Risk Assessment and Risk Management Plan Application for licence for dealings involving intentional release of a genetically modified organism into the environment dir 034/2003 Title: Field Trial of Genetically Modified Cotton

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Summary of issues raised


Consideration in the RARMP



… strongly support the proposed field trial.

… RM plan sufficiently covers the minimal risks attached to this technology.

Potential of insects to develop resistance managed by cotton industry’s Resistance Management Strategy that minimises this threat.

Introduction of new genes such as vip3A is crucially important for long-term sustainability of GMO technology. Stacking of different genes in commercial crops is seen as one of the best measures to improve efficacy of the plants as well as to reduce risk of resistance development in insects.

Cotton has been grown in north-western NSW for over 40 years. Despite the large amount of seed left outside farms over years, cotton plants have not been able to establish themselves as weeds.


APPENDIX 10 References
Addison, S. (2001a). Bollgard II - Non-target arthropod East 1999/2000. Report No. MAL-200124, Monsanto Australia, Melbourne.

Addison, S. (2001b). Bollgard II - Non-target arthropod East 2000/2001. Report No. MAL-200126, Monsanto Australia, Melbourne.

Addison, S. (2001c). Bollgard II - Non-target arthropod West 2000. Report No. MAL-200125, Monsanto Australia, Melbourne.

Amabile-Cuevas, C.F., Chicurel, M. (1993). Horizontal gene transfer. American Scientist 81: 332-341.

ANZFA (2002). Draft assessment report (Full assessment - S.15) Application A436: Oil and linters derived from insect-protected cotton containing event 15985. Report No. Full assessment - S.15 Application A436, Australia New Zealand Food Authority, Canberra, Australia.

Aoki, S., Syono, K. (1999). Horizontal gene transfer and mutation: Ngrol genes in the genome of Nicotiana glauca. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96: 13229-13234.

Baker, H.G.(1965). The genetics of colonizing species: Characteristics and modes of origin of weeds. In HG Baker, GL Stebbins, eds "The Genetics of Colonizing Species". Academic Press, New York and London, pp 147-172.

Baker, H.G. (1974). The evolution of weeds. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 1-24.

Baron, L.S., Gemski, P., Johnson, E.M., Wohlhieter, J.A. (1968). Intergeneric bacterial matings. Bacteriological Reviews

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