POLYTHEISM, DERIVATIVE FROM GREEKS, BUT RELIGION NOT REALLY IMPORTANT TO THE AVERAGE ROMAN. CHRISTANITY DEVELOPED, BUT WAS NOT DOMINANT UNTIL VERY LATE.
Aryan religious stories written down into Vedas. Hunduism became the dominant religion- believed in reincarnation, karma, dharma, Moksha, etc.
Confucianism dominated social and political structures in Han China. Buddhism appeared. Buddhism believed that women and every social class was capable of reaching Nirvana. It put a lot of emphasis on the Eightfold Path to Righteousness and the Four Noble Truths.
Very influential in trading between the central Asian nomads. Romans traded horses, alfalfa, grapes, melons, walnuts. They received silk, peaches, apricot, pottery and paper.
Part of the silk road and Indian ocean trade set up many stations to trade. Trade was essential to economy. Traded between the Romans.
Helped expand the silk road as a part of the economic stimulus. Traded mostly horses, created the stirrup. Asian nomads were the centralized part of the overall trade in the area.
Paterfamalies-Male dominated families. Wealth based on land ownership. Middle class of merchants grew during the empire as well as inequality
Guptan society was based off the caste system’s social hierarchy. Women’s status declined during the empire.
Family was the basic unit in Han society. Wealth was based on the amount of land a person owned. Rural and urban areas were extremely divided. The society was basically Patriarchal and reinforced be Confucianism
Rome gained total control of the Meditarranean in the Punic wars. Began in the Italian Peninsula.
Northern India, Central India, not as far south as the Mauryan dynasty
Extended Borders, opened trade into the Meditarranean
Began after about 180 CE
Decline in population because of growing difficulties