stronghold in Granada on the Iberian Peninsula by the year 1492
to Jews and Moors; Spanish economy declines when these educated ethnic groups
are forced to leave the Iberian Peninsula.
THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE
because ever since Otto I, the emperors have always been crowned by a pope.
(Charlemagne was the 1st unofficial Holy Roman Emperor because he too ruled German
lands, but the name “Holy Roman Empire” did not exist at the time he ruled as “Emperor
of the Romans”)
empire); a treaty called the Concordat (agreement) of Worms ends the lay investiture
problem between pope and Emperor but the power struggle continues.
in an alliance called the Lombard League to successfully defeat the emperor.
(from the German word “burg” meaning “town”).
Germany is established in 1871.
____________________1. Identify “A”
_____________________2. Identify “B”
_____________________3. Identify “C”
_____________________4. Identify “D”
_____________________5. Identify “E”
_____________________6. Which Phoenician city is represented by the black dot?
_____________________7. Which Spanish kingdom, located closest to N. Africa,
had once been a stronghold of the Muslims?
_____________________8. Name the sea that is partially surrounded by the Byzantine