Past Essay Questions:
A traditional and popular explanation of revolution was that it was caused by changes in public perception created by this intellectual movement.
See p.23 Adcock for names.
This is clear in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the actions and policies adopted by the Assembly.
Subsequent ideally of the revolution was to reduce the power of the monarchy and remove all privilege from society
Popular Clubs and Societies emerged in Paris and some of the larger provincial cities. Some were liberal ie moderate change; some were radical, calling for end of the Monarchy.
By end of 1793 over 2 000 branches over France, mainly in SE
Leaders, Danton and Desmoulin. Main spokesperson, Marat and Hérbert through newspapers.
Example of these clubs led to formation of many ‘popular’ or ‘fraternal societies’. Soon found in every district in Paris.
Marquis de Lafayette
A French aristocrat
Served in American war of independence
Admired by Parisian crowd.
First commander of National Guard
Wrote Declaration of the Rights of Man
Popular hero of the Revolution. Great speaker, natural leader of National Assembly. In favour of constitutional monarchy.
Instrumental in setting up of National Assembly
Fundamental group in the revolutionary events of 1789.