Revising Board of Education Guidelines on Recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance

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Revising Board of Education Guidelines on Recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance
Resolution Number 2001-29
July 26, 2001
WHEREAS, the Code of Virginia, §22.1-202 requires the Board of Education, in consultation with the Office of the Attorney General, to develop guidelines on the propriety and constitutionality of recitation requirements and appropriate etiquette and conventions for respecting the dignity of the United States flag;
WHEREAS, the 2001 General Assembly adopted Senate Bill 1331, requiring the daily recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in each classroom of every public school division of the commonwealth;
WHEREAS, as a result of Senate Bill 1331, the Board of Education’s Pledge of Allegiance Guidelines require revision to promote compliance with state statue, constitutional restrictions, and the observance of constitutional rights; and
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the Board of Education that the revised guidelines be adopted.
Adopted in Richmond, Virginia, This Twenty-Sixth Day of July in the Year 2001.



(Adopted July 26, 2001)


A primary function of public schools is providing fundamental knowledge to elementary and secondary students about particular subjects, such as English, mathematics, science, and history. However, public education has also supported various community functions as well, including provision for a responsible citizenry. For example, schools have been considered places to teach students to be responsible and participatory members of society.1

That no free government, nor the blessings of liberty, can be preserved to any people, but by a firm adherence to justice, moderation, temperance, frugality, and virtue; by frequent recurrence to fundamental principles; and by the recognition by all citizens that they have duties as well as rights, and that such rights cannot be enjoyed save in a society where law is respected and due process is observed.
That free government rests, as does all progress, upon the broadest possible diffusion of knowledge, and that the Commonwealth should avail itself of those talents which nature has sown so liberally among its people by assuring the opportunity for their fullest development by an effective system of education throughout the Commonwealth. 2
As directed by § 22.1-202 of the Code of Virginia, the following document discusses the constitutional rights and restrictions pertaining to the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in the public schools. Historical information and legal precedent is provided along with statutory requirements and Board of Education guidance.

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