2. The position of the Russian Interior Ministry GKVV
Structure: 3. Financial management of the High Command of Internal Troops of the Russian Interior Ministry
4. Artillery Russian Interior Ministry troops
5. Management to work with the staff of the High Command of Internal Troops Russia
6. Legal control of the High Command of Internal Troops Russia
7. Aviation Administration Command MVD Russia
8. Directorate of Combat Training Command MVD Russia
9. Arms and equipment of the High Command of Internal Troops Russia
10. The rear of the High Command of Internal Troops of the Russian Interior Ministry
11. Military-medical management of the High Command of Internal Troops Russia
12. Central Sports Club of the Russian Interior Ministry Internal Troops
13. Engineering Department of the General Staff of the High Command of Internal Troops Russia
14. Organizational and Mobilization Department of the General Staff of the High Command of Internal Troops Russia
Regional Commands: 1. Eastern Regional Command of Internal Troops of the Russian Interior Ministry
2. Siberian Regional Command
3. Ural Regional Command
4. North West Regional Command
5. Privolzhskoye Regional Command
6. North-Caucasian Regional Command of Internal Troops Russia
7. Central regional command of the Russian Interior Forces
MORE: 1. Center for Engineering and Technical Support Russian Interior Ministry troops
2. The central node of communication Russian Interior Ministry troops
3. A separate division of operational use
After the Revolution, in 1918, the Order of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the convoy guard was reorganized on new principles, and a year later the Council of Workers 'and Peasants' Defence made the decision to unite all forces auxiliary facilities that existed in some departments, and establishing internal security forces of the Republic. Subsequently troops Vohra, VNUS, the Cheka-OGPU-NKVD repeatedly reorganized, but the problem remained the same - protecting the public from any threat, including foreign policy. So it was a civil war, and during incidents on the lake Hasan and river Halkin-Gol, and in the Soviet-Finnish War.
In a dramatic 30's best team personnel were repressed, the victim of trumped-up cases of the mythical "conspiracy among the troops of the NKVD."
In World War II units and NKVD troops against the enemy in the border areas, defended Moscow and Leningrad, the Brest Fortress, Kiev, Odessa, Voronezh, Stalingrad, defending the North Caucasus, were engaged in heavy fighting at Kursk. During the war in battle was attended by 53 divisions and 20 brigades of the NKVD. 18 units were awarded orders and honorary titles. In the fight with the enemy lost their lives 97 700 troops troops. For courage and heroism in battle for their country, more than 100 thousand soldiers and officers received state awards, 295 students of the Internal Troops became Heroes of Soviet Union, and Major General AI Rodimtsev Major General II Fesin and major VM Golubev won it the title twice.
The glorious fighting traditions of the Internal Troops have inherited new generation of soldiers in the postwar period. Additional internal troops was entrusted to protect scientific research institutions, the nuclear industry and rocketry. Performing the tasks of maintaining public order, essential public facilities, correctional labor institutions, the escorting prisoners, personnel of military units showed military skill, vigilance and courage. For their dedication and courage in the performance of military duty in the parts list for ever enrolled 48 soldiers, sergeants, warrant officers and officers.
In peacetime, soldiers order to protect the population from natural and manmade disasters. The troops involved in the accident in the plant "Mayak" in 1957, the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Among the first were sent to the Spitak earthquake destroyed. In Nagorno-Karabakh, Fergana, North Ossetia and Ingushetia, in other hot spots soldiers suppress the collision of the opposing sides, disarming criminals, guarding the refugees.
The soldiers of internal troops conscientiously fulfilled the task assigned by the President of Russia to resolve the Chechen crisis in 1994-1996. Participating since 1999 in counterterrorism operations in the North Caucasus region, more than 11 thousand officers, warrant officers, sergeants and soldiers honored with state awards.
Tribute to Russian Interior Ministry troops to protect the rights and freedoms of the citizens from criminal and other illegal encroachments by Presidential Decree № 394 on March 19, 1996 Day set of internal troops of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. By historical tradition it is celebrated annually on March 27.
Now the soldiers are involved in law enforcement protection of public order in the streets and other areas of cities and towns of the Russian Federation. Under the protection of the internal forces are important public facilities, including nuclear energy company. The presence of soldiers in order Southern Administrative District of the North Caucasus region remains one of the main stabilizing factors in the south of Russia.
Focus, content and nature of the reforms in the country, including in the field of internal security of the Russian Federation demanded the qualitative improvement of the efficiency of the entire system of the Russian Interior Ministry and its constituent parts - the internal forces to ensure public safety, the protection of all forms of property, prevention of and suppression of criminal manifestations of political extremism and terrorism, public order and deal effectively with the service and combat missions in the areas of international conflicts. This is what is dictated and determined by the need to bring Russian Interior Ministry troops in the state corresponding to the needs of internal security of the Russian Federation and maintain in readiness, ensuring the full implementation of the tasks.
