Rwanda was granted independence from Belgium in 1962 and the Hutu took power
Exiled Tutsi refugees in Uganda, supported by some moderate Hutus, formed the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) with an aim to overthrow the current Hutu Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana and secure their right to return to their homeland
Habyarimana chose to exploit this threat as a way to bring dissident Hutus back to his side, and Tutsis inside Rwanda were accused of being RPF collaborators
The genocide was sparked by the death of the Habyarimana when his plane was shot down near Kigali airport on April 6, 1994.
Ethnic mythologies and propaganda used by Hutu
Tutsis seen by Hutu as culturally alien to Rwanda
Tutsis occupied privileged status under Belgian rule