Russian History



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Russian History


MOSCOW

Day 1

Arrival. No transfer. Hotel accommodation is not included


Day 2

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1/2 Day Moscow Sightseeing incl Stalin’s 7 sisters, a panoramic bus tour of Russia’s capital. Red Square, Moscow’s most beautiful historical site housing marvelous St Basil’s Cathedral, Russian-style Historical Museum, a small but charming Kazan Cathedral, GUM grand shopping mall, constructivist Lenin’s mausoleum. Drive along the monumental red-brick Kremlin walls and towers to marvel at the Kremlin architectural ensemble included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Photo stop for a splendid panorama of the Kremlin. Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, a colossal Byzantine basilicas, Russia’s spiritual revival. Novodevichy Convent, a beautiful 16th c. architectural ensemble. Vorobiovy Gory, the highest spot in Moscow, site of Moscow University, one of the seven Stalin’s skyscrapers. Photo stop for a fantastic panorama view of the city. White House the government building, a landmark of post reformed Russia. Lubyanka Square and a monumental building of the former KGB. Moscow boulevards, city’s cultural center with many museums, theaters and memorial places. Theater Square with Bolshoi and Maly theatres, exclusive hotels and Moscow’ main Tverskaya Street nearby.





Lunch - Stolovia 57 Gum



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The Kremlin. Take a walking tour of the Kremlin territory surrounded by monumental red brick walls and towers. Former residence of Russia’s tsars, the Kremlin is an architectural ensemble of unique beauty which took shape in the 15th-20th centuries. Highlights of the Kremlin: Tsar Cannon and Tsar Bell, a stunning example of old Russian casting; the Grand Kremlin Palace, former imperial residence and nowadays official gala reception quarters; historical buildings of the Senate and Arsenal; the 20th c.Palace of Congresses. Inside visit to a gold-domed cathedral to marvel at frescoes and icons created by old masters.

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Day 3
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Great Patriotic War Museum & Barodino Panorama. This large museum complex is dedicated to Russia’s Patriotic War of 1812 against Napoleon invaders. The exposition features Izba Kutuzova, a small wooden house preserved as a national monument. It was here that Russian field-marshal Kutuzov held a historic general staff meeting after the bloody battle at Borodino and announced a hard-made decision to abandon Moscow and let the French enter the city. The Borodino Battle Panorama features the enormous panorama canvas showing battle scenes and the great fire of Moscow set by residents on leaving their homes with the retreating Russian army. Also on display are battle banners, weapons, ammunition and uniforms of the Russian army. A separate section shows captured guns and banners of the European countries who participated in Napoleon’s invasion. The double-level observation platform allows visitors to have a good view of the entire panorama and to examine closely the details of the battle.




Lunch







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Historic Museum. Located in Red Square The State Historical Museum of Russia houses the supremely rich collection of artifacts found in Russia from ancient times to early 20th c. A visit to the museum is an excellent introduction to the history of Russia. The museum halls host unique collections of manuscripts, first printed books, old weaponry, full-dress uniforms, icons, old garments and many more. The Front Hall offers concerts of classical, choral and spiritual music, and Russian romance songs.



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Metro Tour. With the first line opened in 1935, the Moscow Metro is one of the most efficient and extensive networks in the world. It is distinguished for the artistic decoration of the Soviet-era stations, each one doesn’t repeat itself. Many of the stations are decorated with marble columns, sculptures, mosaics, and stained glass. The most beautiful stations are the old ones located in the city center, such as Revolution Square, Mayakovskaya, Kievskaya, Novoslobodskaya. In WWW II some metro stations served as a shelter against bombs.


Day 4
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Bunker 42 (Cold War Museum). Built in the center of Moscow for the strategic air command headquarters in case of a nuclear attack, the former top secret bunker is now a museum which features old uniforms, model airplanes, pilot gear, maps, electronic equipment and posters on topics like how to find shelter during a nuclear attack. The wax figure of Stalin dominates his office he never visited as he died before the bunker became operational in 1956. The guide will tell the story of the bunker and take you to one of the mile-long tunnels constructed 18 floors below the ground level.



