soldiers known as conquistadors would do anything to protect their treasure and often forced Native Americans to find gold for them (Document 5). The effect that gold had on the Native Americans was death and slavery.
A second goal that motivated Spanish exploration was glory. According to document 3, glory was essential to Spanish exploration. The document shows Christopher Columbus presenting gold and Native Americans to Queen Isabella, King Ferdinand, and the entire Spanish Court. After Columbus proved to the Spanish that his first voyage was successful he became famous, and was granted permission to sail back across the Atlantic to establish colonies for Spain. Another Spanish explorer who gained glory during the age of exploration was Vasco Nunez de Balboa when he became the first European to set eyes on the Pacific Ocean, claiming it for Spain. The effect that glory had on Native Americans was that most of them lost their lands to Spanish explorers and governors.
A final goal that motivated Spanish exploration was god. According Queen Isabella’s diary, god also fueled Spanish exploration. Queen Isabella states, “because we desire that the said Indians be converted to our Holy Catholic Faith and be taught its doctrines.” Queen Isabella is explaining her desire to have the Indians converted to Christianity (document 2). One way that the Spanish accomplished this goal in the New World was by sending priests to establish missions which were specifically created to convert Native Americans to the Catholic Faith. The effect that god had on Native Americans was that they were forced to forget their polytheistic ways and adopt Christianity.
While the Age of Exploration was heralded as a time of prosperity for European nations, the lives of Native Americans changed in a very negative ways. Since the Spanish were motivated by gold, glory, and god, Native Americans were subject to slavery, loss of land, and religious persecution. Ultimately, the Americas and its people would never be the same after Europeans colonized the area during the Age of Exploration.