Revolutionary War and Declaration of Independence pass review



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Revolutionary War and Declaration of Independence PASS Review

Causes of the American Revolution


French and Indian War –The war was fought between France and England over lands in the Ohio River Valley which both the French and the English claimed. The British won the war and gained control of these lands but had a large debt as a result of the war. The British Parliament said that the debt should be paid by the American colonists whose lands the British had been defending. Colonists believed the King or Parliament did not have the right to impose taxes and they resisted.
Sugar Act – The French and Indian War was the beginning of events that led to the Revolutionary War. The French and Indian War was won by England. Because of the war England had a large debt. British Parliament decided that this debt should be paid by the American colonists whose lands the British had been defending. In 1764, Britain created a new tax with a law called the Sugar Act. It taxed imported goods such as sugar, coffee, and cloth.
Stamp Act – The Stamp Act placed a tax on all papers, such as legal documents, newspapers, and even playing cards. When the colonists bought these items, they had to buy a stamp and put it on the item to show they had paid the tax. The colonists would pay this directly and protested with the cry “No taxation without representation!”. Colonists did not have a representative in Parliament and therefore had no voice in Parliament. Colonists did not want representation in Parliament which was distant and in which they would be outvoted.

The colonists organized a Stamp Act Congress, which sent a petition to the King, and declared a boycott on British goods that led to the repeal of the Stamp Act. They also organized the Sons and Daughters of Liberty in order to protest British taxes.




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