Rise of the -isms

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Rise of the -Isms

Greenberg - Spring 2016

Essential Questions:

  1. How did the differing ideologies of conservatism, liberalism, and socialism reflect sharp divisions in society?

  2. How are the new “isms” of the 18th and 19th Century a reaction to the changes brought by Industrialization?

  3. How Romanticism view society and history? How was this a reaction to the times?

  4. How and why does nationalism become an important ideology during this time and how do nationalistic feelings result in revolution?

  5. How do revolutionaries put these new “isms” and ideologies into practice?


Class Topic

Homework/Reading: due day after it is assigned


ISMS of Art: Romanticism as symbolic of the times

pp 667-672

1. Explain the features of the Congress of Vienna both as a diplomatic treaty and as a reaction to the liberalism of The French Revolution and Napoleon.
PP 672-675

Just read to understand the elements of Romanticism paying specific attention to Romantic Nationalism and Romanticisms’ view of Industrialization.


The Congress of Vienna and the Political Spectrum in Europe

PP 705-708 Just read as review from last semester

Read the definition of liberalism on p. 705 to review from last semester. Understand the origins of Socialism and Marxism and be able to explain the differences and similarities between the two ideologies. (Know key figures in each of the ideologies).

p. 703 Read the definition of Nationalism under the “Spell of Nationalism” section.


Early 19th Century Nationalistic Events

p. 675-679

2. Be able to explain how the revolutions of the 1820s are a reaction to conservatism and are nationalist. Focus on Greece, Italy and also why Great Britain was “different” during this period.


Early 19th Century Nationalist Events

pp. 709-711

3. Explain the causes and results of the French Revolution of 1848. Explain how this is an example of the rise of new –isms or ideologies of the time and how it is a result of the “Hungry ‘40s”


Revolutions of 1848

What –isms are primarily responsible for each case study?

PP 711-712 Just read

Explain/understand the causes and results of the Italian Revolution of 1848. Understand how this is an example of the new ISMS or ideologies of the time.

PP. 712-715

4. Explain/understand the causes and results of the Revolutions in Central Europe in 1848. Explain how this is an example of the rise of new ISMS or ideologies of the time. How did governments try to re-impose order or Conservatism?


Revolutions of 1848

pp. 679-681 & 705-706

  1. Explain the brief rise of Conservatism in GB and the rise of liberal reforms in Great Britain in the 1830s. Explain the ideological clash over the Corn Laws in the 1840s.


Why were there no revolutions in England and Russia?

pp. 704-705 Just Read about Slavic Nationalism and Irish Nationalism

Prepare for test


Introduction to next unit: the Age of Nation States

Prepare for test


Test: MC and SAQ

Key Terms on back!! ----------------------------------------

Rise of the –Isms Test

Because we are starting a new semester, and because this unit is so dense with both big ideas and details, I wanted to provide you with a study guide that also included reminders and tips for how to study and prepare.

SAQ Preparation

Short Answer Questions are sometimes based on a quote or document and sometimes based on main ideas from the unit. When approaching a Short Answer Question first, make sure you read and understand the question and know the big ideas the question is getting at. Next, things of specific examples that can be used as evidence to answer what the question is asking. Make sure you explain those details completely in answer to the question.

MC and SAQ Prep:

Use KEY TERMS, HW AND CLASS WORK questions to review details of the unit. If information is not covered by a key term, it may be covered by a HW question or a class assignment!
Study Tip: Connect key terms and HW details to the BIG picture.

Ex: We know the Corn Laws were English: did they push England TOWARD or away from reform?

Ex: We know the Irish famine was bad and was caused by potato blight, but what larger implications did it have on the politics of the 1840s?
Think to yourself : 1) Do I understand what this term/HW question is/means? HOW does this term connect to the major events/ideas of the unit and the guiding questions? For this unit –think of what –Ism you connect the person or event to.

Liberalism  Conservatism  Romanticism  Utopian Socialism  Socialism Nationalism

Marxism  Radicalism  Communism Chartism  
Revolutions/Political Changes

Congress of Vienna  1830s revolts Greek Independence  Latin America

Italian Uprisings  Peterloo Massacre  British Reform 1832  Young Ireland Greek Independence

Irish Famine Corn Laws   French Rev 1830  Revolutions of 1848  Decembrist Revolt

British Reform Bill 1832

Klemens von Metternich Louis XVIII  Charles X  Guiseppe Mazzini  Robert Owen

Simon Bolivar   Napoleon III  Frederick William Daniel O’Connell   St. Simon  Charles Fourier

Karl Marx  Freidrich Engels Lord Byron   Mary Shelley   Beethoven  Wordsworth Blake George IV (England) Robert Peel

Long Run Themes that connect to the AP Euro Course – This is synthesis!

Challenges to absolute rule

Revolution as a means for change

Theories of government as a model for society, rather than religious authority.

Critiques of industrialization from people such as socialists and romantics

The rise of individuality, subjectivity and emotion as valid sources of knowledge

Identity such as ethnicity, class and national origin as a way to define the individual’s relationship with society.

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