Use Chapter 5 Section 2 and 3 in your book to complete the following activities The Magna Carta was an agreement between whom? Why was it created?
The Magna Carta was an agreement between King John and English noblemen and was created because the king needed money to pay for a war.
What rights were guaranteed by the Magna Carta? To whom were they guaranteed?
Rights: they could not have their property seized by the king or his officials; they could not be taxed unless a council of prominent men agreed, they could be punished only by a jury of their peers, the powers of the king were limited.
Over time these rights were guaranteed to all English people.
What was the model for the colonists’ representative government? Describe the structure of this model and who made up each part.
Parliament was the model. Parliament was made up of two houses: House of Commons-elected by the people, House of Lords-nonelected nobles, judges, and church officials
What two factors lead to the growth of elected representative bodies in the colonies?
What did the Albany Plan of Union call for and why was it rejected?
Called for all the colonies to band together, have each colony send representatives to a Grand Council that would be able to collect taxes, raise armies, make treaties, and start new settlements.
The colonies did not want to give up control of their own affairs/ did not want to give up power
How did William Pitt and the British government approach fighting the war, and what effect did this approach have on the war?
He sent the nation’s best generals to American and borrowed money to pay colonial troops for fighting.