Today, forces develop in ways to optimize the composition and strength, improve operational use, develop and implement new training programs for military activities on the improvement of education of personnel, improve the overall combat, technical and logistic support of military units and formations. Further development of the internal forces provide to enhance their role in combating crime and policing in the country.
Russian President VV Putin on the expanded board of the Interior Ministry in February 2003, noted the work of internal military forces, especially their special units, in connection with the tasks of combating terrorism and strengthening the authorities in the Chechen Republic. Until 2004, the internal troops are plans to create Special Forces as a separate component of internal troops, designed to strengthen the fight against organized crime in the federal districts, the tasks in the North Caucasus region of Russia.
February 21, 2002 at the Cathedral Square of the Moscow Kremlin Russian President Vladimir Putin solemnly handed the chief of internal troops, Vyacheslav Tikhomirov, Army Gen. Banner Interior Ministry of Russia. Banner of the internal troops - a symbol of progress to internal forces for their nearly two centuries. It would further increase the authority of law enforcement troops, support troops in their efforts with the strong results of performing the tasks.
November 10, 2002 in Moscow near the building of the High Command of Internal Troops of Russia opened a monument to "Warriors of the Internal Troops." So perpetuate the memory of all generations of military forces of law and order, killed in the line of duty. Composition is a Stele of granite and 9 meters high sculpture of a grieving mother. At the opening ceremony of the monument was attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
C 2008 in the Russian Interior Ministry troops have been significant changes. Management districts converted into seven regional commands (North-West, Central, North Caucasus, Volga, Urals, Siberian, Eastern), whose boundaries are associated with the boundaries of federal constituencies. Operational units of the brigade transferred to destination basis, which increased the mobility and control of these units. In order to strengthen law enforcement is an active re-orientation of the troops, from their composition are derived and established procedures referred to the Armed Forces of the Russian heavy weaponry, including tanks. Priority is given as special weapons and special armored vehicles. Well established special car hidden reservations, which are used extensively in the North Caucasus region. The troops entered a fundamentally new command post vehicle based on vehicle "Tiger", which has the most advanced radio system, satellite, special, and government communications. There is an active introduction to the system of command and control of the latest digital communications technology, the forming of the information telecommunication system, which includes the regional command and control center Joint Group of Forces (forces) in the North Caucasus region of Russia.
Further development of the internal forces provide to enhance their role in the fight against terrorism and crime in the Russian Federation. Thus, in the Southern Federal District, they are built into the existing security system. Created by order of the President of the Russian Federation in 2004, the Group operational management of the combined forces and means at the operational headquarters of the Russian Federation have proven effective. As shown by recent events in Dagestan, Ingushetia and Kabardino-Balkaria, the creation of these groups was correct, thoughtful and timely.
Internal forces were actively involved in the aftermath of a humanitarian catastrophe in South Ossetia in August 2008 during the Georgian-South Ossetian conflict. Forces in those difficult days, performed tasks to ensure the safety of road construction and traffic routes humanitarian convoys, supported jointly with officers of the Interior rule of law in the border with South Ossetia regions of the Russian Federation.
One of the most important areas of service and combat activity of troops continues to perform tasks in the North Caucasus region of Russia, including in the Joint Group of Forces (forces). Thus the main burden of dealing with gang bear our troops and special forces unit of intelligence.
The troops are new in its structure and purpose of military units - Centers for special purposes. At equipping them with modern military equipment arrives, the latest examples of small arms and special means. The creation of centers for special purposes Interior Ministry of Russia is another milestone in the further development of the forces that will bring special forces units to a new professional level, improve their military capabilities and will significantly expand the range of combat capabilities.
In 2008, the first such center has already created a separate division within the operational use of internal forces based on the Special Forces detachment "Vityaz".
The troops established a system of military education, including special forces and intelligence operations in the mountains. A unique educational mountain training center in the Krasnodar region. Implemented a training program for action in the mountains, purchased mining equipment, climbing equipment and special equipment.
One of the links in the system of government measures to combat terrorism in the region and cover the border is a regiment of operational use Russian interior troops, stationed in Nalchik. The personnel of the regiment specially prepared for operations in mountainous terrain.
Since 2009, the internal troops launched an international co-operation on the mountain training. Training center in the mountain training of internal troops conducted joint training with internal troops and Interior Ministry of Russia employees of a special unit of the National Gendarmerie in France. During the return visit of Special Forces officers, internal troops, they, together with their colleagues from the law enforcement agency of France practiced skills training climbing in winter conditions in the Alps.
The troops are actively study issues related to the upcoming participation in the security at the Winter Olympics in Sochi in 2014. It is planned to create a group that will participate in the maintenance of public order, protect the Olympic Village, the airport, to cover the place of the games from the waters and mountain ranges.
Today Russian Interior Ministry troops are considered to be one of the most important parts of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, have a strong human resources and technical capacity, operational capability, well-equipped and mobile units. They play a major role in preventing, localizing and neutralizing armed conflicts, and as constant readiness forces are a major component of the state military organization to ensure the internal security of the Russian Federation.