Robert W. Strayer Ways of the World: a brief Global History

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  • The shoguns allied with the merchant class to develop a market-based economy and to invest heavily in agricultural and industrial enterprises.

  • Local and state authorities acted to protect and renew forests.

  • The outcome was the dramatic slowing of Japan’s population growth, the easing of an impending ecological crisis, and a flourishing, highly commercialized economy.

  • In order to obtain silver needed to pay their taxes, more and more people had to sell something—either labor or their products.

  • Areas that devoted themselves to growing mulberry trees, on which silkworms fed, had to buy their rice from other regions. The Chinese economy became more regionally specialized.

  • In southern China, this surging economic growth resulted in the loss of about half the area’s forest cover as more and more land was devoted to cash crops.

10. What may have increased the demand for furs in the early modern era?

A period of cooling temperatures and harsh winters known as the Little Ice Age (Original: p. 445; With Sources: p. 685)
11. Describe the impact of the fur trade on North American native societies.

(Original: p. 447 With Sources: p. 687)

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