Day 5

Departure. No transfer





RUSSIAN HISTORY, MOSCOW

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ST PETERSBURG


Day 1

Arrival. No transfer. Hotel accommodation is not included


Day 2
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1/2 Day Sightseeing, a panoramic bus tour of Russia’s second largest city called Venice of the North for the numerous canals and islands. Created by Peter the Great to be his “window on Europe” and Russia’s new capital, St Petersburg is the city of palaces and museums, broad avenues and beautiful bridges. Nevsky Prospect, 4.5 km long thoroughfare which cuts through the historic center of the city. Lined up with marble palaces, fashionable boutiques and art salons, trading rows and arcades, Nevsky boasts such architectural masterpieces as the Admiralty, majestic Kazan Cathedral, the picturesque Russian-style Church of Our Savior on Spilled Blood, Gostiny Dvor shopping mall, the majestic monument to Catherine the Great, magnificent Anichkov Bridge, Alexander Nevsky Lavra with charming Trinity Cathedral and the cemetery where Dostoevsky and other Russian celebrities are buried. Drive along the Neva River embankments to view the imperial Winter Palace and world renowned Hermitage, Peter and Paul Fortress, the cradle of Russia’s new capital, St Isaac’s Cathedral, one of the biggest domed churches in the world, and the Bronze Horseman, monument to Peter the Great. Proceed to the Summer Garden with an old royal palace and a collection of marvelous Italian Statues and sculpture, the Field of Mars with the eternal flame in the center of the monument to victims of revolutions and wars. Take pictures of the Spilled Blood Cathedral at the background. Now you are on Square of Arts with a cluster of museums, theatres and concert halls, all built in similar design to form a perfect architectural ensemble. Visit Palace Square to marvel at Alexander Column, the world’s biggest free-standing monument 50 meters high and 600 tons in weight, and the Triumphal Arch of the General Staff building.





Lunch



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The Hermitage. The State Hermitage is one of the world’s largest and most prestigious museums. The collection started by Catherine the Great, boasts over 3 million exhibits from fascinating Scythian gold articles and Oriental treasures to masterpieces by great Renaissance masters and French impressionists. The Hermitage collection is so large that if you were to see all the works on display and stop for one minute viewing each exhibit, you’ll need approximately nine years.





Day 3
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Peterhof Palace + Gardens. Peterhof is an immensely luxurious and beautifully preserved imperial estate, located on the southern shore of the Finnish Gulf 29 kilometers from St Petersburg. Founded by Peter the Great and remodeled by his daughter Empress Elizabeth to be “Russian Versailles” the Grand Palace features such masterpieces as the ornate Ceremonial Staircase, the richly gilded Ballroom, the splendid white-and-turquoise Throne Room, the Oriental Chinese Study. Admire the interiors of the royal family's private quarters decorated with particularly fine silk and wall hangings. Walk around the beautiful landscaped Park and marvel at the Grand Cascade, the most famous ensemble of fountains which runs from the northern facade of the Grand Palace to the Marine Canal, and comprises 64 fountains, over 200 bronze statues, bas-reliefs, and other decorations. Hear a fascinating explanation of how the fountains operate without the use of pumps.





Lunch


entrance to the museum of the defense and siege of leningrad from solyanoy pereulok in st petersburg, russia


State Museum of the Defense and Blockade of Leningrad. This small but extremely moving museum commemorates the most harrowing period of the city’s history – the 900 day siege of Leningrad in 1941-44, when over 700,000 civilians died of hunger and shells. The museum displays show the military and civilian sides of the siege through photos, armaments, newspaper articles, diaries kept by German officers, personal effects of soldiers and officers.


Day 4
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Pushkin. Located 25 kilometers south of St Petersburg, Pushkin (former Tsarskoye Selo, the Imperial summer residence) is world known for the majestic Russian baroque Catherine Palace. Visit the Grand Hall, a huge ballroom decorated with gilded woodcarvings and mirrors; the Picture Gallery with paintings by European masters; the Dining Room with magnificent porcelain dinner services; the Study of Alexander I, the grandson of Catherine the Great. Admire the gorgeous Amber Room faced with natural amber of different colors and hear the story of its re-creation.





Lunch


Day 5

Departure. No transfer to the airport



RUSSIAN HISTORY, ST PETERSBURG

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RUSSIAN HISTORY, MOSCOW + ST PETERSBURG







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